Read: Goethe's "Faust" and complete study guide
Read: "Discourse on Method"
Read: Hegel's "Lordship and Bondage" and complete study guide
English 9 Honors:
Read: "The Possibility of Evil" once Sunday night
What did you feel at the end?
Thursday, April 28, 2016
The Flash Notes 4/28!!!!!!!
Calvino=fable writer. Flash=didactic allegory short story (simple story with deeper symbolic meaning). Everything is symbolic.
3 changes ironically:
- I has Flash “it happened”. The crowd (society) makes I have flash. Crowd inspires I because if there were no crowd, there would be no need to question society.
- I loses it. The crowd (crab-bucket mentality) makes I lose flash “so what do you mean?” Crowd doesn’t understand and think I is crazy. Ironically crowd scares I out of it because crowd is scared/jealous/intimidated by I, scared of unknown. Paradigm thinking, fear that their beliefs are wrong. Society depends on people’s flashes, and yet society rejects/kills those with insight. Even before crowd scares I out of it, I scares I’self out of it due to fear of alienation.
- I regrets and wants it back “instinctively.” Human nature is striving for excellence. I learns from experience, has moment of recognition. We make mistakes but what makes us self-surpass is learning from our mistakes. Humans also want what they can’t have.
Why 1st person? Reader learns firsthand. We feel the theme because it’s happening to “I.” We are forced to talk about the story using “I.” Slipping into “he” is sexist and dumb. We are trained to make masculinity the norm by the stupid stupid patriarchy.
Plot (nonconformist structure underscores theme)
Antagonist: crowd, ironically scare I out of it because they are scared of I, the prime motivation for humans is fear of death, the unknown, and paradigm thinking
Setting: street, crowd both inspires and scares the flash away
Ext confl q: Can I keep the flash and share it? “desperate to explain myself, to have them share the flash of insight”
Int confl q: Can I get over I’s fear of alienation? Will I conform? Before Flash, “I had accepted everything.” Accepted (repeated twice)=conformed to. Will I let I’self be defeated and not go after the flash again? Will I learn from I’s mistakes? Will I self-surpass?
Int confl Res: “the laugh died in my throat.” Notice diction of “died.” Refrain of the laughter from beginning of story. Laugh symbolic that having the flash is good/fun.
Ext confl res: “I made off amid their angry glares” shows I couldn’t share flash. I is being persecuted, exiled by crowd. Angry at what they do not understand.
Denouement: changes from past to present tense. I has courage to decide to seek flash again. “Instinctively filled with the hope (...) other kind of knowledge.”
Symbolism (didactic allegory so everything is symbolic)
crossroads: decisions, #1: will I be able to overcome fear of alienation, #2: will I learn from the mistake and choose to have the bravery to be a nonconformist?
“I”: individual, freedom, reader
crowd: society, crab-bucket, herd mentality
laugh: having the flash is good/fun
“blushed,” “ashamed.” Why is I ashamed but still tries to share insight? Ironically by trying to share insight I loses insight.
Comparisons: Oedipus, Theseus, Siddhartha, Harrison Bergeron, others
Real thinking: self-surpassing, instinct, crab-bucket
What is individuality? Paradox: we are all alike because we are all uniqueSubtheme: Don’t put down people who have flashes
Wednesday, April 27, 2016
Flash Notes 4/27
- Plot Analysis:
- Protagonist: “I”, represents the individual
- Antagonist: Crowd, represents society
- Ext. conflict: Can I keep the flash and share it?
- “desperate to explain myself to have them share my flash of insight”, the word desperate implies that I has a strong desire to share the flash because I does not truly understand it so I must communicate it to other people
- I wants to benefit society
- I wants to share the flash because it was the crowd that inspired I to have the flash
- I loses the flash when I tries to share it due to fear of alienation (ironic)
- Int. conflict: Can I overcome the fear of alienation?
- “I’m sorry, perhaps it was me that was wrong” after I tells the crowd and they negatively react I is convinced I was wrong
- “I blushed, ashamed” I talks Iself out of the flash before I even tells the crowd
- Setting: at a crossroads (symbol)
- Exposition: In the middle of a crowd (ironic)
- Intro to conflict: I gets the flash (paragraph 3)
- Climax: loses flash
- Int&Ext conflict res: NO (“made off” par. 6”)
- Internal resolution quotation: “Laughed died in my throat” because I’s initial reaction is “I laughed”
- Denouement: THIRD CHANGE!!! Entire last paragraph: I learns the lesson that is the theme & DON’T CONFORM YOURSELF!!! Implicit admission of ignorance
- wisest man on earth knows that he knows nothing- that’s why he is the wisest.
- seed planting: “all knowledge begins in wonder” -the Greeks
- Crossroads- choice of whether I will conform or not AND choice of whether or not I will strive for the flash again
- Why do we have crab bucket mentality? We are social beings, we all have the fear of alienation, jealously
- Why do we have the fear of alienation?
Tuesday, April 26, 2016
The Flash Notes 4/26
REMEMBER: I IS NOT A HE!
- I: first person narrator
- I: the individual, freedom from society, freedom to be happy, conformity, nonconformity because I has the moment of realization, etc.
- Calvino purposely uses “I” to make oneself feel like the protagonist
- Crossroads: decision to confront the flash and face alienation or forget the flash and conform
- The Road Not Taken, Thomas Edison, etc.
- PLOT: Individual v.s. Society
- I: the protagonist
- Internal Conflict Question: Will I be able to handle alienation?
- External Conflict Question: Can I not conform?
- External Conflict Antagonist: society
- Similar to “Harrison Bergeron”, Harrison (individual) v.s. Moon Glampers (society)
- I handicaps themselves by forgetting the flash, George handicaps himself by drinking the beer and watching the television
- I has a moment of anagnorisis
- I is different than Harrison because I conforms to society but Harrison does not conform and even dies as a result
- I chose to forget the flash because they “started to laugh” and was ashamed before society even knew- which is why we feel sad/bad at the end
- CONCLUSION IDEAS
- Compare to “Harrison Bergeron”
- CHARACTER: always a positive or negative example of the theme
- I: both positive and negative, positive because negative because I wasn’t able to avoid conformity
- What changes? I has the flash and then loses it, “It happened”, I wants to have the flash again
- What makes it change? The crowd, “happened in the middle of a crowd”
- In what way does it change? I scares Iself out because of the fear of alienation
- First seen with “The laugh died in my throat”, then “I blushed ashamed”, I pulls Iself down even before society does because I knows how society will act
- Why does Calvino have it change that way? Why a crowd? When I has the flash the first thing I wants to do is communicate it
- What causes I to have the flash? The crowd, it was in the benefit of society
- The crowd gives I the flash and takes it away
- THEME: Do not conform
Monday, April 25, 2016
The Flash Notes 4/25
How do we feel at the end?
Confused, inspired, loss of epiphany, self-doubt, sad, enlightened, lost, alienated, angry, hopeful, empty
How did Calvino make us feel that way?
Sad that protagonist was brought down by self and crowd, apologizes for insight. Sad that “I” hasn’t found the knowledge again. Confused because we don’t experience epiphany, we can’t understand.
WHY DO YOU ASSUME THE NARRATOR IS A MALE??? IT NEVER SAYS!!! THE PATRIARCHY HAS GOTTEN YOU!!!!! not indicating a gender makes the protagonist us, makes it our epiphany, “I” is us
- The Transcendental “I” questions objective
- Everything seemed “natural” (traffic lights, monuments, etc) are not actually made by nature
- Crab-bucket, the people bring “I” down
- Setting: “at a crossroads”, symbol of a major decision
- “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost