Friday, October 28, 2016

Aristotle Notes 10/28/16

Review:

Essence of human beings: psyche
                                        irrational                rational
                                        /           \              /       |      \
                               vegetative     appetite     moral    intellectual     (highest achievement)
                                                               \       reason   reason     
                                                              (controlled by the doctrine of the mean)
 What is the job of philosophy? To explain the nature of things.
An idea is an essence of reality, reality is universal in the particular.
How does Aristotle explain motion? Everything is going from the potential to the actual. Aristotle's philosophy is teleological (study of the end), the end precedes everything.
All men are mortal therefore Aristotle is   __________.

Which came first the acorn or the tree? 

According to Aristotle the acorn precedes the tree because it holds the potential to become the tree. 

4 Causes that explain the nature of the universe: Material (the lump of clay), Efficient (Sculptor makes it change), Formal (Ideas are synonymous of the form), Final (precedes it all, teleological)
(Note: Nothing can be explained with causes, this should be the 4 reasons) 

Aristotle's metaphysics is cosmological (i.e. reality) chain of being (all things are linked together) 

Know these terms: A priori and A posteriori

Get ready for Essay:
*Do not write a narrative. Do not tell Watson about Philoctetes. Impress Watson with how well you know about Aristotle. How deep can you go with it? 
Read Handout "Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs"
You do not need people once you have achieved the highest level of happiness or do you? How can you use this with Philoctetes? 

Moral happiness is the second degree of happiness: A just man needs people in order to be just. 
You have to overcome that second degree of happiness in order to become happy with people.
 
 

Euro Lit Homework 10/28/16

Aristotle Essay Due Monday

Lori Sauter comes to talk about Jr. Project!

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Euro Lit Homework 10/26/16

For Thursday Read Aristotle's "Nichomachean Ethics, Book 10"

Answer Study Guide Questions

Aristotle Essay Due Monday 10/31/16

Monday: Lori Sauter comes to talk about Jr. Project

Monday, October 24, 2016

Aristotle Notes 10/24/16

Essence of Aristotle's philosophy is based on motion.
Mr. Stewart wants you to take away this learning objective for the day: Which came first the chicken or the egg?

4 Causes that explain what reality is. The process of change is going from the potential to the actual.
Note: Causes cannot explain the nature of the universe but reason can.
Example of 4 causes using Statue of Hermes:
Material: the statue starts off as a blob of bronze it cannot be absolutely formless.
Efficient: The sculpture molds it and gives it a new form.
Formal: An idea
Final: Is absolute complete actualization. The end proceeded any change at all. Teleological.

Important Quotes from Aristotle's "The Doctrine of The Mean"

"It is a way of doing things," It is not the end goal, it is the journey that creates the happiness.

Pay attention to the differences of the common man, the plain man, and the ordinary man.

"What is good for one person may not be good for another." You cannot find out what is good for you prior to experimentation.

"virtues of moderation" According to Aristotle this is the means to happiness or the "golden mean."

Criticism of Aristotle: No absolutes, Always in moderation

Euro Lit Homework 10/24/16

For Tuesday Read Aristotle's "Nichomachean Ethics," Book 1
Read "Man as Responsible Agent"

For Wednesday Read Aristotle's "Nichomachean Ethics," Book 2
Write Study Guide Answers
Book 10 Due Friday

Mr. Stewart will not be present on Tuesday 10/25/16 and may or may not be on Wednesday.

Euro Lit Homework 10/24/16

For Tuesday Read Aristotle's "Nichomachean Ethics," Book 1
Read "Man as Responsible Agent"

For Wednesday Read Aristotle's "Nichomachean Ethics," Book 2
Write Study Guide Answers
Book 10 Due Friday