Thursday, September 7, 2017

EuroLit - Thursday 9/7

Homework: prepare for 50 point semi-bonus quiz on Friday & BRING STUDENT ID!

Class Notes"

Thursday September 7th 2nd period Euro Lit.
- review of terminology from handout in relation to quiz to come. Polytheistic, anthropomorphic, etc.
Review of logistics- one of each handout, preplanned absence inform early as possible
Read critically- cut the wheat from the chaff (the real stuff)

Literature started as oral history. Etymology of Europe
Humanism- what does it mean to be human?

Homo sapiens- etymology. “Knowledgeable man” We named ourselves thusly.
Philosophical concept of presupposition. In terms of totality of humanity, or also as individuals?

Basic necessities: food, clothing, shelter, plus society

Neolithic revolution- cease to be totally dependent on nature. “New Stone”. Most important event in human history. Next major event, industrial revolution in 19th Century. Neolithic revolution, advent of agriculture, development of surplus, domestication of cow. Cows/bulls ubiquitous in early cosmology. Metallurgy, tools. Egypt/Mesopotamia/Hebrew civilization. Egypt started with golden age, always tried to return to it. Meso contributes mathematics/astronomy/astrology, Hamurabi’s code. Invention of writing, cuniform, use of stylus on clay tablets. Literary legacy, epic of Gilgamesh.

Oldest story is flood myth, second is story of Marduk. Third, is Gilg.
Gilg was king of Urek. Handsome, well loved. 1st knight rights (1st dibs!) People prayed to Marduk. Gilg has too much pride. Mard creates demigod, Enkidu. Just as handsome/ buff as Gilg. They fight, it’s a draw. Best buddies. They confront mortality. Seek fame as immortality. Cedars of Lebanon, go there and challenge the god. Begin felling the trees. God tells Marduk. Gives Enkidu a fatal disease, he dies. Gilg heartbroken. Gilg goes to talk to survivors of flood. Crosses river. Upsham, what’s your longevity secret? Upsham makes Gilg fall asleep. Gilg dreams, realizes he doesn’t want to live forever. Huis Clos. Upsham’s wife, tells Gilg about plant of everlasting youth at bottom of river. Takes it to Enkidu. Falls asleep. Snake steals plant. Takes cedar of lebanon, builds fortress to protect his people, writes epic on those logs. Basis is fear of death.

In Meso. Zoroaster, not on quiz. Didn’t invent idea of afterlife. Prob. neanderthals. Z did say afterlife is what you merit from your life. Good/evil. Outcome of battle depended on man.

Hebrews gave us monotheism.

Thesus- Pericles and other myths. Good and bad, explanatory, episodic, explain natural world
With Homer, hero changes, fighting internal demons. Then changes with Socrates.
Rhapsodes- accompany themselves with lyres. Recount myths. Patriarchical tradition. Gaia comes first, but never head. Uranus instead. Gaia and Uranus have kids, titans and cyclops, sends them to Tartarus. Next comes Chronos. Chronos castrates dad (Uranus). Same thing is going to happen to you! Parapithia. Zeus castrates Chronos after getting vomited out. Titans battle Olympians and win because titan, Prometheus, gives humans fire. Zeus punishes Prometheus to have his liver pecked for eternity. Early psychology.
Currently in an interglacial period.

Discussion time- what’s the correct world view paradigm?
Feedback from students- talking to each other (students), address what the previous person said!, Occam’s razor, paradigm based on upbringing.

Societal failure- Marx, economic failure. Spangler, grow, but die. 3rd,

We “know” that “man” has walked the face of the earth for a million years.

When teacher emphasizes something, probably important for quiz!

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