Thursday, April 14, 2016

Friendship Notes 4/14

Friendship Notes 4/14

PRO ESSAY TIPS: Keep focus on the thesis! Don’t just say, explain! Type super duper fast! Have a catchy title and maybe put it in Latin or Greek, Stewart loves crap like that (just make sure to translate it to English somewhere). Have fun! Don’t take yourself too seriously!
  • Title: Can’t buy me love
  • Conclusion: 
    • For THIS essay only you can use “I” and bring in your own experiences, but don’t just state an opinion 
    • analyze the denouement, why does Traven make it short? 
  • Character: What changes analysis. How is character a positive or negative ex. of theme?
    • Frenchman: negative example, acted rashly 
  • Plot: Use sub-devices by name and in order. What happens is the theme in particular--abstract from particular to general theme
  • POV: 3rd person omniscient (reliability, 2-way street, to explain instinct vs nature). How does POV help convey theme?
  • Symbolism: How does connotation of symbols convey the theme?
  • Other devices: Foreshadowing, imagery, personification, refrain, suspense, overstatement, understatement, repetition. How does Traven use these devices to convey theme?
  • Diction: How does Traven use words/phrases to convey theme? 
  • Mood/Tone: How does Traven use mood/tone to convey theme?
  • Does the dog forgive the man?
No: he never comes back for good 
Yes: dog licks the man’s hand. Comes back twice. He loves and forgives the man but doesn’t trust him.
What is forgiveness???????????

  • Does the dog ever forgive the Frenchman?
    • Yes: “Licks for a whole minute” (182), the dog comes back twice, but then why does the dog leave?
    • No: the dog is a foil to Bertha
  • PLOT:
    • Protagonist: Frenchman and dog
    • External conflict question: Can they become and stay friends? 
      • “(171)
    • Antagonist: Id/Human nature
    • Rising complications: Frenchman is busy and never gets that the dog is not there for food, “hungry street dog” (172), “just another street dog (173), the dog has experienced “perhaps hundreds of times” (177) people not getting it, “only then and not before” (175), he eats food after the man pets him- foreshadowing
    • Internal conflict question: 
      • Frenchman: Can he control his rashness, anger and id?
      • Dog: Can he trust the man?
    • Climax (internal conflict resolution for the man): Frenchman cannot control his rashness, human nature, anger, id, when he throws roll “with all his force” (177)
    • Climax (internal conflict resolution for dog-in 3 passages): Dog loses trust in man, “the sadness” (177-178), “his lost friend” (182), etc.
    • External conflict resolution: “walked from the doorway and left” (182), “looked up into the man’s eyes”, “without picking up the meaty bone or even sniffing at it”: underscores the emphasis in the denouement 
    • Denouement: possible conclusion paragraph. Finality, repetition, overstatement

SYMBOLISM:
  • Dog: us
  • Frenchman: us
  • Food: material
  • Not Entering/Threshold: lack of trust
  • Roll: human nature
  • Licks the mans hand for a whole minute (182): the man had just caressed the dog, the dog was coming for the love and affection the entire time
  • Time: 3:30 dog is showing up consistently, shows dog is not ordinary
  • Bertha (waitress): foil to the dog because Frenchman takes out anger on her. She forgives man, “I am really grateful” (179). She takes out her anger on customers immediately after! We all have id, value material.
  • Dog coming back twice
  • Dog’s grin 
  • Patron: foil to the dog, ordinary, is taken in by the material: “elegant service” 
  • Man who gets steak stolen: taken in by material, demands new steak
  • Telephone: “telephone engineers (....) calculated almost perfectly” (176), no one is perfect, “things like this happen every time” (179), can calculate it perfectly because we almost all have the same human nature, phones built for people to slam them! Huuuuman naaaature is aaaangry! We know this! Everyone knows it! So why don’t we change our nature????? Whyyyyyy? 
    • “Things like this happen every day everywhere etc” (179), proves that everyone has this human nature, but “ALMOST perfectly” because some people can control it better than others. It’s how we deal with this acquired human nature (can’t control instinct, can control nature) that matters. We must self-surpass by gnothi seaton. 
  • “generously he forgave dog (...) accept their canine nature etc” (180-181). Can we change our human nature? Must use self-knowledge of our id to better ourselves.

