Wednesday, June 14, 2017


For the test:
Know all the characters and what they exactly they do throughout the book

Ending sad because they cause all of these problems and then they were just saved, and only then did they realize that what they did was wrong.
It can relate to real life where we make bad decisions and only when its over do we realize what we did was bad.

Kinda funny how the ending as so abrupt. They went form chasing people through the woods and trying to kill Ralph, to seeing a ship and crying.

Kinda like the episode of Twilight zone where everyone was trying to kill each other because they thought they were bombed, and then realizing that it was just a satellite.
Ironic because by burning down the forest to find Ralph attracted the ship that saved them.
We only get our shit together when we are on the brink of catastrophe.

They killed Simon, but they kept lying to themselves that Simon’s body is the monster and they have finally killed it.
- Jack is the person that instills the fear of the beast, allowing him to gain control of the group through their fear. Jack maintains his leadership through giving them immediate gratification.

The naval officer that found the boy was very astonished by the boys when he saw them. He at first though that they were playing a game of war, but then realizes that they were not playing but were at war with their savage nature. 
“ He staggered to his feet...”(200)

We all allow our fear of the unknown to control us, bringing out our savage nature, leading us to the brink of catastrophe.
We all need to gnothi seaton(know ourselves) so that we are able to overcome our human nature and be able to be the self-surpassing humans that we are meant to be. But if we do not known ourselves and know our fears, we will allow our savage nature to overcome and bring us even closer to chaos and destruction.

- We are all at war with ourselves, and we need to overcome our human nature so that we can be self-surpassing and so that we can make the world around a better place


Naval Officer- He symbolizes an extraterrestrial of the island. He is there to save the boys from the island and also from their savage nature.
- In real life an extraterrestrial/god will not be coming down to save us from our human nature and our id. 

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Lord of the flies 6/13

The beast is the animalistic side in all of the boys ID
fear/fear of unknown. They don’t know themselves
Gnothi Seaton
Strangeworth needed to know herself in order to overcome her id.
Ralph is symbolic of humanity because he is the decision maker/ego
Ralph’s int Con Question: Can he overcome the Id/beast
Symbol for id: beast
Boys represent society
human nature: Jack because he doesn’t use information id
jack wants power so they can have fun. Ralph wants to have deferred gratification and get rescued. freedom vs. happiness
Simon- herd mentality? No. Opposite. Goes off by himself. Individual.
“What are grownups going to think” Piggy sounds like a parent. he is the superego.
“came from the beach... conch... fire” If ralph blows conch and no one comes is he the leader: Not really. If he doesn’t: Only leader in name
Gets boys back together. What does he want them to do: Build a fire to get rescued
“bitten down to the quick” he’s nervous. He is a child
sea is the barrier between them and civilization
parachute drives the fear also outside world is still out there
“We couldn’t kill it...conch...coward...jack mad” Why does jack leave? They still want Ralph
Symbolism of gift for the darkness: darkness is id. darkness can also be fear
jack is the beast
Simon- has epilepsy
Fire symbolic-knowledge
Double edged stick
fancy thinking the beast was something you could kill. I’m the reason it’s no go. The pigs head is the id.

Euro lit notes 3/10

Existentialism: The philosophy based on the idea that man’s existence precedes essence
Mind body dualism is essential to understanding existentialism
bracketing is the act of designating something invaluable to oneself
The specific experience of one person is the universal experience of humanity in existentialism
The anguish of Abraham is a term referring to commitment and the anguish that comes with committing oneself to a decision
existentialism proposes that what is good for one person to do is good for all mankind
That’s very non aristotelian
Why am i ere? is the existential question
Where did I come from
What happens after I die?
The golden questions
Existentialism thinks that we need to do more than just be authentic by act on our authenticity
Existentialism rejects logic and reasoning as the only way to understand the world
Søren Kierkegaard was a christian existentialist who wrote about the “leap of faith”
Fear and Trembling by Søren keirkegaard
Existentialist think that we create value rather than there being things that value Nihilist philosophy says that there is nothing of value
man is self surpassing
If being human means suffering, what happens if/when we surpass suffering
Existentialists defies categorization
So, existentialists are also hipsters? haha!
man wants to be as solid as an object

