Friday, January 6, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 1/6/17

Class Notes: 1/6/17

                        Homework for Monday: Complete “First Words 1+2”
                                                                      Read Theseus, know nuts and bolts,
                                                                      Prepare for college bowl
 Essay Writing:

To be successful:
1.     Know the Material
2.     Answer the essay prompt
a.     Our prompt is “What is the Central Theme?”
-       Thesis statement is the most important part of the essay, answering the prompt, keep focus on thesis opinion
-       Three reasons defending thesis, use literary devices, show how rhapsode conveys message uses literary devices. Prioritize Reasons! Best Reason should come last
-       Brainstorming: our thesis opinion- Pride Goes Before The Fall
o   Need to repeat this statement 8 times, alternate ideas for wording-
§  Self doubt protects from failure
§  Nemesis from pride
§  Bite off too much and you’re going to choke
§  Think big act small
-       Literary Devices
o   Character
o   Plot
o   Symbolism (Stewart Believes this Is Most Important)
o   Point of view

Logical Order-
Point of View: Find quotations that show reason and explain
            Ex: “Finally as happens with many men pride raced away with his wits”
                        Nathans Explanation: Narrator shows that it (Pride racing away with                          wits) happens to many men
Character: To find quotations- Look for diction and word choice
            “Daedalus could not resist the beautiful queen; besides, she had touched his           
            Vanity” Narrator uses vanity as another word for prize
            How does the Character change? Analyze development
            Show how character represents Homeric pattern
Symbolism: (discuss on Monday)

Plot: sequence of actions in a story, you have a protagonist and an antagonist, struggles against each other in exterior conflict, protagonist also has internal conflict, 99% of time resolution to internal conflict is also resolution to external conflict.
Exposition: Shows basic information that lets you expose the plot
Setting: time and place of stories action
Rising action: complications that make it harder for protagonist to solve conflict
Climax: moment of highest emotional intensity
Dénouement: strings being untied

Remember A comes back to A but is no longer A. 
What changes?
What makes it change?
In what way does it change?
Why does the author have it change in that way?

Euro Lit Notes 1/6/17

Happy New Year!

Back to Candide

Red is important information
Blue is student commentary
Black is notes  
The Norman Conquest was in 1066 C.E. which included the Battle of Hastings, won by William the Conqueror.
There will be content and vocabulary quizzes on Jane Eyre, should you choose to begin reading early.

Background Information

 Does Candide really love Cunegonde? Why did he cheat on her?
"Utopia" means "nowhere" in Greek
Here's William Faulkner's Nobel Prize acceptance speech in case you want to read it.
Candide begins to adopt doubt in regards to stoical optimism when faced with things like slavery
Voltaire satirizes paradigm thinking and idealism 

Chapter 25

Pococurante's name means "caring little. He is a symbol of nihilism/cynicism. He is looking for a perfect thing and since everything falls short of his definition of perfect, he is dissatisfied with everything.
Pococurante is a foil to Candide
Voltaire satirizes pessimism and seventeenth century society through Pococurante as well
Martin agrees with Pococurante.
Voltaire spends a lot of time satirizing what he doesn't believe in but spends next to no time putting forward is own beliefs. Like Pococurante.
Cicero was a cynic Roman rhetorician.
Descartes doubted everything until he couldn't doubt anymore.

Chapter 26

 Satirizes Venice with overstatement

Chapter 27

Satirizes royalty through Candide's verbal irony. Kings needed the charity of Candide and others. Could be symbolic/representative of the Enlightenment attitude that kings derive their right to rule from the will of the people.
Cunegonde has become ugly but Candide doesn't care... almost. Voltaire is satirizing the idea of love out of obligation through Candide saying that he is "bound to love her." Inauthenticity is one of the cardinal vices of existentialism. Look for it in Damien.

Chapter 28

Situational irony of the baron and Pangloss coming back.
The attitude of admitting mistakes as weakness is exemplified in Pangloss holding to his original opinion.
Pangloss holds on to a priori thinking and uses other philosopher's thoughts to justify his own.
Candide doesn't really come-of-age, (yet) he just keeps holding on to his paradigm.

Chapter 29

Candide still marries Cunegonde out of obligation. Inauthenticity
Voltaire satirizes snobbery as well.  Candide marries Cunegonde despite her brother's wishes. Cunegonde represents Candide's paradigm; Candide is more in love with the idea of Cunegonde than he is with Cunegonde herself.