  • Passages that are the heart of the theme: 
    • “calculated almost perfectly” 
    • “dog wagged its tail but then stopped abruptly”
    • “generously he forgave the dog [...] must except dogs as they are made” (180-181): we can’t change the nature of the dog but we can change our nature
  • We always hurt the ones we love because they will forgive us and they are the easiest target since they are always there

HW 4/14

European Literature:
Read: Jane Eyre chapters 4-6

English 9 Honors:
Bring: Hardcopy of thesis statement and 3 topic sentences
Prewrite: Entire "Friendship" essay

Wednesday, April 13, 2016

Friendship Notes 4/13

Friendship Notes 4/13

CHARACTER: 
  • What changes?
    • Dog stops coming to the restaurant
  • What makes it change?
    • Frenchman threw roll at him
  • In what way did it change?
    • Dog comes back twice before leaving forever (1st time man offers juicy and rare steak, 2nd time he offers a huge calf bone)
  • Why does Traven have it change that way?
    • To teach us that friendship is not material and cannot be bought
Long-lasting friendship requires controlling your human nature to hurt out of anger and forgiving those who cannot. 
-Keep a lid on your id & forgive those who can’t
-Frenchman and dog are negative examples of the theme

PLOT: What happens in the story is the theme
  • Protagonists: Frenchman (Monsieur le Blanc=white) and dog (p.171 “black”)
    • White and black, light v.s. dark
  • External conflict question: Can they form and keep their friendship?
  • External conflict antagonist: Human/dog nature (p182, “when so it seemed he realized what he was doing”)
  • Internal conflict questions: Can the Frenchman control his id? Can he overcome his human nature and instinct? Can the dog learn to trust the Frenchman? 
    • Humans are not dogs
  • Setting: Mexico city. This emphasizes that the Frenchman is a foreigner, so he needs friends and it’s difficult for him to make them.
  • Exposition: We don’t know if the dog is a stray or not. 
    • Frenchman does not know if the dog has an owner, “He of course did not know if the dog had a master”. “Relished every caress”: Friendship is also dire for the dog. Dog is well-mannered, possibly had a previous owner. “It seemed dog had never known what love is” (175) 
    • Dog with “soft, brown eyes which sparkled with a suggestion of making friends” (171)
    • Dog never enters! (symbolic of his lack of trust)
    • Man thinks dog is an ordinary dog from the beginning/misconstrues friendship as material from the start.
  • Rising complications for the Frenchman: He keeps thinking the dog is coming for the food, “decent attitude for a hungry street dog” (172)
  • 2 climaxes: dog hit by the roll, “with all his force” (177), “his lost friend” (180)
  • Internal conflict resolution: NOPE. Frenchman throws roll “with all his force.” Dog doesn’t forgive man: “gazing at the face of his lost friend” (180)
  • Falling complications: man still thinks friendship is based on the material
  • External conflict resolution: “Dog walked from the doorway and left” (182) and was never seen again
  • Denouement: The last paragraph. “This was the last time the Frenchman ever saw the dog. Never ever anywhere ever never never again nope nope bye doggie.”

