Friday, January 17, 2014

Reading Schedule for Jane Eyre


Jane Eyre Vocab (Chapters 1-24)



The Romantic Period Handout



The Rise of the Novel Handout



HW 1/17/14

Euro Lit:
Read Chapter 1-6 Jane Eyre ]
Quiz on Tuesday

Honors 9 English:
Complete Comma Worksheet 1-6
Read: "Siegfried" for nut's and bolts
Oral Quiz on Tuesday

Thursday, January 16, 2014

HW 1/16/14

Euro Lit: Bring Candide book to return and bring student ID

Honors 9: Continue to work on the 13th Labor of Heracles story at home

Wednesday, January 15, 2014

HW 1/15/14

Euro Lit: Continue to work on Candide essay at home

Honors 9: Continue to work on the 13th Labor of Heracles essay at home

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Honors 9 Notes 1/14/14

A comes back to A, but is no longer A.
  • What changes? (Usually the main character.)
  • What makes it change? (Leads to theme.)
The 13th Labor of Heracles
  • Tools:
    • action
    • dialogue (tone)
    • description (verbs, adjectives, use similes)
    • point of view (how you present the story)
    • exposition (who, where, what is the 13th labor, what is the conflict, protagonist, antagonist, reasons why)
    • thought
  • Have clever titles! The title needs to work together with the hook and the theme!
  • This narrative will be graded on:
    • conventions (spelling, capitalization, etc)
    • sentence fluency (variety)
    • organization (take a risk, but make it work)
    • ideas and content (imaginative, everything in it)
    • conclusion (don't let it just drop off)

13th Labor of Heracles Assignment


HW 1/14/14

Euro Lit: Pre-write Candide essay

Honors 9: Pre-write 13th Labor of Heracles story

Final Candide Discussion


-Our work keeps us from three evils: boredom, vice, and poverty
-120: Candide cuts him off: “I also know that we must cultivate our garden.”
-Pangloss BSes, Martin complains, and Candide tells them: “No; we must cultivateour garden.” And all made themselves useful.  
-What is the new paradigm? Cultivate your garden. Do something genuine besides what external pressures tell you: do what makes you happy not what other people tell you should make you happy
-The world is for the worst, so we have to cultivate our gardens to make it a better place.
-Tantamount means almost
-Don’t just complain
-After all the things that happened to him, it was his loss of money that made him the saddest
-El Dorado wasn’t going to make Candide happy
-What did Candide have to strive for there? There was nothing he could do there
            -He didn’t have Cunegande
-You can’t have the good without the bad, and El Dorado is only the good, so Candide can’t stay there because he will be too happy there
-El Dorado was a perfect place, but it wasn’t helping the rest of the world, so it was practically meaningless
            -The people in El Dorado are happy, but not free because they are ignorant
            -The best place in the world isn’t a place, it’s a mindset
-Candide couldn’t stay in El Dorado because it was perfect, and nowhere in the world is perfect; it wasn’t helping anyone
-Life isn’t about finding the answers, but looking for them
-Page 70, “If we go back to our world, we’ll be richer than all the kings.” He wants to be greater, more than equal.
-THEME
Don’t just complain: try to improve the world

-There are a lot of similarities to Aristotle in terms of how Voltaire views happiness
            i.e. happiness being a way of doing things
***It's hard work to be free and responsible, but it's the closest you'll ever come to true  
happiness.
-Also, you can’t just complain, so Voltaire deposits a philosophy
-A comes back to A, Candide changes his philosophy form stoical optimism to 
“Cultivate our garden.”
            -Candide changes because of experience
-Voltaire has him change that way because he believes that we must 
learn through experience
-Old man contents himself by sending the fruits of his garden to 
Constantinople
Constantinople represents the greater world; the whole of mankind
-“I content myself to have the fruits of my labor shipped to 
Constantinople.” 

