Friday, February 10, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/10/17

Plato: For the greater good.  
Karl Marx: It was a historical inevitability.  
Machiavelli: So that its subjects will view it with admiration, as a chicken, which has the daring and courage to boldly cross the road, but also with fear, for whom among them has the strength to contend with such a paragon of avian virtue?  In such a manner is the             princely chicken's dominion maintained.
I don’t even know if this is a joke… but it made me laugh and it’s a good philosophy lesson- Luzia

            Read: Romeo and Juliet Act I
            Complete: Study Guide and vocab sheet- 1 or 2 will be collected for full points. They will be checked for 25 points.

College Bowl Oedipus Notes-
Pre determination vs. Free will: He avoids his fate and he ends up making his situation worse
-       He is a tragic hero because he doesn’t know himself and ends up in his fate because he doesn’t bring the dark parts to light
What is the symbol for “How you deal with that you’re dealt”
-       The cross roads, represent the decision he makes
-       He couldn’t control the fact that he was in the place and time with Laius but he could control how he reacted to being there
-       The cross roads represent the decisions you make that could change your life and we cant change those decisions if we aren’t aware how monumental they are GNOTHI SEATON
-       Part of the cross roads is you’re presented with the decision and you can chose to act on your emotions and do the more rational act
What are the five parts of a tragic hero?
Arête, hubris, anagnorisis, ate, nemesis
What is Oedipus noted for, what is the proof of his being a tragic hero?
His intelligence- his arête is being the best king of Thebes he can be. His hubris is “Solving the sphinx’s riddle, I didn’t need prophecy to tell me how- I did it with man’s intelligence!” Mankind can’t have so much hubris that they think that they can control everything.
-     We are all born losers. Tragedy is about suffering, Dionysus is the suffering god- We relate to Dionysus because we are beings who suffer. Suffering leads to enlightenment.  Humankind suffers- what makes us noble is how we take the loss.
When does Oedipus commit ate?
When he tries to change his fate.
-     “Man’s reach should exceed his grasp, else why is there a heaven?”- Robert Browning
-     The bounds of the gods are symbolic of the bounds we set upon ourselves- the fates are symbolic for things we cannot control, except how we deal with what we are dealt.
What is the moment of anagnorisis?
When he discovers that he is the murderer of Laius. He already knows he is the murderer, but he puts himself to light to help Thebes.
What is his nemesis?
He blinds himself
-       Because ignorance is bliss, freedom vs. happiness
-       We have the freedom, but we don’t want it, we don’t want to know the truth about ourselves because that comes with responsibility and alienation.
-       His nemesis is blinding himself so he cannot see what he loves- his daughter, his city, etc. He doesn’t want to see his shame (children, parents, city)
-       That is a symbol of repression- driving what is in the conscious mind into the subconscious. This is dangerous for yourself- you must GNOTHI SEATON.
What is the main symbol of the play?
He has eyes but he is blind to the truth about himself.  The play is symbolic of the hero’s journey, the journey of knowing yourself.

European Literature Notes 2/10/17

Important information & Homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Read pages 1-6 of Jung packet

Vocab quiz on Jungian Vocabulary on Monday 

Hegel has a fusional view between Platonic and Aristotelian thought. Thought that there was something more than the material world and that the universe is in the individual instances of the thing. 
Hegel thinks that facing death is the way that people understand what makes a happy life. 
How ironic. In some cases, by the time an individual faces death, there isn't anything left for them to do to change their life and make their life happy. 
Investing one's being into one's work is the way to recognize one is self-conscious says Hegel.
Hegel says that the things that matter are the things that aren't matter (haha). The only things that matter are those things which last forever.
What are the things that last forever?
Homer has Hegel's thought implicit in it. After Achilles faces death, he becomes compassionate towards Priam. 
Marx took up Hegel's thought that work is the key to self-consciousness. Marxism is an ideology that supposes that in order to be self-conscious, the self must be annihilated in unity.
Nietzsche has the opposing viewpoint, that the self must be exalted to achieve self-consciousness.
The works of Karl Marx are the foundation for a divergent path of Western Philosophy.
The Beak of the Finch by Jonathan Weiner is an excellent book that illustrates how the process of evolution works. 
Jung adds the collective unconscious to the Freudian model of psychology
Hegel thinks that everything that has come before us is part of us. 
The Descent of Man by Charles Darwin 

Thursday, February 9, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/9/17

            Know: What happens & why in prologos, episodos, and epilogos  for optional final
            Bring student ID card!    