Euro lit notes 3/9

Dying vs. Death
dying is the process of coming to approach and face death
Death is whatever comes after this life, whether noting or an afterlife
Escape form Freedom y Erich Fromm
Ivan Ilych hates that everyone is pretending that he will get better
From an existential therapy standpoint, we each have an eigenwelt and we can connect with others, creating a mitwelt, through love.
Alfred Prufrock is indecisive, so he is true to himself, but he doesn’t have integrity
So, re we supposed to be true to ourselves if we are indecisive or are we to e decisive if it is not true to ourselves?
J. Alfred Prufrock is trying to get up the guts to ask a girl out.

Euro lit notes 3/8

Ivan Ilych is a story about alienation: Ivan Ilych becomes alienated from himself and his own life by the herd mentality.
Others treat Ivan like an object rather than a human. “inauthentically”
Stream of consciousness is a writing style where the writing acts as a conduit to express one’s thoughts. It’s messy.
The varieties of religious experience by William James
the herd=the participation mystique
The children in Ivan Ilych are not steeped in the participation mystique; they are more authentic than the adults.
None of the funeral goers showed compassion for Ivan or realized that they are going to die too
Ivan didn’t marry out of love, but out of societal expectations.
Remember Candide and Cunegonde?
Ivan took the easy way, which is the way that the participation mystique chose for him
Ivan doesn’t have an authentic life. He tries to keep up with appearances. Ivan dies from trying to keep up with appearances.

Monday, June 12, 2017

Do the boys need Piggy?
Apparently not
But they might not realize that they need him

Didactic allegory
Everything is symbolic
Conch= power/ authority
Boys= society
painted faces=persona
Why boys?
Patriarchy society
microcosms of society
Why boys of this age?
Old enough to have to have conditioning
not old enough to be stripped down from more time on island
Taboo= unwritten law
behave= positive reenforcement
don’t behave= neg reinforcement
Bell= food
Bell makes dog excited
dog was conditioned
Why are they on the island?
What is the significance of a persona
People can do stuff they wouldn’t normally do
Scarier than Jack

Thursday, June 8, 2017

EuroLit Homework 6/8

Read: Existentialism packet pp 393-396
Bigelow's "A Primer of Existentialism"
"Sartre: Existentialism"

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Eurolit Homework 6/7

Read: "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
Answer: study guide questions

Bean Trees June 7

What made the ending good?
Turtle singing the vegetable song

How was it?

Why was the second to last chapter titled that?

Is it relevant to today?

What is the last chapter called that?
It works with the bean trees
symbolic of family
Stayin Alive ah ah ah
You can be strong and have support

What is the main theme?
Helping others
Everyone only get to where they need by help from others

Why is she a nail biter?
Its a big decision to adopt a kid
She has sympathy for the people that she works with

Community is stronger together

How do we feel?
Like we want to help people

What changes?
Turtle didn’t have a mom, now she does
She was living with someone now she’s living with taylor
they didn’t know each other, now they do
Esperanza and Esteban were in danger now they’re not

Who is the protagonist

External Con Q
Can she be turtle’s mother?
Can she save E &E?
Can Turtle find her mother?
Ex Con Res.
Immigration was happening

What must Taylor do overcome in herself to make Sure E&E are safe?
CAn she make the decision?
What must she do to make the decision?
Have confidence

