Wednesday, April 25, 2018
English 9 Honors The Flash Notes 04/25/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Flash multiple times and know the material well. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite the essay as needed! • What changes? o “I” has the flash. o “I” loses the flash. o “I” regrets losing the flash and wants the flash back. • What makes it change? o Having the flash: “It happened” suddenly, in an instant. “I” has an epiphany. • “I” is a social being, “desperate” to share this new understanding with others. o Losing the flash: the crowd makes “I” lose the flash when trying to share with others, as the crowd intimidates “I” out of the flash with their questions of “So?” • “Sized me up” • The crowd rejects the idea that their world is wrong • The crowd is scared of new ideas and change, because they are happy with the way things are currently. “All is as it should be.” • The crowd doesn’t want others getting ahead of society and being better than the rest of the people in the world. • The crowd is “Angry” at “I” for even suggesting that something might be wrong with the way things are in the world. o Hoping to regain the flash: having “the hope” that “I” will have the same understanding of nothing. • The narrator regrets being intimidated out of the flash, even when apologizing for suggesting to others that the world around them is wrong. • “Instinctively I’m filled with the hope” that the flash will come back to “I”. • The emotion in paragraph seven is hope that “I” “instinctively” has to experience that understanding of nothing. • “I” now believes that conforming to society is not something to do, and wishes to have that flash again even if society will despise that insight. • “I” acts as a positive and negative example of the theme, as “I” loses the flash out of intimidation by society’s influence but also learns from that experience and wishes to have the same understanding as before. o “I” learns from the mistake they make by being intimidated into conformity. • Plot: o Protagonist: “I” o Antagonist: The crowd (symbolic of society) o External conflict question: Can “I” keep and share the flash? o Setting: A crossroads in a street, in the middle of a crowd that is “coming and going” • The story must be in the street to inspire “I” to have the flash, and to intimidate “I” out of keeping the flash. • The story is set at a crossroads to represent the choice that must be made by “I” between allowing the flash to be lost out of intimidation or to hold onto that insight and share it with others. o Internal conflict question: Will “I” be able to avoid being scared out of having and sharing the flash of insight inspired by the crowd? o Exposition: • “I’d never realized before” • “Accepted… Accepted” o Climax: “I said nothing” “The laugh died in my throat… Ashamed” • “I” anticipates that the crowd will not accept the flash, and that they will ask “so?” • “The laugh died in my throat… Ashamed” o Denouement: “I” has learned from the past and become a positive example of the theme, and will not conform the next time the flash happens. • Irony: o Ironically, before the crowd can even intimidate “I” out of the flash, “I” loses the flash out of herd mentality: “My great revelation had been as it were, swallowed up again”. • “I” loses the flash before the crowd gets a chance, as “The laugh died” in the throat of “I” and “I blushed, ashamed”. • While we fear alienation because of our existence as social beings, being liked by others inspires us. • The speaker is tormented by the inability to share the flash with others. • Diction/refrain: o “Accepted” represents the speaker’s conformity to the world around them. o “I” says “I’m sorry” twice out of intimidation from the crab-bucket mentality of the crowd. • Point of view: first person o The point of view allows the reader to experience the flash as well by providing a recounting of the experiences and emotions felt by the speaker. o The reader is able to feel the same feelings as the speaker does during and after the flash, and by feeling those feelings, we are able to feel the theme. • Those feelings are more immediately felt, as we are able to make ourselves the “I” in the story. • “I” is meant to represent everyone who reads the story. o “I” is genderless, ageless, and undefined. o Although having the story be in first person can make the narrator unreliable, Calvino is able to characterize the speaker and the story more effectively.
