Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/21/17

Class Notes: 2/21/17
            Romeo and Juliet Final tomorrow
            200 pts.
If Mr. Stewart says, “Writing is thinking on paper” one more time I will bite my thumb at him.

Denotation vs. Connotation: a symbol is something that is itself denotatively, connotatively is the suggested other meanings
            Ex. A skull is denotatively a skull, but connotatively could mean death
After we finish with poetry, we will read the old man and the sea, and then
Siddhartha, after this we will have a writers workshop

We went over the study guide answers for Act 5. Since almost all of us did the work already, I’m not going to re write the answers on here.
If anyone needs the answers they are welcome to come talk to me and get my study guide.

-       When the apothecary says “I consent with my poverty not with my will” this is an argument against free will
-       When Balthazar tells Romeo that Juliet is dead, Romeo says “I defy you stars”, stars represent destiny, he is fated to be with Juliet, he defies it an goes to be with Juliet
-       Why did Romeo go to Juliet’s grave? Because he wanted to be with her forever. Paris goes to her grave to pay his respects, but Romeo truly loves her
-       Paris is from the Iliad, he was hectors brother, he stole Helen and started the Trojan War. He never fights he just looks pretty
-       Romeo personifies death

European Literature 2/21/17

Important Information/Homework in red
Student Commentary in blue
Notes in black
Quotations, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Read Chapter 6  and "Jacob's Wrestling"

If you did poorly on today's quizzes, you will be tested tomorrow

Emil is more interested in subjective reality than objective reality
Emil's forbidden voices are forbidden from the herd and the super ego
Think of the Allegory of the Den and how the people chained themselves in the cave.
"The world is a matrix of relationships" that relates unto someone -Heidegger
Emil scorns the world and himself because he has become disillusioned with the herd
Tenet: major idea
Nietzsche's Five Tenets: 
The Transvaluation of All Values: man decides morality and value
Ubermensch: Superman or beyond man
Apollonian and Dyonesian worlds: the light and dark worlds  
The Will to Power: Intentionality 
Eternal Return to the Self Same: Imagine that time is eternal and eventually everything will repeat itself again.
There's an idea that you can look at on TedEd on YouTube about if you set monkeys on typewriters forever, eventually they would come out with all the works of William Shakespeare. 
Existentialism is a response to Naturalism
Psychological Realism is an approach/ style of novel writing focusing on the psychology of a character
Stream of Consciousness writing is coming up in such novels as Catcher in the Rye. It is writing that aims to capture thought processes.
Zoroaster thought that there was good and that there was evil and that depending on what one does precedes the afterlife.
Also the father of Zoroastrianism
Thus Spake Zarathustra and Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche
Emil is nihilistic because he's destroyed all of his values without creating any new ones. 
Emil is afraid of alienation
Jung thought that the unconscious could express itself through art. Like in Jane Eyre
Star 5 quotation on pg 70 regarding the daemon.
"You are the some total of your actions." 

Friday, February 17, 2017

Honors 9 Notes

Class Notes: 2/17/17
            Read: Romeo and Juliet
            Complete: Study guide for full Monty                            
            Wednesday is final
Argument Form:
-       Topic Sentence: Main reason
-       Transition
-       Quotation
-       Explanation
-       Transition
-       Explanation
-       End sentence

Notes for Re-Write of essay next week:
Stars: symbols for fate, destiny and pre determination
The fight was pre determined
-       It was a hot day
-       If they meet they would fight
-       It was outside of his control that they would meet at the cross roads at the same time

European Literature 2/17/17

Homework/Important information in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
All quotes, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple

Read Chapters 4-5 for Tuesday

Two Quizzes on Tuesday on what Stewart has said and Chapter 5

Lots of kinds of alienation: personal, societal, etc.
Personal alienation is when represses the darker parts of oneself
The last episode of the Star Wars: The Clone Wars "Sacrifice" deals with this concept. You can find it on Netflix. Highly recommended by the resident Star Wars nerd.
Myth and Reality by Mircea Eliade talks about how we have to separate time into special time and regular time. Christmas or Hanukkah or Ramadan, for example, feels different than the middle of January. 
Most people only experience a total rebirth of oneself once, during their growing up and puberty.
Do religious converts experience a total rebirth?
Wishing to go back to the past can rob one of present happiness
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald   
Naturalist philosophy postulates that the world is uncaring and cold to our existence.  
Emil integrates the darkness of Franz Kromer.
Confirmation takes place at roughly the same time as puberty to adopt one into the society as an adult. It could be interpreted as a way to integrate someone into the herd. 
Emil believes in coincidence during childhood but does not any longer. He believes in synchronicity.
Intentionality: the belief that subjectivity can influence the objective world
Down the Rabbit's Hole
What the Bleep Do We Know About Anything?    
Demian identifies with the thief that did not ask for salvation on the cross  
Integrity: Remaining true to oneself 
Integrity can also mean doing the right thing when no one is watching. This isn't existential integrity, but it is a sense of integrity. 
Commitment: Risk death to maintain integrity to authenticity 
The Unrepentant Theif is an example of existential commitment

Thursday, February 16, 2017

European Literature Notes 2/16/17

Important notes/homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Quotations, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple 

Reread Demian Chapter 3 

Know the Nuts and Bolts  

Good news! There's only one essay left for the class!
Sexual selection hints at the ability of animals to make choices. Like us. 
Intentionality: the ability of the mind to represent things in the objective world
Synchronicity: when things happen that coincide with prior events. Says that there is no thing as coincidence
How far can we go in understanding the nature of reality?
Keep an index of different philosopher's views regarding different existential topics with quotes to back up your claim. 
Alienation: Being apart from the herd and being an individual (p. 9, Chapter 2, and p. 52 have good quotes in Hesse's belief in this regard) 
If survival is determined by our ability to go along with the herd, why would it be in our best interest to alienate ourselves from the world? If our brains are hardwired to derive pleasure and happiness from fitting into the herd, why should we reject that physical reality in seeking to be alienated from the group? Does being an individual bring one closer to happiness?
Alienation brings with it freedom and responsibility for one's own actions
Sartre believes that everyone is condemned to make choices
Emil starts out denying or repressing the darker world
chthonic: dealing with the spirits in the Greek underworld 
Childhood brings with it innocence 
Obfuscate: cover up 
Ekstasis: to observe oneself transcendentally  

Class Notes: 2/16/17

So instead of class today we just had a debate about sexism! Whoops!
 This got heated. Yikes.
Read: Romeo and Juliet
            Act IV
            Complete: study guide
Final on Wednesday

In honor of our fun spirited discussion about systematic oppression, here is a sexist joke:

Q: Is Google male or female?
A: Female, because it doesn't let you finish a sentence before making a suggestion.

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Honors 9 Assignment

No Homework!

Act IV for Friday 

European Literature Notes 2/15/17

Important notes/homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Any quotations, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart Recommends in purple

Read Chapter 3 of Damien as well as "the Repentant Thief"

There will be a pop quiz at some point

Demian continually slaps Emil on the shoulder repeatedly.
Is this significant?
East of Eden by John Steinbeck
Demian interprets the story of Cain and Abel as someone who is different from the herd and is pushed out.
Demian is interested in the coat of arms of a bird that is over Emil's doorway and has been painted over. The bird plays into the controlling image of the eggs.
Is it possible that the bird represents freedom and that, because it is painted over, it is in bondage?
Emil has half an Oedipal complex
Kromer represents the Shadow in Emil's life
Both Kromer and Demian are from the Dionysian world. 
Nietzsche postulated that man decides what is good and evil

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Honors 9 Class Notes 2/14/17

            Read: Romeo and Juliet
            Act III
            Complete: study guide and vocab
How many period two honors English students does it take to screw in a light bulb?
0, it’s a metaphorical light bulb that symbolizes the pure genius that derives from the college bowls we have.

The Head Of the Essay
-       Title
-       Hook
-       Plant a big Picture seed
-       Answer the essay prompt clearly
The Body:
-       What are the reasons for your opinion
-       The more reasons the more paragraphs
The Feet:
-       Big picture thinking
-       Boil down main idea to one word

Romeo and Juliet College Bowl:
-       Augment: to increase
-       Choler: anger
-       Covert: secretive, hidden
-       Flourish: prosper, flower
-       Fortnight: two weeks
-       Jest: Joking
-       Nuptial: relating to marriage
-       Pernicious: angry, deadly, hateful
-       Portentous: foreboding
-        Posterity: future generations
-       Profane: vulgar
-       Semblance: appearance

