Thursday, May 25, 2017

EuroLit Homework 5/25

Read: Chapter 5 of Demian

Homework/Important information in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
All quotes, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple

Lots of kinds of alienation: personal, societal, etc.
Personal alienation is when represses the darker parts of oneself
The last episode of the Star Wars: The Clone Wars "Sacrifice" deals with this concept. You can find it on Netflix. Highly recommended by the resident Star Wars nerd.
Myth and Reality by Mircea Eliade talks about how we have to separate time into special time and regular time. Christmas or Hanukkah or Ramadan, for example, feels different than the middle of January. 
Most people only experience a total rebirth of oneself once, during their growing up and puberty.
Do religious converts experience a total rebirth?
Wishing to go back to the past can rob one of present happiness
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald   
Naturalist philosophy postulates that the world is uncaring and cold to our existence.  
Emil integrates the darkness of Franz Kromer.
Confirmation takes place at roughly the same time as puberty to adopt one into the society as an adult. It could be interpreted as a way to integrate someone into the herd. 
Emil believes in coincidence during childhood but does not any longer. He believes in synchronicity.
Intentionality: the belief that subjectivity can influence the objective world
Down the Rabbit's Hole
What the Bleep Do We Know About Anything?    
Demian identifies with the thief that did not ask for salvation on the cross  
Integrity: Remaining true to oneself 
Integrity can also mean doing the right thing when no one is watching. This isn't existential integrity, but it is a sense of integrity. 
Commitment: Risk death to maintain integrity to authenticity 
The Unrepentant Theif is an example of existential commitment

How to Build a Fire Notes 5/25

The Hero is a tragic hero, naturalist hero, and an existentialist hero.
Theme: If we’re going to push the bounds of the universe, we must not have too much hubris, or we will fail.
Anargnorsis-  “The old timer was right, he saw it a moment of controlled despair.”(177)

The dog howling-we don’t understand nature

apply what you learned from the theme by giving a specific example (essay, nuclear power plant)
comparison-old man and the sea (but don’t make it simple) how existential hero differs. Hemingway says mind ver matter. London does not. Mitvelt, Eigenvelt, umvelt Santiago has mitvelt. Why is the man alone? How do we overcome mortality? Santiago passes on his philosophy. But everything will end. All things matter pass us away. What does it matter? It’s how you deal with what you’re dealt. Kamu and Sisyphus. Love it anyways.

We don’t know because we can’t go into the dog’s mind because the dog doesn’t have a mind. We don’t know nature
“leaped and danced lovely, dark, and deep in the cold sky” nature doesn’t care if you have self consciousness or not.
“it’s instinct told a truer tale than the man’s judgement” (169) “Deep crypts of its being” (171)
“Comfortably” Shows hubris.
“smiled...keep your head” Hubris again
“ Eager nose that thrust itself aggressively into the frosty air” (168) His hubris is shown by the narrator through this diction.

What changes: the man dies
In what way: The man doesn’t realize that he is also a body. “the temperature did not matter” The man was so confident in his ability to build a fire. He didn’t realize that imagination is more important.
Pro: man/mankind
Ant: cold/nature “the cold of space”
Ext con Question: Can he survive?
Int con: Can the man realize that he is also an object? Can he realize that mind over matter doesn’t work with hubris? Can he avoid having hubris?
Setting: Alaska in the winter. Really cold. The harshest part of nature that there is.
Exposition: He is the newcomer.

- The time for him to get the place
- The distance
- The light
- Hunger
All external and objective things, just like the old man and the sea
Internal complications- Doesn’t listen to the old man’s advice and lacks imagination. Also he is lazy.
Climax- When the man built the fire underneath the tree
“It was his own fault, he should have built the fire under the spruce tree...”(175)
External conflict Resolution: No he can survive because he is lazy and lacks imagination
Internal Conflict Resolution: No he can not avoid having hubris, believing that his body can not be overtaken by nature, causing him to die.

“He chuckled at his foolishness” (172)
“He pictured his boys finding his body” (181)
“He found himself with them” (page number)
“entertained in his mind” (179)
“When he got back to the States” (179?)
“one must not be too sure of things” Says that but is still being too sure of things.
“remote from his body and from him” (?)
“The wires were down between his fingers and him”
“Try as he could, he could not clutch it..”(176) mind over matter

“The dead fingers could neither clutch or stretch...” (176)  We are also objects and we can not just build with our mind.

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

EuroLit Homework

Read: Chapter 3 of Demian
& "The Repentant Thief"

Important notes/homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Any quotations, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple

Demian continually slaps Emil on the shoulder repeatedly.
Is this significant?
East of Eden by John Steinbeck
Demian interprets the story of Cain and Abel as someone who is different from the herd and is pushed out.
Demian is interested in the coat of arms of a bird that is over Emil's doorway and has been painted over. The bird plays into the controlling image of the eggs.
Is it possible that the bird represents freedom and that, because it is painted over, it is in bondage?
Emil has half an Oedipal complex
Kromer represents the Shadow in Emil's life
Both Kromer and Demian are from the Dionysian world.
Nietzsche postulated that man decides what is good and evil


Fire 5-24

How did we feel?
Dog doesn’t panic
Dog is sad
Does the dog care?
Sad that the fire provider died

Exits his body and has a transcendal experience
OMATS- Old man had similar experience
Transcending physical pain
“Deep sleep”
accepting death
Man can’t escape nature because man is nature
Man realizes this

Does the man have instinct?
Yes, but he has lost much of it
We are a patt of nature
We are beings that can die
All things can die
Our hamartia
What makes us breaks up

Dog doesn’t have a mind, just a brain
Goes back to where the fire and food providers are after man dies

Why does the dog howl?
Extention of nature
“without any visible or temperamental difference from its brother.” (167)
The dog is not different from the wild wolf