Tuesday, April 24, 2018
English 9 Honors The Flash Notes 04/24/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Flash multiple times. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite the essay segments as needed. • How we feel, a review: o We feel loneliness because no one around the speaker listens to the speaker. o Confusion towards the positive nature and negative nature of the speaker’s knowledge of nothing. • The confusion of the speaker seems to be between both negative and positive. • Negative: “It tormented me…” “This did not calm me down…” The having of the epiphany, but the inability to share it with others torments the speaker. o Humans want to be liked and want to share with others, but the speaker cannot share the flash with others and so conforms to the crowd in order to have a mutual understanding. • The speaker wants society to see the flaws in the society itself. • The speaker seeks the mutual understanding of nothing with those around him. o The speaker does not want to be an outlier. • Positive: The speaker laughs, because they understand nothing. • A comes back to A: o What changes? • The speaker gets the flash. “It happened” suddenly, at the very beginning of the story. • “I” loses the flash. “My great revelation had been as it were, swallowed up again…” • The flash could have happened before, and disappeared before. • “I” wants the flash back again. • I sees I’s self. o What makes it change? • Society makes the speaker have the flash, and forget the flash, as the speaker’s flash happened “in the middle of a crowd”. • Society is afraid of the unknown, and is happy with what they have already. Ignorance is bliss, and the crowd does not want the world around them to be questioned. o The crowd employs crab-bucket mentality, asking the speaker: “‘so?’” “’I’m sorry… I’m sorry’” • The flash happens in the middle of a crowd, because the speaker is desperate to help others understand the flash. o We are social beings, and we want to better society by sharing our ideas with others. • The speaker laughs when he experiences the flash. • The speaker questions himself, and loses the flash by • Out of a desire to surpass his self, the speaker learns from his mistakes, and regrets letting go of the flash, hoping that he can find it again. o In what way does it change? • The flash happens suddenly, in much the same way as an epiphany. • The speaker begins to question the world around him: “until then I had accepted everything” o Why does the author have it change this way? • Plot: o Protagonist: The speaker, “I”. • “I” is the individual. o Antagonist: “Crowd”, or society. o Conflict: The individual vs. society. Or is it? • Big picture thinking: o The key word of the story is “instinctively”, as it indicates that it is part of human nature to want to know our selves. • Knowing nothing is tied to our self-surpassing nature. • The confusion and desire to experience the flash again is part of human nature, a desire to know everything about our selves. o The crossroads in the story is a symbol of decision-making, similar to the crossroads in Oedipus. • The speaker has an epiphany, but the society around him prevents him from expanding upon that epiphany. • The speaker wants to experience the understanding of nothing, as the knowledge of nothing is freedom. o The people around the speaker think everything is fine, as shown by their believing everything around them is proper. • The speaker has to make the decision between letting conforming to society’s worldview or pursuing the understanding of nothing. o “I blushed, ashamed…” o The speaker questions if he is the one in the wrong, indicating that he conforms to society. o The people around the speaker shut down the speaker out of a desire to maintain the norm and prevent the transcending of what they know. o The speaker chooses to be shut down by society, listening to the disbelief in his flash of insight. • “The laugh died in my throat…” the speaker realizes that he should not have let himself forget the flash. • “Hope…” “I shall grasp….” • The speaker’s identity is unknown, and is representative of the individual.
Monday, April 23, 2018
English 9 Honors The Flash Notes 04/23/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Flash multiple times and know the material well. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite as needed. o A • Inveigle: 1) to win over by wiles; entice. 2) to acquire by ingenuity or flattery; wangle. • Writing advice: o Do not begin sentences with words such as but, because, etc. • Words and phrases such as however, on the other hand, and consequentially, can be used to join one sentence with the preceding sentence. o A clincher sentence should end the explanation of the paragraph’s topic and tie back to the original thesis statement without simply repeating the thesis statement. o The title of the story (and the intro paragraph in a full Monty essay) should fit in with what you touch on in the conclusion paragraph. • Mitleid: The German term for pity, or “suffering with” others. • The Flash notes: • Calvino was a fabulist, and The Flash is a didactic allegory. • Magical realism: When things happen that defy the laws of physics within a real-world setting. • How does Calvino’s story make us feel? o Unsettled, suspicious of our surroundings and searching for something wrong. o We feel strange that the speaker wants to experience the flash of knowing nothing again. o We feel odd at the instantaneous nature of the flash o We feel loneliness because no one around the speaker listens to the speaker. o We feel confused about the enlightenment that the speaker experiences. • The speaker cannot explain what he experienced fully. • If everything is wrong, what is right? • The confusion seems to be somewhere between positive and negative for the reader. • The speaker experience negative and positive confusion: “it tormented me…” “Hope…” We feel that the speaker is “desperate” to explain the experience. • The speaker has had an epiphany and is desperate to experience that epiphany once more. • The story of Siddhartha shares similarities to the flash as both Siddhartha and the speaker in The Flash have an epiphany, and how others cannot share that epiphany. o We feel lost about the ideas that the speaker has, and how the speaker says that everything around them is wrong. o We feel like the understanding of nothing allows the understanding of everything. o What does it mean to question everything? • Didactic allegory: A simple story with a more complicated meaning.