If you don’t do something to make the world better, you’re making it worse

“That just can’t be right... killed”
Taylor talkin to Estaban

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

Eurolit Homework

Read: "The Death of Ivan Ilych"
Answer: study guide questions

Important Information/Homework in red
Student Commentary in blue
Notes in black
Quotes, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple 
Notes on other subjects in orange
Remember the existential concepts: commitment, alienation, integrity, nothingness
Remember that we will be writing an impromptu essay about how existential thinkers compare over an existential concept. 
Dostoevsky and Tolstoy are opposites in tone
Dostoevsky was the Mark Twain of Russia
Alyosha is an Orthodox priest in training while Ivan is a college student
What is the big picture of the piece?
What happens when one confronts nothingness? It gives us freedom to be who we really are.
Hegel: "One must face death to achieve freedom"
Hegel thought that the course of history is towards the future of pure spirit. 
Dostoevsky almost never corrected his work. Independently came up with three of four of Nietzsche's tenets
Crime and Punishment
The Underground Man by Ross Macdonald
"To develop character is to make the reader understand what is the motivation for why a character says/does/feels what they do"
Suffering is one of the things that defines humanity
Dostoevsky is really good with revealing the "hidden evils" of a character
Resentment: reciprocating the bad that has happened to oneself towards others
The Absurd is an existential concept beyond this class that talks about the simultaneous difficulty and desire to find meaning in the world
Ivan is trying to understand why God allows suffering.
Remember those Crash Course videos about the problem of evil I've talked about? They're still there if you're interested. 

Bean Trees Discussion

Main theme: Freedom vs. Happiness
Ext Con. Questions: Can Taylor find a mother for Turtle? Can she get Esteban and Esperanza to a safe place?
Int. Con Question: Can Taylor
Immigration! (Build bridges not walls) (f*** Trump)

What is the story told to Esteban: You go to hell and it is the same room. Feeding. Helping each other be happy. (Mr. Stewart and the frozen french fry salesman. Big expectations-little happiness. little expectations-big happiness)
What is ironic about Esperanza’s name: Her name means hope ironic because she’s gone through so much (losing child, hiding because of immigration) Gives up hope when she tries to kill herself.
    How did she lose he child: People came to her village and took the children. They know the names of everyone in the union. Child held as ransom for the names.
    What are Esperanza’s feelings about how her child is still alive but will grow up under horrible people: Torn. Happy child is alive, but fears what her kid will turn into. Hopeless. Nothing she can do to get her back. Maybe it would be better for the kid to not be alive?
    In what sense does Turtle have to take practically everything on faith: That she won’t be hurt again. Really bad childhood and Taylor keeps on telling her that she won’t be hurt again.
    How does this idea relate to themes in the novel: Have to believe that things will be okay, otherwise there isn’t much of a point. Remain positive no matter what happens.
    How does the abuse of power relate to Virgie May, Esperanza, Esteban, etc: (motif is a message that is not the central message) Lu Anne can never look nice enough. Look like the standards set by men. Dad is still always around. Esteban and Esperanza-people in power put rules in place and don’t see how it effects people. Sees life black and white (stereotypes) Virgie May is Lu Anne and Taylor’s blind neighbor. So is mrs. Parsons. Doesn’t understand what the immigrants have been through. Sticks to her own ways. (wears red)
    What is the miracle of dog poop heart: Flowers come through dirt. Re birth. Good can come from bad situations.Flowers=hope. hope can come out of horrible situations.
    What do you think the cactus bird symbolizes: Someone dealing with what they’re deals. Flowers in tires. Turtle had survived.
    What do Turtle’s hidden scars symbolize: Her predetermined situation. Strength to push through and heal. You can’t know what someone has been through.
    “I guess it makes us feel safe” how: If you don’t deserve bad things, then you can’t get hurt. Easy to justify wrong if you have privilege.
    “Cigarette burns” “telephone”
    “Life can be hard in ways I never knew about”: Taylor. can’t believe what people in power can do. “It would be easier not to know” Ignorance is bliss. Guatemala in 80’s. (watch el Norte) El Salvador. Population rose up. Civil war against oligarchy. Nicaragua Sandinistas formed communist government. USA armed the contras. Secret wars. Ronald Reagan thought that there was a communist plot and that the people from El Salvador and Nicaragua were being aided by the Cubans. Mr. Stewart put on list to be investigated by US government. Body guard. It’s easier not to know. Better to inform yourself. “I was afraid to understand this”
    “They just held her. These children are adopted. You picked the lives of 17 people over getting your daughter back” What would you do: Can’t even think about a world where that would be possible. We live in that world.
    “my whole life had been running around on dumb luck and I hadn’t even noticed it”: Taylor. She has lived her whole life without knowing real pain. She didn’t realize how lucky and privileged she is.
    Making tough decisions. The poem about dead deer. Mr. stewart and the sheep.
    How are the bean trees a symbol: Bean trees go on faith and stick to things. Good triumphs over evil
    Explain nutter school: Where the kids have to go so that they can buy new clothes. They have the smell on their hands. Tough decision and classism. Abuse of power. Crab bucket. They will stick out either way.Empathy for people being oppressed.
    Dream angles. What was the trouble in the air: That someone was going to take them.
    What was the empty despair: Has Taylor fought back? not really.