How many Marxists does it take to screw in a light bulb?
None, it contains its own seeds for revolution. (Get it cause revolution as in turning in circles, so the light bulb screws itself in??) Hahahhahahaha I haven’t slept in 3 days yikes
Red= important Blue= my thoughts Black= Notes Highlight= Star Five Info Purple= Student commentary

By trying to escape their fate- you commit a rash act, namely ate
How does Laius commit the same act of ate?
-       They cast away Oedipus as a child in order to escape fate
Aren’t they using their freedom and dealing with what their dealt??
-       Because they are thinking rashly they aren’t escaping their fate in an effective way
-       The pre determination, fate or destiny?
Does Oedipus pay a price for using his free will?
-       Can we change what’s going to happen to us? We can only change what we can control; all we can control are our emotions
If we learn what specifically Oedipus does wrong that leads to him not accepting his fate- is this accurate for all of us or is it relativized?


European Literature Notes 2/9/17

Important notes and homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Bring Student ID for tomorrow

There will probably be a quiz on terminology for Jungian psychology on Monday or Tuesday
How well can I type with one hand? Why don;t we find out because I'm trying to pay attention but there's just so many words.
Hyperbolic: from hyperbole, meaning exaggerated. Also a kind of mathematical function, but that's not what we're talking about.
Hegel presupposes that there exists more than one self-consciousness 
The Philosophy of Right for all the future lawyers out there
Is understanding seeing what "the experts" see or something else?
Sonder is a name for the realization that each person is living a life as complicated and nuanced as your own. If you're interested in finding more fun words for specific feelings, here's a link to the Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows
The Philosophy of Number One: "who's going to look after you if you don't look after you?"
Hegel is saying that individuals make up the universal and that there is no universal without any individuals. 
Hegel uses Plato's idea of recognition.
Is Hegel saying that in order to self-actualize and so be happy, one must recognize that each person is in fact an individual as complex and human as itself?
Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit is about what humans do. It is a psychological model for how, when humans meet each other, each tries to prove dominance over the other as being the center of the universe in order to gain freedom.
What is freedom?
Death is a huge unknown because no one knows what happens. 
Søren Kierkegaard got his title of Fear and Trembling from Hegel.
Hegel says that the act of applying oneself to an activity connects oneself to pure spirit. 

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/8/17

            Re read: Oedipus as need know for nuts and bolts Final Test

Luzia’s Dumb Philosophy joke of the day:
Satre is sitting in a café revising Being and Nothingness, a waitress comes by, Satre asks her for a cup of coffee with no cream. The waitress says “Sorry sir, were out of milk, how about no cream instead?”
Wow my jokes are getting bad I’m sorry if anyone has good jokes let me know

Class notes:
Everything comes down to the central theme and the main idea- you have to know why the author has the nuts and bolts and how they connect to the theme

The protagonist and antagonist are both Oedipus
Exterior conflict and Interior conflict are both questions- and 99% of the time they are both solved by fixing the interior conflict

The Central theme of the play is Gnothi Seaton- know the dark parts of yourself

Subjective- anything inside the mind

Happiness is a subjective term, regardless of the crab bucket or herd mentality you have to know yourself

Socrates is the most important human being in the history of the universe this far?
Socrates proved that there is such thing as truth. The truth is subjective, it is definable. Socrates lived at a time where the philosophers were known as Sophos- they were the wise guys.  They believed there is no such thing as truth except wisdom. Socrates believed there is truth and it is objective to man

Pain does not matter to a man because a man is not simply matter- mind over matter, and mind is not brain because brain is matter. There has to be something metaphysical.
Socrates believe that the ultimate truth is to be found subjectively- we no longer just have opinions
We have the freedom to find the truth                
Star Five info- the cross road is a symbol for the decision
            We are the sum of our decisions                                                              ¿

            He had no control over the fact that he was at the same place at the same time, he did have the ability to control his emotions                                                                                               

European Literature 2/8/17

Important information in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Reread "Lordship and Bondage"

Socrates espoused objective truth
Plato called the human ability to recognize truth nous
What does it mean to be happy?
Philosophy leads to true happiness according to Stewart
"Heidegger is the end of philosophy"
Why is he considered the end of philosophy? Is it not hubristic to say that human thinking has progressed to its zenith (its top point) and will not continue?
Hegel was obsessed with dialectic: the process of a thesis confronting an antithesis and then synthesizing into a greater thesis to confront a greater antithesis.
Hegel says that there is a general upward direction to history. Hegel calls this idea "zeitgeist," a spirit that pushes history to some end. Is that true? Is history progressing towards some end point?
Hegel thought that each person was a loci (location) of pure spirit.
Hegel's philosophy was the beginning of the idea that there is a "we."