Describe Juliet’s relationship with her mom:
Her parents play a large part in her decision-making, feels as if they don’t have a very tight relationship, reasoning:
-       Her mom does not care how Juliet feels about being married off
-       Her nurse breast fed her which makes her more of a mother figure
-       The nurses own child died so Juliet is a daughter figure
Page 37, line 65: quote that represents the nurses relationship with her mom
(Thanks Mia!)
Page 35, line 10 shows that the mom doesn’t even know how old the daughter is
Lady Capulet is rich, she has never had a real relationship with her daughter, while the nurse is the real mother figure
Is the Nurse well educated?
-       She can’t read this list of people attending the party, according to Mr. Stewart, the class thinks it was another character
-       The nurse is trailer trash (cash me ousside howbow dah) but she loves Juliet
Who is Queen Mab?
A fairy midwife who brings dreams to people, no bigger than a stone she drives around a wagon pulled by atoms
At this point in the class Stewart went on a long tangent about sir John fallstaff? Anyway I didn’t take notes because it seems a little off topic
Discretion is the better part of valor?
Being wise and not fighting is better than fighting and losing
What does this have to do with what we’re learning you ask? Well I have no idea
 What do Romeo and Juliet realize by the end of this act?
They come from opposing families and they are in a feud, they love each other.
She says the first man she loves is from the only family that she hates
 Why did Romeo hesitate to reveal himself?
She says “Oh Romeo, Romeo, why are you a Montague?”  Wherefore means why. Romeo overhears and his hesitant to reveal himself, this guy is a stalker, he is hiding in the bushes
What does Juliet say in her famous name speech?
She is saying why are you a Montague, your name is my enemy but I’m in love with you no matter your name.
Big Poetry Seed: the less you say the more you say because of the connotative possibilities of symbolism
Gertrude stein said that “a rose is a rose is a rose.”
Why is Juliet embarrassed that Romeo hears her speech?
She was professing her love and that’s very personal and private
What are Juliet’s fears?
She is afraid that because she fell for him so quickly and moving to RASHLY
She thinks her love isn’t worth much because she is so easily won
What do they plan to do the next day?
What is the Friars reaction?
He thinks they’re going to fast, he says gee the tears for Rosaline aren’t ever dry yet
He is worried that she isn’t truly in love with her vanity not her personality
He agrees to marry them anyway, why?

European Literature Notes 2/14/17

Happy Valentines Day!

Important notes/homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Any quotations, unless otherwise noted, are Stewart's
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Read Chapter 2 of Damien, "Cain and Abel" as well

Thomas Mann thought there were four parts to the self: the persona that everyone and the self knows, the part that the self knows, the part that everyone else knows, and the part that no one knows.
"Knowing oneself is knowing the part that no one knows" 
How are we supposed to throw off societal expectations if our psychological well-being depends upon our sense of acceptance by others as postulated by Maslow? Are we supposed to have a continually broken psyche so that we can be individuals?
The main character's name is Emil Sinclair, the pseudonym for Herman Hesse
Emil Sinclair and Jane Eyre are both ten at the beginning of the novel
Is that significant?
Damien is a detached autobiography and a bildungsroman
An epigraph is a short inscription or a passage that hints at deeper meaning. In many cases, this is at the beginning of a book
John Dos Pasos was a member of the Lost Generation who was one of the first to use epigraphs and short quotations at the beginning of chapters. Orson Scott Card did the same in Speaker for the Dead (Highly recommended)
An epitaph is something written on a gravestone 
An epigram is often a "witty" heroic couplet 
Crushed Beneath the Wheel by Herman Hesse
Hesse wanted to be honest in his writing
The controlling image of Damien is the egg.
A controlling image is a literary device where an image is repeated throughout a novel
Emil wanted the Prodigal to remain the Prodigal
He wanted to be accepted by Franz and his friends
The "two realms" are the Apollonian and Dionysian 
Starts in the light of the known world and then goes in to the darkness of the unknown world
The external antagonist is the herd
The internal antagonist is fear

Monday, February 13, 2017

Honors 9 Assignment 2/13/17

Read Act II of Romeo and Juliet

Complete Study Guide and Vocab Sheet

European Literature Notes 2/13/17

Important information/homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Read Chapter 1 of Damien 

Pop Quiz always possible 

Hegel influenced Nietzsche and Freud
Murmurations are a group of starlings that mimic the movements of the starlings around them in order to stick with the group and so increase their chances of survival. Some fish do the same thing.
Dream language is symbolic analysis. As such dreams can be interpreted through personal, cultural, and archetypal symbols. 
Jung's belief that the mind is predisposed to equilibrium and health is a precursor to the psychology of Maslow and others.
Norman O. Brown Life Against Death

