Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Honors 9 Notes 12/14/16

Note Key:
 -Underline: Requirement for class
- Italics: Notes synthesized from class discussion
-Red: Main concept or important idea

Honors English Notes: 12/14/16
Only Prewrite for Tomorrow: Thesis Statement + Three topic sentences
Consolidate Theme into one Word:
            Current Theme Ideas: Hubris, Arrogance
                        (Themes such as Jealousy or not thinking before acting, is not a central
                        Theme but still important and insightful)
Thesis opinion: Don’t have excessive pride

Body Paragraphs:
-       Base argument on a literary device
-       “In the story of Daedalus, an anonymous rhapsode teaches us the lesson of Don’t have Excessive pride using the literary devices of…”
1.     Plot Consists of
- Exposition
- Climax
- Antagonist
- Denouement
            Analyze the plot, explain the purpose of each element included
Stewarts Example: how each aspect of the plot demonstrates the Homeric pattern

            Other literary devices the rhapsode uses:
            Most difficult to use because of abstract quality but most valuable
                        Symbols: To Use: Icarus, labyrinth, Talos:
-Point of View/Diction:        
            “…Pride raced away with his wit”
                        Raced: Jumps to conclusion
                        Wit: what he requires to not pay nemesis
            “Character are always positive or negative examples of the theme”
            Homeric pattern: Every single Character has arête, hubris, ate, nemesis

Conventions: Double spaced, 12 pt font, class name date teacher name is upper left hand corner, paginate (put name is upper right hand corner)

Euro Lit Notes 12/14/16

Homework: Read Chapters 25-29 

If there is a snow day tomorrow, read the rest of the book for Friday

Candide Notes Chapters 19-24

Commentary in blue
Important stuff in red

Chapter 19

Candide's paradigm begins to wear away when he meets the slave missing a leg and a hand. Slavery is what begins to shift Candide's paradigm. Candide's naivete is shown when he is swindled by the captain of the ship. 
The only thing we can do, according to Voltaire, is to do the right thing.  
Candide left El Dorado because he loves Cunegonde. Does he?
Voltaire critiques society by asking about the price of sugar. What is the price of our gas and our food?

Chapter 20

Manicheanism is a Persian philosophy that deals with the dualism between light and darkness. Like Zoroastrianism. Or the Force ;) Some say that whether the world is light or dark depends on you. Candide rejects it. Martin focuses on the darkness.
Candide holds on to Pangloss' philosophy despite everything that's happened in his story. It's really hard to escape one's paradigm.
Stoical optimism is saying that everything is okay when everything is not okay according to Candide

Chapter 21

Candide represents stoical optimism. 
Martin represents pessimism and the philosophy of Hobbes.
Debate between Hobbes and Rousseau same sort of thing as the debate between Aristotle and Plato
Mr. Stewart says that the only way one can change themselves is to let go of paradigm thinking.

Chapter 22

 Candide is unfaithful to Cunegonde. Does he love her?

Chapter 23

Candide repairs his paradigm with the statement that everything is going as well as it can possibly can be going.

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Honors 9 Notes 12/13/16

Read and Reread "Daedalus" to prepare for discussion on Wednesday and essay on Thursday. Pay particular attention to Nuts and Bolts as well as quotations that support the theme. Flesh out your notes to be able to write a fantastic first essay!

Euro Lit Notes 12/13/16

Get caught up on reading tonight! Spot checks tomorrow from Chapter 6. Failure = test projected for Friday.

Candide Notes Chapters 13-18

Student commentary in blue
Important stuff in red

Chapter 13

Satirizing the worst in human nature (Similar outlook to William Golding, who got it from Thomas Hobbes) through the governor of Buenos Aires
Governor is a kind of foil to Candide
Dramatic irony of the cruelty of the governor towards Cunegonde used in order to make audience pity Candide. (Just like Philoctetes)
Voltaire satirizes the Catholic Church through poor morality on the part of the monk, demonstrating his scorn for organized religion. Voltaire was a Deist, a member of a religious philosophy that arose during the Enlightenment period which believed that God set the universe in motion but did not interfere with the daily goings on of the universe. Deist philosophy partially adopted by Catholic Church as exemplified in King Henry V "The time of miracles has ceased." Also think of William Golding's ending to Lord of the Flies. 
Candide is representative of humanity in general, as are many protagonists in literature. Like Candide, we gradually come to know the depravity of humankind

Chapter 14

Voltaire satirizes the Catholic Church further by pointing out how the fathers have benefited massively by a system of economic inequality, while the people have suffered. Echoes of Martin Luther's Theses and the Protestant Reformation here that lead into the Enlightenment era. 
Colonialism, hypocrisy, religion all targets here.
Voltaire's uses situational irony in having the baron actually be alive. Look for how many times this happens in the book. Also, think about how often this happens in modern media.

Chapter 15

Title of the chapter is ironic because the baron dies again.
More satirizing of the church with the baron's comment about the church looking for people they can control.
Dramatic and situational irony in Candide's lament, "I'm the kindest man in the world..."(57) How can one be kind when they kill people? Or if they use a dead man's body to get passage out of the country?
Understatement in Cacambo's attitude surrounding the whole thing.
In modern society, murder is treated with Candide's attitude of "I'm the kindest man in the world" (57) and that a murderer is a good person who made a bad choice.
Are all murderers bad people?
In modern society, people can get away with doing bad things to good people, such as many of the cases taken up by such movements as Black Lives Matter

Chapter 16

Cacambo derived from Yiddish, which translates to "little manure."
Overstatement of Candide's ability to shoot.
Dig at the Spanish with comparing them to the result of inbreeding with monkeys.
Candide holds on to his paradigm of the best of all possible worlds in spite of his capture by the Oreillons. 
Candide shooting the monkeys symbolic of European colonialism. Candide faces the unknown in the New World. 
Candide satirizes religious discrimination in the Oreillons' treatment of Candide after discovering he is not a Jesuit. 
One develops pessimism through difficulties in life. Is that always true?
Candide is a child
Voltaire is satirizing Rousseau in this chapter.
Does Voltaire subscribe to the Hobbesian view of human nature?

Chapter 17

Voltaire uses juxtaposition in this chapter: begins dark and gloomy and then satirical in Voltaire's overstatement of Candide's and Cacambo's journey to El Dorado
El Dorado is an example of the best of all possible worlds. El Dorado is a myth, thus demonstrating Voltaire's scorn for utopianism. Utopia is a word that comes from the book Utopia by Thomas More, meaning the best possible world. Dystopia as exemplified in "Harrison Bergeron," The Hunger Games, and "The Ones who Walk Away from Omelas," is the opposite of utopia.

Chapter 18 

Voltaire's overstatement of the wealth of El Dorado is a further dig at Candide's "best of all possible worlds" because it is too ludicrous to be true.
El Dorado is Voltaire's idea of a utopia full of reason and scientific knowledge, which does not exist.

Monday, December 12, 2016

Honors 9 English - Homework for 12/13/16

Honors 9 English - Homework for 12/13/16

Reread "Daedalus" and analyze WHY the rhapsode has characters say and do what they do, have this or that happen, uses symbolism, diction, etc. in order to prepare to synthesize for Tuesday's discussion on what the myth's theme is in order to write a theme essay on Wednesday.