Monday, November 20, 2017

English 9 Honors: 11/20/17 Homework- Read Samsara pp 60-69 Read By the River pp 70-81 Notes: This is a good German joke: According to Sigmund Freud, what comes between fear and sex? Funf! (For those of you that don’t know, in German the number four is pronounced fear, the number six is pronounced sex and five is funf) Autobiographical and Historical Information Herman Hesse- Born in 18… (This is as far as we got before Stewart went into a lecture about how The Old Man and The Sea changed him) Okay were back: - Born in 1877 in the black forest - His Parents were missionaries in India - So had his father’s mother been - Very unusual background, he had the same amount of eastern and western religion and philosophy. He was exposed to Christian and Hindu, Buddhist philosophy; his view of the world was a synthesis of the east and west - His view of how to attain happiness is unique: o Central theme: the inner voice o The inner voice is existentialist o The eternal part of ourselves which relates to Brahmin o The inner voice is ones true self - Novel set in 350 bce in India - Our protagonist Siddhartha has the same name of The Buddha, because Sid agrees with a lot of different things. He brings the ideas together and creates his own idea - When Hesse was going through school he was almost crushed beneath the wheel of conformity Read: Beneath the Wheel for Hesse o Pavlov was a Russian scientist that believed in behaviorism Setting For Siddhartha: - Hinduism is a pantheistic religion o They believe that the divine is intertwined with the real world o Brahma is known as over soul o That the soul is permeated within all things o The eternal time that all atoms get thrown back into the cosmological stew o This is not too uncommon with out western science o Everything is (given enough time) Everything else o This concept is called Brahmin (or Over Soul) o Everything is an illusion o We have an eternal part of ourselves called our soul or Atman o We go through an endless cycle of birth and rebirth called Samsara, through this development we have developed an ego o This is existentialist because the ego is existentialist - Thematic Elements in Sid: o What is going on in the traditional belief in Hinduism? • His idea is that its interesting but he doesn’t fully devote himself to it • Not much of the true nature of the universe will bring one nirvana • Enlightenment of the self is the true nature of the universe • Does knowledge really bring peace? - Western philosophy of doubting makes it real, eastern philosophy affirms everything by bringing everything together. Western say no no no Eastern say yes yes yes - What does Om mean? Yes. - Diversity is an illusion, everything is everything o Govinda is a foil for Siddhartha o Siddhartha distrusts teaching, you can not learn anything particularly when it comes to the level of the soul stuff, You can not learn anything vicariously o Govinda is like “aw yeah man teach me” - External Conflict: o Can Sid find enlightenment? - Internal Conflict: o Can he accept and learn himself? - He hears about the Samsans, who are ascetics, they refuse pleasure because true life is internal - Didactic allegory: Didactic means to teach. Allegory is a simple story with a deeper meaning - The most important body paragraph is symbolism Page 18: He has no trust for teaching Gautama: Is what he called the Buddha Page 22: The origin of suffering, life is pain, he teaches the liberation from suffering Page 27: Salvation from suffering Page 28: “Look Buddha I’m not criticizing what you’re doing but I can’t follow it” Because I need to find my own way

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