-Candide’s paradigm is realism
Pangloss= optimism (stoical)
Martin= Pessimism (stoical)
El Dorado= idealism

  • -El Dorado represents idealism, and Voltaire has Candide leave El Dorado because this is the age of enlightenment and scientific discovery and reason; emphasizes aposteriori thinking
                -They had to experience the world before they could be happy there

garden= realism
                           
garden (in the sense of Candide’s statement)= personal world; society; y(our) community; ourselves/self; collaboration (brings fruit to fruition); one's immediate existence/experience

  • The garden represents where you work and gain real happiness and each character helps themselves as well as others (That’s the “our” part, implying that it’s something we all share); the garden represents your immediate world, the people just around you

    Garden is only 20 acres: if it was any bigger the old man would not be able to maintain it

    Fertilizer (shit) is necessary for cultivating a garden — the bad things that happen to you, suffering and struggling

    You have to get dirty; requires ambition, dedication, perseverance 

    Depend on the weather, the sun (things outside your control) --> fruit
Cultivate= (by the way a synonym is "develop") nurturing, encouraging things to grow/improve; soil, fertilizer, work

  • Cultivate represents that you must do all of this yourself (And with others (“our”)) , It keeps you occupied (not bored) (happy, not “happy”)
                            -Must be willing to change to keep on growing (happy)
                            -You have to weed and cut off deadheads to cultivate your garden

    Weeding v. thinning — planting more than what you need
    thinning= can’t deal with too much in the real world, accepting the impossibility of some ideals
“our”=
Fruit= people; ideas; individualism; "Your community is to bear fruit";

  • (Take care of oneself first, then others) Fruits represent people’s ideas and opinions and paradigms and what people have learned through their experience and how everyone makes themselves useful, etc., etc., etc.
    -There are a lot of things out of your control to be able to grow your fruits

    We have to send out fruits out into the world or we will never improve the world; that's why Constantinople is important: we have to pay attention to the outside world, we have to work and cultivate fruits and share them because otherwise we aren't doing anything, we are only staying in our little gated communities, ignorant of the outside world,ignoring the problems in the great big world
Constantinople= the whole world
         Garden is capitalized sometimes and othertimes not 

Voltaire is a precursor to existentialism
By rejecting optimism, Voltaire argues traditional conception of God (he is a deist)
            God is a spiritual essence that can be proved rationally
            Reason Voltaire criticizes superstition and blind faith
We need to use rational means to define our own existence and what we can do; happiness is a uniquely individual concept #personal
Religion keeps us static and stagnant, we stop questioning our own paradigms and stop changing

Because we have free will its up to us to affirm our own existence and decide what we believe happiness is to us and why we’re here at all
            Aristotle; subjective moderation
“Life is a species of productivity”, difference b/n theory and practice; you can’t just talk about something, you have to do it — life is an activity
What is happiness? It’s not a goal. It’s the life you lead, it’s the pursuit not where you end up, it’s the journey not the destination


Resisting societal pressures is hard: think about it, really think about it, what makes you happy? If you could do anything what would you do? If there was no one else on Earth, what would do? Society shapes our beliefs of happiness, isn’t that true?

Voltaire definitely tells us how not to be happy: how can there be concrete ways to not be happy if anything can make us happy?
People do things because society tells us to, not because we internally desire to do them; external/ulterior motives
Work encompasses everything you strive for, put effort into
If you love what you’re doing it’
*If you love what you’re doing you’re on the right track, if you don’t love what you’re doing you aren’t doing the right thing for you
***The only theory for happiness that really matters to you is your own



-Voltaire adds in the part where Pangloss says that “If you hadn’t done all this, you wouldn’t be here,” (119) to tell us that Candide wouldn’t be there, with his paradigm, without having experienced everything that he had
            -We have to experience reality to arrive at this philosophy
 (To have an applicable parallel, we are Zach’s fruits [and vegetables] and he is content to send us out into the world. Don’t just complain. Do something.)

All of this connects to freedom versus happiness (Really, everything relates to freedom versus happiness.) 
-The number one target of Voltaire’s satire isn’t satire, but fanaticism, “God save us from true believers.”
-“I do not agree with a word you just said, but I will give my life for you to be able to say it.” 

Is Voltaire happy now that he has found this new paradigm? Because now he knows what evils exist in the world. 
Mr. Stewart believes Voltaire is happier even though his eyes are opened. Do you?