Read: Aristotle's "Doctrine of the mean" and "Pleasure and happiness"
Complete: Study guide questions
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Read: Act V R&J
Complete: Study guide & vocab
Wednesday, October 21, 2015
Tuesday, October 20, 2015
Monday, October 19, 2015
Study Guide Questions for Plato’s Crito
On p. 45 (“Fear not...”) Crito proposes that Socrates escapes from prison and flees Athens. Crito has the friends and the money to help Socrates do this easily. On p. 46-8 Socrates develops a complex analogy as a prelude to his consideration of Crito’s proposal:
We follow the advise of trainers or physicians to develop our physical Selves, and the result is physical health. If we follow the advice of the “many” who are not experts on the subject, the result will be a body “destroyed by evil” counsel (p. 47)
In a parallel vein, we ought to seek the advice of experts in good and evil, justice and the injustice if we wish to improve our “higher part of man” (p. 48), our mortal selves, and avoid the advice of the “many” who have no expertise in this area. And just as we wish to have a healthy body, we wish to live the “good life” which is “equivalent to a just and honorable” (P. 48). Socrates is now ready to consider Crito’s proposition, which he restates in his statement pp. 48-49.
- What premises or principles, drawn from their previous discussions, do Socrates and Crito agree are still true about how people should behave? (P. 49-50).
Beginning on p. 50, Socrates uses the plural (we/us) to speak as if he were the state presenting its arguments against escaping from legal punishment.
2a. Briefly explain the analogy Socrates develops on p. 50-51 to explain the state’s relationship to its citizens (Paragraph A beginning “And what that...”)
b. How had Socrates tried to change the state’s view of what is just?
3a. On pp. 51-52 (Par. B, beginning “Then the laws...”), how does Socrates now characterize the citizen’s relationship to the state?
b. What further reason does Socrates have for not trying to escape from his punishment?
4a. On p. 53, (Par. D, beginning “For just consider...”) Socrates gives four major reasons not to escape. Briefly paraphrase or explain each one.
b. Briefly paraphrase or explain the additional reason Socrates gives on p. 54 for not escaping in Par. E beginning “Listen, then...”
5. par. C, pp. 52-53 beginning “Then will they...” recaps the argument of Par. B as an introduction to a new aspect of the argument in par. D. Compare the reasons given for not escaping in par. A-C with the reasons given in Par D-E. How do the reasons given in par. A-C differ from the reasons in Par. D-E? (Hint: consider when the reasons would apply.)