Friday, March 10, 2017

European Literature Notes 3/10/17


Important Information/Homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple
Read "the Wall"
Mark the text!
The Impromptu essay is next Thursday! 

Existentialism: the philosophy based on the idea that man's existence precedes essence.
Mind-body dualism is essential to understanding existentialism.
Bracketing is the act of designating something invaluable to oneself 
The specific experience of one person is the universal experience of humanity in existentialism
The Anguish of Abraham is a term referring to commitment and the anguish that comes with committing oneself to a decision.
Existentialism proposes that what is good for one person to do is good for all mankind.
That's very Non Aristotelian 
Why am I here? Is the existential question
Where did I come from?
What happens after I die?
The Golden Questions
Existentialism thinks that we need to do more than just be authentic but act on our authenticity.
Existentialism rejects logic and reasoning as the only way to understand the world
Søren Kierkegaard was a Christian existentialist who wrote about the "leap to faith"
Fear and Trembling by Søren Kierkegaard
Existentialist think that we create value rather than there being things that value
Nihilist philosophy says that there is nothing of value
Man is self-surpassing
If being human means suffering, what happens if/when we surpass suffering?
Existentialists defies categorization
So, existentialists are also hipsters? Haha!  
Man wants to be as solid as an object

Honors 9 Notes 3/10/17

Class Notes: 3/10/17
            Write:   Symbolism paragraph

If anyone wants to join Mia, Jimmy and I’s honors group chat, let me know through instagram and I’ll add you. Fair w

-       Pg. 120: It is easy when you are beaten, I never realized how easy it is- this is his moment of weakness, allusion to Jesus, he wants to give up but then he realized the importance of never giving up and the fact that he wasn’t beaten
-       Pg. 121 He picks up the mast, and carries it. Allusion to Jesus again, when Jesus carried his own crucifix through the town
-       Pg. 122 Manolin saw Santiago’s hand (allusion to Jesus again) and began crying, He saw how much he’s suffered and now he is a man
-       Pg. 123 why does Hemmingway have Manolin catch two fish?
-       Pg. 125 “Now we fish together again” he doesn’t care what his family says and he is a man
-       Pg. 125 “I still have much to learn” about what it means to be a man, Manolin wants Santiago to teach him about life and mind over matter
-       Pg. 126 The tourists are symbols of ignorance, they are foil. A lesser character that has a difference from the main character that points out something important of the main character. All the tourists see is the object
Why do we only go into Santiago’s mind?
Because of the umwelt
By doubting the mind we affirm it exits
The only way we can prove someone else’s mind exists is through love. He loves the boy and he misses the boy.
When he saw the lions he was Manolin’s age, it shows that even though he is dying and physically decrepit. He is dying happily and young of spirit
      IF you follow this philosophy of life you will die happily as well

To Find the Theme ask the following questions:

1.    What changes
a.     Manolin becomes a man
2.    What Makes it change
a.     He sees Santiago’s suffering
-       Santiago doesn’t change
This is highly unusual
3.    Why does the author have it change that way
a.     Man can be destroyed but not defeated: as long as he never gives up

Exterior vs. Interior Conflict:
-       External conflict: He is struggling to catch the fish, the exterior antagonist is the sea
-       Internal conflict: Can he suffer and not give up
The internal conflict resolves the external conflict 99% of the time, but not in this novel.
There is rising and falling action, and he is successful in overcoming the pain and suffering. The external conflict resolution is unsuccessful.
A MAN CAN BE DESTROYED BUT NOT DEFEATED
(He is physically defeated, but mentally capable)
  