HW 4/13

European Literature:
Read: Jane Eyre chapters 1-3

English 9 Honors:
Re-read: "Friendship"
Outline and write thesis statement, topic sentences, rough draft

Monday, April 11, 2016

Friendship Notes 4/11

Friendship Notes 4/11

  • How did we feel at the end of the story? 
    • We felt disappointed, angry, sad at Frenchman for betraying the dog
  • The dog is not like any other dog
    • “The dog was just a common ordinary street dog” (180)
    • Ordinary dogs come to the restaurant for food
    • Frenchman’s opinion: thinks the dog never crosses the threshold because it just wants food, “Very decent attitude for a hungry street dog” (172)
    • Dog isn’t coming for food, rather for attention/affection
  • “not an inch did he move” Why does Traven emphasize this? Dog does not fully trust man
    • “soft, warm eyes” (175)
    • “profound sadness of (...) betrayed” (177) Dog symbolic of us being betrayed.
    • “driven by a sudden brutal impulse that he could never explain to himself” (177) Throwing roll=intentionally hurting somebody. Frenchman is also us.
    • Have to control anger to maintain friendship, make sacrifices, think about how you might hurt your friend before acting out of anger, be aware that you hurt those closest to you.
  • “dog answered by slightly moving his tail” :instinct
“stops it abruptly”

  • Personifies the dog as human in order to teach us about friendship:
    • “grinning at the Frenchman” (171)
    • “as if he had killed a human being” (178)
    • “comical grin” (172)
    • “dog understood perfectly” (173)
  • Why does Traven use a dog? 
    • Dog is a man’s best friend [Unless you have standards and understand the superiority of cats], they are loyal, able to forgive, faithful, innocent 
    • Innocence: “soft, warm eyes” (175)
    • Wants us to feel the theme
    • Long term friendship requires: trust, considering someone besides yourself, controlling emotions, have to forgive a friend after being hurt 
  • SYMBOLISM
    • Dog: us
    • Frenchman: us 
    • Rock hard roll: 
    • Food: material (“Can’t buy me loveeeeeeeeeee”)
    • Patron: foil to the dog
    • Waitress: similar to the dog, Frenchman takes his angry out on her
    • Why did the Frenchman take his anger out on the waitress and the dog instead of the baker? 
  • POV
    • 3rd person omniscient: reliable narrator, help us see both sides because friendship is a two way street
      • Friendship requires trust and forgiveness. Humans are imperfect, make mistakes
  • REPETITION AND REFRAIN
    • “Enter he would not” 
    • “Never once had he come inside”
      • Dog never crosses threshold, represents dog’s lack of trust
    • Does the dog ever trust the Frenchman? Yes, “infinite trust” 
  • Does the dog forgive the man? Why does B. Traven have the dog come back twice?
    • 1st time dog comes back: Frenchman disappointed that dog is “ordinary street dog” and only came for food, not friendship. 
      • Food=superficial, material 
      • Frenchman has “good piece of steak ready, juicy and rare to apologize” (180):  shows us again that he misunderstands the dog’s reason for coming. Friendship not based on material, but immaterial.
    • 2nd time: Man has a “huge calf bone”: the Frenchman still does not understand 
    •   p182: dog licks frenchman’s hand for a full minute! (hyperbole) shows the dog was coming for affection, not food. But the Frenchman keeps trying to give food (steak, etc) to ask for forgiveness
    • dog “pushed man’s hand away”
    • Man “never meant to throw roll” =human nature is rashness. He acts rashly out of instinct. Need to recognize and change our natural impulses, control our ‘id’ to have long-lasting friendship. 
  • What changes? The dog was coming and now he isn’t 
  • Why does the dog stop coming? The Frenchman threw a roll at the dog 
  • Why does B. Traven have it change that way? Tells us we have to control our instinct of doing what’s always in our best interest and think about other people

Id: animal part, MEEEEE, FOOOOD, SEEEEX, NOWWWW, immediate gratification
Superego: considers others, recently acquired, civilized part
Ego: decides between following the id or the superego

Keep a lid on the id and forgive those who can’t or we will never have long-term friendship 

HW 4/11

European Literature:
Bring: Candide book and student ID card

English 9 Honors:
Re-read: Friendship
Consider symbolism and read a classmate's essay