Thursday, June 7, 2018

Today's assignment for EuroLit:

  • Nothingness
Toady's assignment for English 9 Honors:

  • Study for the 210pt test on "The Lord of the Flies"

  • Remember to read the afterword.

    • "The Lord of the Flies" Notes
      • We feel the fear of Ralph during the chase.
      • Golding is trying to say that human nature is controlled by herd mentality, fear, and instinct despite our formation of civilization.
      • There are many ways of approaching literature analysis, from feminist to post-colonialist to Marxist. We use the New-school approach.
      • Golding is trying to tell us what makes things go wrong.
        • The ancient, unknowable part of ourselves.
        • Golding wants us to know ourselves, and know of our possibility of evil.
        • "In front of Simon, the Lord of the Flies hung on his stick... His gaze was held by that ancient and unescapable recognition..."
      • If the island was made up of only girls, would the same things happen?
        • We are all humans, we all have a dark side and that dark side could show regardless of our gender.
        • Golding believes that we all have the id.
      • The book was first published in 1956, and men held much more power over the world.
      • We question how likely the events in the story are in a real situation.
      • Freud says that we have a "Thanatos drive" within us, that we just like to do evil things.
      • Piggy dies and the conch is broken, destroying the boy's order.
      • "Roger looked at him bravely... Roger edged past the chief, only just avoiding pushing him with his shoulder..."
        • Roger likes to inflict pain on others; he is a sadist.
      • Ralph is the better leader, because he knows his weaknesses and listens to others.
        • It's possible that neither Ralph nor Jack are better leaders, because Piggy gives the ideas that Ralph uses in his leadership.
        • What makes a leader?
        • Ralph has more boys in the beginning. They still have the hope of getting off the island, they still have the veneer of civilization, Ralph represents a more civilized leadership, and he acts on the good ideas of others.
        • Ralph may never have had the boys truly following him, as he lacked the ability to truly hold the boy's loyalty and had to incorporate Jack's desires into the society even at the cost of order.
        • Ralph gives the boys hope, but hope doesn't fill bellies. Jack gives the boys meat and food.
        • The boys follow Jack in the end because he provides food, fun, fear of being attacked, rituals, and happiness.
        • Perhaps combining aspects of all the boys and their ideas would create an ideal form of leadership, if they work in harmony and balance.
        • Jack could be the best leader, because he gives the boy the only way to survive.
      • We cannot demonize the aspects of ourselves, as we need them all in life.

      Wednesday, June 6, 2018

      Today's assignment for EuroLit:

      • Review for the Existentialism essay!
      Today's assignment for English 9 Honors:

      • Read "The Lord of the Flies" chapters 10-12.
      "The Lord of the Flies" Notes
      • The final, for 210 points will consist of:
        • 10 items of matching characters
        • 20 multiple choice questions on the nuts and bolts of the novel.
      • We see the relationship between the boys fall apart even more, working against their chances of rescue.
      • The boys are not taking very good care of the six-year olds, even joking about killing them.
        • The boys are becoming more and more separated from the civilization they came from, and taking a more "every man for themselves" mentality.
      • Ralph says that he will "'be sucking my thumb next.'", indicating that he is under stress, foreshadowing an issue he will encounter in the future, and how he is becoming more instinctive due to nervousness and stress.
        • Ralph is subconsciously allowing himself to be controlled by his fear.
        • Ralph is reverting back to a more infantile stage.
        • Golding has included this segment in the novel to remind us that we have descended from animals, and showing how imperfect humanity can be by nature.
        • Ralph has the self-consciousness to realize that he is reverting back into an infantile mentality.
      • Golding makes the boys young so that the veneer of civilization that the boys are conditioned into is thin and peels away easily, making the boys more barbaric.
      • Jack's leadership creates rituals, making the boy assume a persona and conform to the herd mentality of the hunters.
      • Ralph is symbolic of the ego, the part of our minds that makes decisions.
      • The Id (Jack) is the oldest, most animalistic part of ourselves that wants immediate gratification and will kill in order to get that gratification.
      • The Superego is the part of us that tells us what we should not do, represented by Piggy.
      • The Sea is symbolic of the barrier between the boys and civilization.
      • Simon is symbolic of our logical sides, searching for the truth in our beliefs.
        • Simon is different, and sort of "batty".
        • Simon has probably been called batty before.
      • Jack makes the boys follow him out of fear for punishment, as well as his promises of fun and meat.
      • The parachutist landing on the island serves as a projection of the boy's fear, particularly the fear of the unknown.
        • Additionally, it reminds readers that the outside world exists, and that there is probably a war going on currently.
      • Jack challenges Ralph's authority because Jack has been insulted, and Jack leaves the group of boys. "Now we've really got the beast, though."(126)
      • The boys leave a gift for the beast, the pig's head.
      • Jack now serves the role a the beast, being capable of doing something that will terrorize the group of boys.
      • Jack tells Roger to sharpen the stick at both ends. "The forest was very still... They listened... They looked suddenly furtive... 'This head if for the beast. It's a gift.'" (137)
      • "'Run away,' said the head silently..." "The Lord of the Flies hung on his stick and grinned... His gaze was held by that ancient and inescapable recognition" of evil.
      • Ralph admits to Piggy that sometimes, even he does not maintain the fire.
      • "What makes things break up like this?" 
        • If we let ourselves succumb to our own human nature like Jack, then society will break into chaos as we think only of ourselves and our pleasure.
      • Jack "was safe from shame or self-consciousness behind his mask..."
      • "The group of boys looked at the white shell in affectionate respect... He turned towards the platform, feeling the need for ritual..."
      • "You knew, didn't you? I'm part of you... I'm the reason it's no go..."
      • Simon is epileptic, making him different from others, not of the herd since childhood.
        • Simon has already seen his own death, knowing that he will not survive until Ralph and the other boys are rescued.
      • The 'chutist eventually winds up going back to the sea, and Simon does as well.
      • During Jack's tribe's dance, Simon breaks out of the forest into their formation, being chased by the boys who now see him as prey.
        • "Simon's dead body moved out towards the open sea..."
        • The boys were so caught up in their own personas former in the ritual that they both knew and yet did not know they were chasing Simon.

      Tuesday, June 5, 2018

      ·      Today’s assignment for EuroLit:
      o   Read and answer study guide for Heidegger.
      ·      Today’s assignment for English 9 Honors:
      o   Read “The Lord of the Flies” chapters 7-9, pages 101-142.

      "The Lord of the Flies" Notes

      ·      The boys are beginning to become disagreeable, resisting Ralph’s orders.
      ·      Golding is more of a Hobbs-type thinker, believing that the world is dog-eat-dog.
      ·      Ralph has become more likable.
      ·      What is significant about the second hunt compared to the first hunt?
      o   The first hunt lacked preparation for killing the pig, but the boys were ready for catching and killing the pig in the second hunt.
      o   The boys are more organized under Jack’s authority.
      o   Jack puts pressure on himself to find and catch the pig.
      o   The chapter title, “Painted Faces and Long Hair” indicates that the boys have been on the island for a long time.
      o   Jack’s painting of his face indicates that he is turning himself into a different, more animalistic version of himself.
      §  “No longer at himself, but at an awesome stranger”(63-64).
      §  Jack’s painted face is symbolic of his persona, the fake self that is displayed to others.
      §  Page 64: Jack’s painted face, or mask, is what allows him to kill the pig.
      ·      How does Jack keep his group?
      o   The group has a desirable goal of procuring meat, and promises the fun in the hunt.
      o   The boys are also intimidated by Jack’s punishment if they do not follow him.
      ·      The boys are losing the thin veneer of civilization, becoming more animalistic as time passes.
      ·      Golding characterizes Roger as “…Roger’s arm was conditioned by a civilization that knew nothing of him or was ruined…”(62).
      ·      Piggy’s role as Ralph’s second hand becomes
      o   Piggy is an outsider, and the other boys do not respect him due to his appearance and his accent.
      §  The boys do not let Piggy talk when he has the conch.
      §  Jack attacks piggy when he echoes Ralph’s anger at letting the fire go out.
      ·      Jack and Ralph grow farther apart because Jack doesn’t do what Ralph wishes.
      o   Ralph prioritizes rescue, while Jack prioritizes
      ·      Jack breaks Piggy’s glasses by punching him, displaying crab-bucket mentality by ruining the method with which the boys can find rescue.
      ·      Simon is more on Ralph’s side, being calmer and an outsider.
      o   “You would, would you fatty… Passion beat about Simon on the mountaintop with awful wings…”(71).
      o   “Unwillingly, Ralph felt his lips twitch. He was angry with himself for giving way.”(71).
      §  Ralph is angry at his schadenfreude.
      §  Can Ralph overcome the dark and animalistic part of himself that he shares with Jack?
      ·      Does this internal conflict question make Jack the antagonist?
      ·      The characters could be symbolic of the different parts of our minds. 
      ·      What are the differences between Ralph and Piggy? (Page 78)
      ·      The discussion of the “beastie” serves to show the fear of the unknown that the boys have.
      o   The beastie is a projection of the boy’s fear.
      o   “There is no beast in the forest… The whole assembly applauded with... relief…”
      o   Piggy acts as the superego, Jack acts as the id, and Ralph acts as the ego, deciding between the two.
      o   “I know there is no beast… But I know there isn’t no fear, either… Unless we get frightened of people… Maybe there is a beast.” (89).
      §  “…In his effort to express mankind’s… Illness…”(89).
      ·      Simon realizes that the boys might start turning on each other, given time.
      §  “What is a face?”(82)
      o   Everyone is afraid of Jack, and it is possible that he could be the beast.
      ·      Simon could represent our self-consciousness.
      ·      Ralph appeals to the boys by promising an idea of order and legitimate power.
      o   Jack appeals to the boys by promising meat, strength, and fun.