Thursday, April 19, 2018
English 9 Honors The Man Who Had No Eyes Notes 04/19/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Man Who Had No Eyes multiple times and know the material well. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite your essays, giving yourself only 60 minutes to write. o Write, print, and bring a physical copy of your thesis opinion and topic sentences. • We learn from the plot analysis that the denouement is the reader’s lessons learned after reading the story. • The external conflict resolution is Mr. Parsons’ response of “So am I”, revealing Parsons’ blindness. • Because Mr. Parsons was able to not rely on pity, he is able to move on from the past and become successful. o In contrast, Markwardt relies solely on pity, resulting in his inability to move on from the past and become successful like Mr. Parsons. • We feel the theme due to the author inveigling the readers to Mr. Parsons’ blindness. o While we are blind to the whole reality of the story, we feel pity for Markwardt and annoyance towards Mr. Parsons. • You cannot simply have an opinion in your essay; you must be able to prove that opinion when doing the big-picture thinking. • Diction: o “Blind” and “Beggar” uses the trustworthy third-person omniscient narrator to give us information that then leads to us pitying Markwardt as a natural response. o “Traditional battered cane” gives the image of an old cane that cannot be replaced due to Markwardt’s poor financial situation, evoking the reader’s pity. o “’I ain’t no beggar’” shows how Markwardt is less well-spoken and more uncouth. o Markwardt states that Mr. Parsons would not mind “’helping a poor guy out’”. o Markwardt tries to appeal to other’s pity, and make himself out to not be a bad guy in spite of what he has done in the past. • “’I try to forgive him in my heart’” o The “insane sort of pride” in Markwardt’s storytelling shows how little sense it makes to choose not to reach for success in the face of one’s handicaps. o “Wheedled” is to persuade someone by flattery or deceit. o Parsons has an “immaculate” suit, meaning his suit is perfect. We naturally don’t like perfect people since we think they are better than us, and the hyperbole of “immaculate” makes us disgruntled with Mr. Parsons. • Plot: o Setting: Fourteen years after the explosion on a street outside. • The time shows the consequences of the internal conflict resolutions of the protagonists. • The place allows other to observe the protagonist’s exchange, which leads to Markwardt’s appeals for pity falling on deaf ears. o Protagonists: Markwardt and Mr. Parsons o Antagonist: The protagonist’s blindness (their predetermined handicaps) o External conflict question: o Internal conflict question: Can the two men move on, avoiding self-pity and relying on pity? o Internal conflict resolution: • Parsons: successful, evidenced by Parsons feeling “a sudden foolish pity for all blind creatures” and asking if Markwardt has lost his sight “entirely”. • The title, A Man Who Had No Eyes, implies that, even though there are two blind men in the story, Mr. Parsons does not see himself as blind. o The title refers to Mr. Parsons, as he “had” no eyes, but has moved on. • Markwardt: unsuccessful, evidenced by “A man who was in it don’t forget” and “helping a poor guy out”. • Character: o What changes? • Our opinion on Markwardt and Mr. Parsons. o In what way does it change? • We go from pitying Markwardt and being annoyed at Mr. Parsons to disliking Markwardt for relying on pity, and we respect Mr. Parsons for being able to move on from the past and reach for success. • The third-person omniscient narrator purposefully makes us blind to Parsons’ blindness o What makes it change? • Learning of Mr. Parsons’ blindness. o Why does the author have it change this way? • In order to show us that we should not rely on pity or have pity for others, as pity will hold us back from success. • Symbolism: o Blindness: • Markwardt: Does not move on from the past, because he has lost his sight “entirely”. • Parsons: Parsons only “had” no eyes, but has moved on from the past. o Handicap: • Markwardt: Something that holds him back. • Parsons: Uses the handicaps to his advantage. o Insurance: • Markwardt: Sees insurance as something that he should have had. • Parsons: Sells insurance in order to help others who experience the same events as him. o The items the characters sell: • Markwardt: Sells cigarettes, an item that harms other’s health. • Parsons: Sells insurance, something that helps others recover and move on from accidents. o The items the characters use to walk: • Markwardt: “traditional battered cane” • Parsons: “Walking stick” o The Character’s outfits: • Markwardt: Greasy clothing • Parsons: Immaculate suit • Conclusion: o We can compare Markwardt to George from Harrison Bergeron. o Do not just state an opinion, give some kind of big-picture thinking on the story. • Parsons shows Markwardt pity by giving Markwardt a “half-dollar”, making Markwardt think that Parsons “might have more half-dollars”. • Some things may be out of our control, yet we still have the freedom to choose what to do with our predetermined fates. o Another conflict that arises from this paradox of predetermination vs. free will is that of freedom vs. happiness, or in other words, ignorance is bliss. o We choose not to be free because we see the choice of happiness to be easier at the cost of the freedom we get from paying attention to the world and knowing thing. His having “struggled” to be successful implies Mr. Parsons’ difficulties experienced in trying to be free. • Doing the same thing that we have been doing for a long time feels more comfortable. Markwardt • If Markwardt tried and failed to strive for success and failed, he would have had to accept responsibility for his failures. o Markwardt’s “’I ain’t no beggar’” and “’I would’ve been well took care of’” shows the contrast between Markwardt’s lack of education and Mr. Parsons’ being an educated gentleman. • Markwardt may have had control over the explosion, as he could have lit a cigarette that ignited the chemicals in the explosion. • Dialogue: o The way Markwardt talks compared to the way Mr. Parsons talks signifies that Markwardt is not educated and Mr. Parsons is. o “I ain’t no beggar”, “I would have been well took care of” etc.
Wednesday, April 18, 2018
English 9 Honors The Man Who Had No Eyes Notes 04/18/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Man Who Had No Eyes multiple times. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite your essay paragraphs as needed. • We start by pitying Markwardt and being annoyed towards Mr. Parsons, but our perspective changes and we do not pity him when we learn that Mr. Parsons is blind as well, and that Markwardt had tried to leave Mr. Parsons for dead in order to escape. • We should not pity others, because it does not help them move on from the past. • We first see Mr. Parsons as a more haughty person, evidenced by him being “somewhat annoyed and embarrassed” • Diction: o “Embarassed” gives off a feeling of rudeness in Mr. Parsons towards Markwardt due to being visibly put off by Markwardt. o “Annoyed”: Mr. Parsons seems like a stuck-up person, who sees Markwardt in a condescending manner. • The reader wants Mr. Parsons to pity Markwardt. o “Reminiscence” helps show that markwardt has not forgotten the chemical explosion. o “Sudden” shows that we have a natural impulse to pity those similar to Markwardt. o “Foolish” Indicates that we are holding Markwardt and other beggars back by pitying them. o Markwardt’s pride in his story of the explosion is “Insane” because he has taken pride in an event that he cannot change. • It seems crazy to pride oneself in something that elicits pity. • The predetermination of Mr. Parsons and Markwardt is the blindness form the chemical explosion. o Blindness is a form of handicap. o The chemical explosion is outside of the protagonist’s control. Or is it? o Both Markwardt and Mr. Parsons were given the same predetermined fate to be blind, but they both dealt with that fate in different ways. • The difference between the two characters is that Markwardt depends on pity in himself and others while Mr. Parsons does not depend on pity. • The story takes place fourteen years after the chemical explosion. o Markwardt still pities himself even after fourteen years, because he is still stuck in the tragedy of the past, and has not moved on. • Markwardt has “an insane sort of pride” in the tragedy of his past, using • The full theme: Do not pity yourself or others, and move on from the past. o “Ah, yes…” indicates that Mr. Parsons has forgotten about the chemical explosion. • What changes? o Our view on Mr. Parsons and Markwardt changes. • In what way does it change? o We go from pitying Markwardt to regarding Markwardt as someone not deserving of our pity. o We are blind to Parsons’ blindness as well, by having the third-person omniscient narrator shroud Mr. Parsons’ blindness until he says, “So am I”. • What makes it change? o We find out that Mr. Parsons is blind as well, when he states, “So am I”. • We have evidence that Mr. Parsons is blind. o Mr. Parsons does not see Markwardt approach, but hears the approach. o “Successful, respected… and… done it alone…” “Struggling beneath his handicaps” • This passage shows that Mr. Parsons is successful without pitying himself. • There is a paradox in Markwardt’s and Parsons’ predetermination. • Mr. Parsons feels a “sudden and foolish pity for blind