Thursday, September 7, 2017

HONORS 9 - Thursday 9/7

Homework: quiz on Gods of Olympus and class lecture on Friday

Class notes:


Need to have assignment sheet out and completed at beginning of class.
Assignment for tomorrow, know gods of Olympus, Scantron, #2 pencil, matching 15 items, 1 short answer question 10 points.

Logistics reminder. Cell phones, 1 warning, then taken to office. Handouts available on blog.
Inform Mr. Stewart of preplanned absence. Need a highlighting system.

Gods of Olympus- Pantheon is a family of gods. The Olympean Pantheon.
Polytheism- belief in many gods.
Mythology told by rhapsodes. Rhapsode is oral storyteller, no writing at time. Professional storyteller, always male. Patriarchal.
NO SNEEZING!
Many gods have A and H names, use mnemonics.


Listing gods- Apollo (Light), Athena (Warrior Goddess, Wisdom), Hephaestus (God of the Forge) married to Aphrodite (Goddess of love, beauty), Gaia (Mother Earth), Ares (God of War), Ares and Aphrodite have an affair which is discovered, Hera (wife of Zeus) becomes jealous of Zeus’ ability to bring forth Athena without her, so she has a child without Zeus, which is Heph, pulled him from her hip, or ass. Zeus found Heph so abhorrent that he flung him into the sea, or maybe it was Hera himself, Poseidon (Neptune) sends sea nymph to save him, sea nymph Thetis becomes mother of demigod name Achilles, Hades=Pluto, Dionysus (god of wine, play, revery, darkness, madness)
Archetype- first of its kind
In the future you will read about Icarus- wings of wax, melt, plunge to the sea
Why did he fly close to sun? Wanted to know the truth.
2000 BCE people knew Earth wasn’t flat

Greeks obsessed with being tricked. Wiliness.

Purpose of myths- Myths serve as entertainment, instill ethics/morality, explain the world
Explain the world geographically, scientifically, and historically
We wear rings

1st darkness/chaos, then love/light, from darkness come Lachesis, Clotho, Atropo, Clotho spins the thread of life, Lachesis measures it, Atropo cuts it, concept of predetermination

Paradox-seeming contradiction that is nonetheless true. Life is predetermined, yet we have free will. 3 fates represent predetermination, childs of darkness, patriarchy makes them women. Greek society was matriarchal.

Mythology is early form of psychology.

Gaia has children with her son/husband Uranus, the giants, the cyclops, Uranus sends ‘em to hell, next is the titans, Chronos castrates his dad Uranus, Uranus becomes father sky, Chronos becomes head of pantheon, Chronos reneges on deal with Gaia, same thing will happen to you Chronos, to avoid fate, Chronos marries Rhea, Chronos swallows them, Rhea complains to Gaia, 5th kid Zeus, Rhea and Gaia get him drunk, steal away Zeus, Chronos is given nasty drink, pukes up other 4 kids, Chronos becomes father time, Titans vs Olympians, Prometheus gives humans fire help Olympians, Zeus punishes Prom liver pecked for eternity because now humans can threaten the gods.

Human nature is self-surpassing.

No notes on quiz!

Zeus is archetype of politician.

Persephone ate pomegranate seed, so she’s tainted by death
 

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