College Bowl Notes

Self-consciousness is multiplied by the recognition that one is self-conscious.
Hegel said that reality is objective and is known through subjectivity
Assimilation (becoming part of oneself) of the other self-consciousness is the quest of the self-consciousness. That way the one self-consciousness can be considered universal rather than lacking something because the other self-consciousness is particular rather than universal.
Does assimilation offer a conclusion to the conundrum of the ship of Theseus?
If you're interested in Heidegger, here's an article on him in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
German is considered one of the only languages that allows a being to say what they are really thinking. 
Hegel presupposes the existence of pure self-consciousness.
Hegel says that by recognizing the Other, the Self regards itself as the "star of the movie"
From a astrophysical perspective, each person is the relative center of the universe and they are all technically correct. 
Virginia Wolfe wrote about how when two people interact with each other, they create a third person between them. 
Heidegger said that the universe is the sum total of relations to ourselves.
In order to be a productive citizen, each person has to acknowledge the possible validity of another person's paradigm.
Stoic passivity to offenses creates an allowance to offense.
The Sunflower has a symposium in it which discusses how stoical forgiveness might lead to such passivity that allows for the existence of the Nazi regime. On the other hand, some posit that stoical forgiveness is necessary in order to be a good person.
Existential thought says that each person negates everything in order to prove one's own existence.
Part of Hegel's belief in how to be a good person is to recognize that each person is the center of their own universe.

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

European Literature Assignment 2/7/17

Complete "Lordship and Bondage" Study Guide for College Bowl Tomorrow

Class Notes: 3/7/17
            As needed to know nuts and bolts for Oedipus
            Final test


Monday, February 6, 2017

Honors 9 Assignment 2/6/17

Reread Oedipus as needed to know Nuts and Bolts

Final Test coming up

European Literature Notes 2/6/17

Important notes in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends   

Read Hegel's "Lordship and Bondage"& Complete Study Guide Due Wednesday

There will be time next period to work on the study guide

Use quotations and explain them in your study guide

There will be a college bowl on Wednesday

Plato and Socrates gave us deductive (a priori) and inductive (a posterori) reasoning
After Aristotle returned Materialist philosophy
Romans adopt Greek culture and philosophy 
St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas are the premier philosophers of the European Medieval and Renaissance. 
Medieval and Renaissance philosophers mainly concerned about what part does man play in God's creation and does man have free will.
The problem of evil was a big issue in Medieval philosophy. Crash Course Philosophy did a short stint of videos about theodicies, which are theories about the answer to the problem of evil. Highly recommended if you want to explore the concept.
Renaissance philosophy supposes that God has given humans free will.
Humanist philosophy started during the times of the Renaissance and was based around humans at the center. It was not in contrast to Catholicism but rather an attitude within the Catholic faith.
Mind-body dualism comes from René Descartes. Cartesian philosophy believes in the mind-body dualism. Existentialism believes that there is no mind-body dualism.
Existentialism is based around becoming one's own true self.
What is one's true self?
Hegel gives us phenomenology, the study of the subjective appearance of something
Nietzsche says that all is subjective. Including time.
Time does not flow at the same rate everywhere. According to Einstein and the work that has followed in astrophysics, time flows more slowly at speeds close to the speed of light or in cases of extreme gravity, such as the event horizon of a black hole. In addition, psychology teaches us that our perception of time depends on what's going on in our brain, such as relaxation or stress.
René Descartes was a Renaissance man, he studies a lot of different things to see different perspectives on subjects. 
Descartes points out how prevalent negation is: the process through which we identify everything that something is not to find out what something is.
Socrates believed in absolute truth while the Sophists did not. 
Metaphysics of Plato/Socrates says there is an ideal world and a physical world. 
Aristotle, Descartes, Kant, and Hegel are all idealists.
The Objectivists reject idealism and say that all is matter.    
Does an idea last forever if no one is around to think it?
Aristotle's chain of being goes from the inanimate to the animate to the unmoved mover and movement is the measure of what things are.
Descartes' chain of being goes from inanimate to beasts to man to angels to God, the Increate Creator. Man can become beasts or angels.Descartes proves subjectivity exists. 
What's wrong with an infinite regress? 
Kant's chain of being is exactly like Descartes but divides it into things that live for oneself and things that live in oneself. God, angels, and man live for oneself while beasts and inanimate objects are not.
Kant believed that if we follow ethical rules, we rob ourselves of our moral agency, the ability to choose. 
Crash Course Philosophy did a video on categorical imperatives if you want to check it out.
Hegel's chain of being begins with Things to consciousness (Which are objective phenomena) to Being-for-self to Absolute Spirit (Geist) (which are subjective). Hegel thought that before the Big Bang, there was pure spirit that was shattered by the Big Bang into shards of self-consciousness that exhibit themselves in humans. 
Where does Hegel believe our personalities come from if we were part of a pure spirit? Is there a finite number of people in the universe? 
Hegel believes that eventually, all shards of Absolute Spirit will recombine. He thinks that there is no such thing as the universal without the particular.