Honors Homework

Read pages 200-146
Final on Thursday. 100 Points. Identify speaker, to whom they are speaking, and the significance.

Monday, June 5, 2017

Bean Trees Discussion

Congrats on surviving the Boot Camp!

The book is interesting! Wow! 
Protagonist-Taylor Rear
POV: 3rd person omniscient (kinda weird though)
Ext con: Can she escape from her life/crab bucket/herd mentality (the one to get away)
Ext. Antagonist: human nature (schadenfreude) 
Int. Antagonist: Lack of self esteem
Theme: How you deal with what you’re dealt

What were the two things that the mom said that characterize Taylor: She always expected the best and would be hard on her.
“The most amazing thing was the way the child held on” What is the significance: Trying to stay with the crowd
“there were bruises and worse” What happened: She was molested (sexual abuse)
Why is chapter two called ‘new year’s pig’: She was born Jan. 1
“because he was a mexican” What does the narrator add that explains prejudice: She had never seen one before. Dehumanize as other, you don’t see someone as an individual, you see them as a ‘type’. It is human nature to be afraid of the unknown.
What is chapter 3 titled: Jesus is lord 
Why do you think the narrative is a flashback: It makes is a detached autobiography (learns something)
How is it ironic that Taylor finds help at a tire shop: she was afraid of tires because a family got in an accident with tires/
is it interesting that flowers are growing in old tires: Yes to show that you can overcome fears. Relates to Turtle (persistence). Ms. Logan doesn’t like mexicans but she was mistaken.
What to purple bean vines symbolize: beautiful things can come from the unknown. Things can grow back. (relates to Turtle)
Who is Maddy: The owner 
How is she similar to Taylor’s mom: Believes that taylor can do it despite fears.
In what way is Taylor’s adoption of Turtle thematic and significant: How you deal with what you’re dealt. Taylor learns to live with Turtle. Ironic because she wants to not get pregnant/have a child and leave Kentucky. Learns to like her life. 
“Whatever you want the most is going to be the worst thing” how does that relate to Lu Anne: Like Oedipus. Perepatia 
What was the type for water: The water that Lu Anne’s grandmother brought to baptize her
What is the symbolic significance of Angel pouring it down the drain: Lu Anne can’t be perfect. He is revoking ownership of the child. 
Taylor has an interview with the ‘bean curd kids’ Describe their personality: Like people found in Eugene.
Why doesn’t she like Faye: Because she is better than her
What factors make Lu Anne and Taylor a good match: Both single mothers raised by single mothers from Kentucky. Have the same roots. Polar opposites. Taylor has too much confidence and Lu Anne doesn’t have any
Why is she afraid of the ice cube tray: Has been abused and the sound of the tray cracking is like being hit.
What new insights are given about Taylor’s feelings of men: Isn’t a fan. Feels uncomfortable.
What is next door to the tire store: An adult shop. He safe place is not completely safe.
Where is the door handle: Where her legs connect (the public school answer)

Live free or bust: Freedom vs. Happiness

Honors Homework

Read pages 158-199