creatures” because he does not see himself as blind, having moved on from the past explosion. • The imagery of the day in the story helps show the contrast between Mr. Parsons and Markwardt. • Plot: o Protagonists: Markwardt and Mr. Parsons o External conflict question: Can Parsons and Markwardt overcome their blindness and be successful? o External conflict antagonist: The blindness (The handicap) o Setting: Fourteen years after the explosion, on the street outside. • The time setting shows how Markwardt has not moved on from the past, and see the consequences that result in his dependence on pity. • The story takes place on the street outside because people look and stare at the two blind men when Mr. Parsons catches Markwardt’s lies. In response, Markwardt tries to appeal to the pity of those around him, but fails. o Exposition: Markwardt is “a beggar… a blind beggar”. Parsons is a respected, unaided businessman. o Complications in the rising action: o Climax: Markwardt cannot overcome his self-pity, while Mr. Parsons is able to move on from the past. o Internal conflict question: Can Mr. Parsons and Markwardt overcome their self-pity? o Internal conflict resolution: • Markwardt fails his internal conflict question by asking if Mr. Parsons would not mind “helping a poor guy out”. Markwardt has not moved on, saying that people in the explosion “Don’t forget”. • Mr. Parsons has moved on, saying “ah yes” when he is told of the explosion that he was a part of but since became successful businessman and has forgotten about the accident. o External conflict resolution: “So am I” reveals that Mr. Parsons is blind and managed to become successful. o Denouement: Our own lessons learned from the story.
Monday, April 16, 2018
English 9 Honors A Man Who Had No Eyes Notes 04/16/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read A Man Who Had No Eyes. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite as needed. • Writing advice: o You cannot just say things in your essay. Explain the statements and examples you use to prove the thesis opinion. o Remember that in formal writing, one must not use second or first person when writing. o As a formal writer, one cannot use contractions such as “don’t” or “can’t” unless directly quoting the material. o For use in topic sentences: The reasons for character and plot are what happen in the story. o It is okay to ask rhetorical questions in the essays, but is not necessary. • A Man Who Had No Eyes • How the story made us feel: o We feel a kind of pity for the blind man, but humored at the end because the other man was also blind. o We feel mad that Markwardt made himself out to be the victim when he held others back in the escape. o We felt encouraged by Mr. Parsons not letting his blindness hold him back and striving for success. o We feel satisfied that Markwardt got what was coming to him for hurting others for personal gain but ending up being hurt in the end. o We feel surprised that Mr. Parsons is blind, even though both him and Markwardt came out of the same situation and they both ended up on opposite ends of life. • Markwardt is wrapped up in his disability and tries to get pity from others, wallowing in self-pity. However, Mr. Parsons does not express the same self-pity, and becomes a successful businessman. o Markwardt’s belief that Mr. Parsons died shows how Markwardt left Mr. Parsons behind whilst expecting Parson’s death. o The story shows a division between the go-getter mentality and a mentality of self-pity. o How do we feel about Markwardt after learning about his actions towards Mr. parsons? How do we feel before learning about Markwardt’s actions towards Mr. Parsons? • We feel like Markwardt is an awful person, and are filled with disgust and disappointment towards his selfish actions and self-pity. • We feel like Markwardt got what he deserved for trying to kill Mr. Parsons to escape. • We feel angry that Markwardt pushed Mr. Parsons down and tried to escape without harm, only to end up blinded anyways. • At the beginning of the story, we feel bad for Markwardt because of his blindness, but we begin to feel annoyed and disinterested in Markwardt’s self-pitying requests for charity. • At the end of the story, we feel that Markwardt is a bad person for his actions in the past in combination with his self-pity. • We stop feeling sorry for Markwardt, because we see that he did not move on and wallowed in his self-pity, becoming a beggar. o We feel happy for Mr. Parsons for being willing and able to move on and succeed in life. o We see a comparison between predetermination versus free will, with both Markwardt and Parsons being predetermined to be blind. • Parsons chose to change his fate, not letting his blindness prevent him from becoming a businessman.