Symbolism Paragraph:
Worth 50 pts.,

-       Body Paragraph Formation:
o   Transition:
o    TS:
o    DO NOT JUST SAY AND DO NOT JUST GIVE EXAMPLES
o   Santiago, Joe DiMaggio and Manolin are already being used in the class, you have to find new symbols
o   Your focus is on the theme, bring every example of a symbol you use and bring it back to the symbol

o   I.e. This is how he uses lions

Class Notes: 3/9/17

-->
Class Notes: 3/10/17
            Write:   Symbolism paragraph

If anyone wants to join Mia, Jimmy and I’s honors group chat, let me know through instagram and I’ll add you. Fair warning: We make a lot of bad memes
Symbolism
-       Pg. 120: It is easy when you are beaten, I never realized how easy it is- this is his moment of weakness, allusion to Jesus, he wants to give up but then he realized the importance of never giving up and the fact that he wasn’t beaten
-       Pg. 121 He picks up the mast, and carries it. Allusion to Jesus again, when Jesus carried his own crucifix through the town
-       Pg. 122 Manolin saw Santiago’s hand (allusion to Jesus again) and began crying, He saw how much he’s suffered and now he is a man
-       Pg. 123 why does Hemmingway have Manolin catch two fish?
-       Pg. 125 “Now we fish together again” he doesn’t care what his family says and he is a man
-       Pg. 125 “I still have much to learn” about what it means to be a man, Manolin wants Santiago to teach him about life and mind over matter
-       Pg. 126 The tourists are symbols of ignorance, they are foil. A lesser character that has a difference from the main character that points out something important of the main character. All the tourists see is the object
Why do we only go into Santiago’s mind?
Because of the umwelt
By doubting the mind we affirm it exits
The only way we can prove someone else’s mind exists is through love. He loves the boy and he misses the boy.
When he saw the lions he was Manolin’s age, it shows that even though he is dying and physically decrepit. He is dying happily and young of spirit
      IF you follow this philosophy of life you will die happily as well

To Find the Theme ask the following questions:

1.    What changes
a.     Manolin becomes a man
2.    What Makes it change
a.     He sees Santiago’s suffering
-       Santiago doesn’t change
This is highly unusual
3.    Why does the author have it change that way
a.     Man can be destroyed but not defeated: as long as he never gives up

Exterior vs. Interior Conflict:
-       External conflict: He is struggling to catch the fish, the exterior antagonist is the sea
-       Internal conflict: Can he suffer and not give up
The internal conflict resolves the external conflict 99% of the time, but not in this novel.
There is rising and falling action, and he is successful in overcoming the pain and suffering. The external conflict resolution is unsuccessful.
A MAN CAN BE DESTROYED BUT NOT DEFEATED
(He is physically defeated, but mentally capable)
  
Symbolism Paragraph:
Worth 50 pts.,

-       Body Paragraph Formation:
o   Transition:
o    TS:
o    DO NOT JUST SAY AND DO NOT JUST GIVE EXAMPLES
o   Santiago, Joe DiMaggio and Manolin are already being used in the class, you have to find new symbols
o   Your focus is on the theme, bring every example of a symbol you use and bring it back to the symbol
o   I.e. This is how he uses lions

European Literature Notes 3/10/17

Important Information/Homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple

Read "the Wall"

Mark the text!

The Impromptu essay is next Thursday! 

Existentialism: the philosophy based on the idea that man's existence precedes essence.
Mind-body dualism is essential to understanding existentialism.
Bracketing is the act of designating something invaluable to oneself 
The specific experience of one person is the universal experience of humanity in existentialism
The Anguish of Abraham is a term referring to commitment and the anguish that comes with committing oneself to a decision.
Existentialism proposes that what is good for one person to do is good for all mankind.
That's very Non Aristotelian 
Why am I here? Is the existential question
Where did I come from?
What happens after I die?
The Golden Questions
Existentialism thinks that we need to do more than just be authentic but act on our authenticity.
Existentialism rejects logic and reasoning as the only way to understand the world
Søren Kierkegaard was a Christian existentialist who wrote about the "leap to faith"
Fear and Trembling by Søren Kierkegaard
Existentialist think that we create value rather than there being things that value
Nihilist philosophy says that there is nothing of value
Man is self-surpassing
If being human means suffering, what happens if/when we surpass suffering?
Existentialists defies categorization
So, existentialists are also hipsters? Haha!  
Man wants to be as solid as an object

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Honors English Notes: 3/9/17