      ·      If ralph does not blow the conch, he is still the leader, because it is untested. However, if he blows the conch and no one comes, then he cannot be the leader because no one follows him.

      Monday, June 4, 2018

      Today's assignment for EuroLit:

      • Read and answer the study guide questions for "The Guest" and "The Myth of Sisyphus" by Camus.
      Today's assignment for English 9 Honors:

      • Read "The Lord of the Flies" chapters 1-3, pages 53-100.

      "The Lord of the Flies" Notes
      • What do we think so far?
        • We feel uneasy about the future of the story, even though the kids feel that things will be alright.
        • We see how the kid's society lacks structure and is likely to fall apart.
        • We thought it was interesting how the dynamics between the boys reflects our society, with strong leaders being followed by everyone else.
        • We think Ralph's emotional intelligence is remarkable, particularly when dealing with Piggy.
          • We admire how Ralph chooses a way of both being kind to Piggy and insulting him in order to keep the order among the boys.
          • Piggy has myopia (bad eyesight), asthma (blocked airways), and is overweight.
          • Piggy is disliked because the boys are jealous of Piggy's intelligence.
        • We do not like Ralph because he thinks he should be leader, having a god complex and believing he is above others.
        • We feel that Piggy is going to be killed first, because everyone is already beginning to turn on him.
      • The story is a didactic allegory: A story with a deeper symbolic meaning.
      • Why is the story set on an island. Why?
        • Forces the children into their human instincts, isolating them from society.
        • The island is symbolic of the world, acting as a microcosm (little world).
        • "No man is an island..."
      • Why does the author have only boys on the island?
        • In society, men and boys are expected to be more animalistic and more impulsive.
        • Symbolic of a patriarchy.
      • Why does Golding have boys of this age on the island?
        • Young boys aren't mature yet, having little control over their emotions and morals.
        • The boys are forced to act like adults, but they lack the societal conditioning to restrict their human nature.
        • without a society to give them morals, the boys show our true nature.
      • Who is the protagonist?
        • Ralph (?)
          • External conflict question: Will the boys survive and get rescued?
          • External conflict antagonist: The world, nature, the beast, and/or Jack.
          • Internal conflict question: 
      • Jack and the beast could be symbolic of the darker side of human nature, our fear and ambition.
      • How do the boys make decisions?
        • They take a popular vote. 
      • Why does Jack think he should be leader?
        • He is the head of the choir, and he thinks he should be the head of the boys.
      • Why does the choir vote for Jack?
        • It is implied that Jack strikes fear into the choir boys that not voting for him will lead to them being punished.
          • That fear is similar to the fear seen in Night.
      • What does Ralph offer the boys?
        • Rescue, hope.
      • What does Jack offer?
        • Order, safety.
      • What does Jack imply as a consequence for breaking the rules?
        • Punishment.
      • What does the beast symbolize?
        • Fear of the unknown.
      • What is the point of view?
        • Third-person omniscient, able to go into the minds of everyone.
      • How does the author characterize Ralph on page 8?
        • "The fair boy... There was a mildness about his mouth and eyes that proclaimed no devil."
      • How does the author characterize Piggy on page 8-9?
        • "He picked his way casually... The fat boy... clasped his hands in apprehension..."
      • Jack on page 20?
        • "He was tall, thin and bony... His face was... ugly without silliness."
      • Simon?
        • "Simon was burned by the sun..."
      • What is the conch symbolic of?
        • Power, order, justice... Of which, it embodies order the most.
        • Symbolic of civilization.
      • What does the choir become?
        • Hunters.
          • The becoming of hunters is ironic due to hunters being more violent and brutish, while choirs are generally been as peaceful and more refined.

      Friday, June 1, 2018

      Today's assignment for EuroLit:

      • Read "The Wall" by Sartre.
      • Read and answer study guide questions for "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" by T. S. Eliot.
      Today's assignment for English 9 Honors:

      • Read "The Lord of the Flies" chapters 1-3, pages 5-52.

      Thursday, May 31, 2018

      Today's assignment for English 9 Honors:

      • Review characters, vocabulary, and entire book, "Night" for 150pt final.

      Wednesday, May 30, 2018

      Today's assignment for EuroLit:

      • Read "The Death of Ivan Ilych"
      • Answer study guide questions, due Thursday.
      Today's assignment for English 9 Honors:

      • Read "Night" pages 81-109
      • Answer Study guide questions.