Why does the man die but the dog?
The dog doesn’t have hubris or ate

We don’t understand nature
Don’t have too much hubris when you don’t understand nature

Protagonist- The man
Antagonist- nature
Ext Con Q- Can he build a fire and survive?
Int con q- can the man avoid his hubris?
What must he have instead of hubris?
Setting- The Yukon Trail, Dead of winter
Bc nature is at its roughest
Exposition- “fifty degrees below zero”
He’s a newcomer!!
Ignores the advice from the Old Timer from Sulfur Creek
Ignores it bc of hubris
 Builds the fire under the pruce tree
Because of hubris

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Demian Discussion

Important notes/homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Any quotations, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Thomas Mann thought there were four parts to the self: the persona that everyone and the self knows, the part that the self knows, the part that everyone else knows, and the part that no one knows.
"Knowing oneself is knowing the part that no one knows" 
How are we supposed to throw off societal expectations if our psychological well-being depends upon our sense of acceptance by others as postulated by Maslow? Are we supposed to have a continually broken psyche so that we can be individuals?
The main character's name is Emil Sinclair, the pseudonym for Herman Hesse
Emil Sinclair and Jane Eyre are both ten at the beginning of the novel
Is that significant?
Damien is a detached autobiography and a bildungsroman
An epigraph is a short inscription or a passage that hints at deeper meaning. In many cases, this is at the beginning of a book
John Dos Pasos was a member of the Lost Generation who was one of the first to use epigraphs and short quotations at the beginning of chapters. Orson Scott Card did the same in Speaker for the Dead (Highly recommended)
An epitaph is something written on a gravestone 
An epigram is often a "witty" heroic couplet 
Crushed Beneath the Wheel by Herman Hesse
Hesse wanted to be honest in his writing
The controlling image of Damien is the egg.
A controlling image is a literary device where an image is repeated throughout a novel
Emil wanted the Prodigal to remain the Prodigal
He wanted to be accepted by Franz and his friends
The "two realms" are the Apollonian and Dionysian 
Starts in the light of the known world and then goes in to the darkness of the unknown world
The external antagonist is the herd
The internal antagonist is fear

EuroLit Homework

Read: Chapter 2 of Demian & "Cain and Abel" Handout
POP QUIZ ? ! ? !

Honors Homework

(like seriously, read it.)

Fire Discussion 5/23

Literary periods
Romantic-not realistic
Realism-Mark Twain (opposite of romanticism)
Naturalism-further than realism Man vs Nature. nature always wins. Everything is an object. objective (that which is outside the mind. Things)
Existentialism- the polar opposite of naturalism Stopping in the Woods on a Snowy Evening. Transcendental eye. Transcends nature. A dog has consciousness. It is not aware that it has that awareness. Humans have self consciousness. Subjectivity-everything inside the mind. (opposite of objectivity) Doubt everything. Doubt is negation. How real is everything? What is the Podium 15 million years from now? Does it even exist? Does my body exist? But my mind exists because my mind is doing the question. I think therefore I am. MIND BODY DUALISM. Existence precedes essence for humans. For everything else essence precedes existence.

3rd person limited. It has to be that way? Why? We can’t go into the dog’s mind. The dog doesn’t have self consciousness. (My little horse) The dog is a foil because it doesn’t have a mind. “There was no sharp consciousness”

“possibly” (one sixty something)
“possibly” (172)

    “Excuses it to himself” There’s nobody there. He’s embarrassed by stopping. he looks at a watch.
    “man’s place in the universe” “Fifty below” Using the man as a negative example. The man doesn’t have and imagination and that is why he dies. The dog survives because it has instinct. Man does not have instinct. The dog depends on instinct. The man depends on fire.(knowledge) The man does not have imagination. The man needed the imagination so that he could have imagined his own death.
    Doesn’t know where to stop with arete. Our essence is being more. Man’s reach should exceed his grasp. We need to be self surpassing. The proper function of man is to live not to exist.
    We draw the limits for ourselves. We can push them as long as we don’t have hubris. Why does the man have hubris? The man can’t imagine his own death. He can’t imagine his own failure. Why not? Mind over matter. MIND BODY DUALITY!!!! Knows his mind will live on. Doesn’t listen to physical limits because he can’t see himself as a physical being!!! “but the temperature did not matter”

Monday, May 22, 2017

FIre 5-22

Homeric Pattern
Arete-  He wants to go further than other people
“Turned aside from the main ... trail” (167)
Hubris- ignorant of the weather
“He had laughed at him at the time” (172)
“Any man who is a man” (174)
“The weather did not matter” (?)
Ate- going out alone
“Any man who was a man could travel alone” (174)
“Turned aside from the main ... trail” (167)
“The old timer at Sulfur Creek was right” (177)
“He should not have build the fire under the spruce tree” (175)
“You were right, old hoss; you were right” (180)
“If he only had a trail mate” (175)
Nemesis- he died
“Caught the scent of death” (181)
Homeric hero, tragic hero, naturalist hero, existential hero
Robert Browning- Man’s reach should exceed his grasp
            Else, why is there heaven?
Why do we have Arete?
to get excellence
Fame is the closest to immortality we have
How does it compare to OMATS
“Pain does not matter to a man” (OMATS)
“The temperature does not matter”
Don’t mess with nature

What changes?
He was alive and now he’s dead
What makes it change?
His hubris
Why did the author have it change like this?
Wants to show that nature is overarching
In what way does it change?
He could not build a fire

Hamartia- What makes them breaks them
He’s proud of his intelligence
Figured out he killed his father
his arete
Man vs nature

Man= mankind
Cold= nature
To Build A Fire= survival
Fire= knowledge

Dog is a foil
Born to survive in wilderness
man was not