Class Notes: 3/9/17
            Reread: Old Man as needed
            Read: Joe D hand out
            Write: Brief expl of symbols

There’s no (hemming)WAY I’m going to come up with a funny joke today

 Second Half of OLD MAN AND THE SEA:
-       Pg. 48: “To help me and to see this” Old man wants Manolin with him so Manolin can see what it take to be a man, Santiago wants Manolin to see his suffering
-       Pg. 48:  “Then he began to pity the great fish”
o   What makes the fish and Joe D great? Joe makes the difference, he’s the key player, not only physically, but he is the spirit of the team, he is the inspiration for the rest of the team to strive for excellence. The fish also has arête, it wants to be the greatest Marlin it can be. Jesus is also symbolic of this theme, pain doesn’t matter to a man
o   This book transcends mere naturalism, which is extreme objectivism, What transcends matter is subjectivity, a mind not just a brain, but subjectivity is isolated. Existentialism is established in old man and sea because:
§  Umwelt: the around world, objective matter, nature
§  Eigenwelt: Ones own world, the world of the mind, self consciousness
§  Mitwelt: all being, the over soul, supreme being, higher being, with, rare moments in life where we can share moments of subjectivity with others love
o   He wants to pass on his mentality, theme, to Manolin; he can pass on his philosophy of life through love. This gives meaning to his life, it immortalizes him
-       Pg. 50 “IT had been necessary to make a choice” He exceeds his grasp and tries to reach the fish
-       Pg. 51 “I wish I had the boy”
-       Pg. 52 “He can not pull the skiff forever”
-       Pg. 52 “Ill stay with you until I’m dead” Resolution
-       PG. 53 bird represents that all thing passes
-       Pg. 54 Why does his left hand cramp? Because we are right handed we put more will into our right hand than we do our left. Our left hand has less self-consciousness. Will power  and mind over matter.
-       Pg. 58 Rigor Mortis is the stiffness that sits in after death
-       Pg. 61 “I hate a cramp it is a treachery of ones own body” it is humiliating even when he is alone, because he is self conscious
-       Pg. 63, This is the best fish he’s ever hooked and he’s old, and his “hand was still as tight as the gripped hand of an eagle”
-       Pg. 64 “He settled comfortably into his suffering “
-       Pg. 64 “Although he didn’t admit to suffering at all”
-       Pg. 66 “I told the boy I was a strange old man, now is when I must prove it” you have to prove things over and over again and the past doesn’t matter
-        Pg. 67 “If you aren’t tired fish, you must be very strange”
-       Pg. 68 “unless the sharks come” He knows the sharks are coming, he knows the struggle he’s going to be facing
-       Pg. 71 “His left hand is a traitor” Because he couldn’t put his will into it
-       Pg. 81 “and he was happy” those lions make him happy
-       A lot of great books are written around our age because this is the age where we become men and women: It doesn’t matter how many years we live as an object its how we treat those objects
-       Pg. 84 “then our work begins”
-       Pg. 84 “Pain doesn’t matter to a man”
-       Pg. 85 “There was a moment when I could not find you” we have to doubt everything in order to know we are real
-       Pg. 88 “I must hold his pain where it is” I can control my pain but his could drive him mad
-       Pg. 92 “Keep your head clear and know how to suffer like a man”
-       Pg. 101 “His head was clear and good now but he had little hope” We learn from tragedy that were all born losers. Its how we take losing that makes us who we are.  Santiago knows the sharks are coming
-       Pg.  103 “But man is not made for defeat”  A man can be destroyed but not defeated” so long as he never gives up
-       Pg. 107 allusion for Jesus
-       Pg. 116 He committed ate by going to far out, the bounds set for him by the universe is not god, it is nature, mans reach should exceed his grasp, we are meant to out step the boundaries set for us
-       Pg. 119 The old man can hardly breathe now and feels a pain in his chest, he had a heart attack

-       Pg. 120 the moment of last temptation “Bed is my friend, just bed… bed will be great thing. It is easy when you are beaten” Next he thinks what beat me, the answer is nothing he just went out too far