Friday, February 10, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/10/17

Plato: For the greater good.  
Karl Marx: It was a historical inevitability.  
Machiavelli: So that its subjects will view it with admiration, as a chicken, which has the daring and courage to boldly cross the road, but also with fear, for whom among them has the strength to contend with such a paragon of avian virtue?  In such a manner is the             princely chicken's dominion maintained.
I don’t even know if this is a joke… but it made me laugh and it’s a good philosophy lesson- Luzia

            Read: Romeo and Juliet Act I
            Complete: Study Guide and vocab sheet- 1 or 2 will be collected for full points. They will be checked for 25 points.

College Bowl Oedipus Notes-
Pre determination vs. Free will: He avoids his fate and he ends up making his situation worse
-       He is a tragic hero because he doesn’t know himself and ends up in his fate because he doesn’t bring the dark parts to light
What is the symbol for “How you deal with that you’re dealt”
-       The cross roads, represent the decision he makes
-       He couldn’t control the fact that he was in the place and time with Laius but he could control how he reacted to being there
-       The cross roads represent the decisions you make that could change your life and we cant change those decisions if we aren’t aware how monumental they are GNOTHI SEATON
-       Part of the cross roads is you’re presented with the decision and you can chose to act on your emotions and do the more rational act
What are the five parts of a tragic hero?
Arête, hubris, anagnorisis, ate, nemesis
What is Oedipus noted for, what is the proof of his being a tragic hero?
His intelligence- his arête is being the best king of Thebes he can be. His hubris is “Solving the sphinx’s riddle, I didn’t need prophecy to tell me how- I did it with man’s intelligence!” Mankind can’t have so much hubris that they think that they can control everything.
-     We are all born losers. Tragedy is about suffering, Dionysus is the suffering god- We relate to Dionysus because we are beings who suffer. Suffering leads to enlightenment.  Humankind suffers- what makes us noble is how we take the loss.
When does Oedipus commit ate?
When he tries to change his fate.
-     “Man’s reach should exceed his grasp, else why is there a heaven?”- Robert Browning
-     The bounds of the gods are symbolic of the bounds we set upon ourselves- the fates are symbolic for things we cannot control, except how we deal with what we are dealt.
What is the moment of anagnorisis?
When he discovers that he is the murderer of Laius. He already knows he is the murderer, but he puts himself to light to help Thebes.
What is his nemesis?
He blinds himself
-       Because ignorance is bliss, freedom vs. happiness
-       We have the freedom, but we don’t want it, we don’t want to know the truth about ourselves because that comes with responsibility and alienation.
-       His nemesis is blinding himself so he cannot see what he loves- his daughter, his city, etc. He doesn’t want to see his shame (children, parents, city)
-       That is a symbol of repression- driving what is in the conscious mind into the subconscious. This is dangerous for yourself- you must GNOTHI SEATON.
What is the main symbol of the play?
He has eyes but he is blind to the truth about himself.  The play is symbolic of the hero’s journey, the journey of knowing yourself.

European Literature Notes 2/10/17

Important information & Homework in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends in purple

Read pages 1-6 of Jung packet

Vocab quiz on Jungian Vocabulary on Monday 

Hegel has a fusional view between Platonic and Aristotelian thought. Thought that there was something more than the material world and that the universe is in the individual instances of the thing. 
Hegel thinks that facing death is the way that people understand what makes a happy life. 
How ironic. In some cases, by the time an individual faces death, there isn't anything left for them to do to change their life and make their life happy. 
Investing one's being into one's work is the way to recognize one is self-conscious says Hegel.
Hegel says that the things that matter are the things that aren't matter (haha). The only things that matter are those things which last forever.
What are the things that last forever?
Homer has Hegel's thought implicit in it. After Achilles faces death, he becomes compassionate towards Priam. 
Marx took up Hegel's thought that work is the key to self-consciousness. Marxism is an ideology that supposes that in order to be self-conscious, the self must be annihilated in unity.
Nietzsche has the opposing viewpoint, that the self must be exalted to achieve self-consciousness.
The works of Karl Marx are the foundation for a divergent path of Western Philosophy.
The Beak of the Finch by Jonathan Weiner is an excellent book that illustrates how the process of evolution works. 
Jung adds the collective unconscious to the Freudian model of psychology
Hegel thinks that everything that has come before us is part of us. 
The Descent of Man by Charles Darwin