Friday, September 9, 2016

Iliad Notes 9/9/16

Written by Homer, even balance between Greeks and Trojans

  • Follows the Wrath of Achilles
  • First line is "The Wrath of Achilles is my theme," so pay attention to that
  • Apollo started the conflict (God of Archery, Medicine)
  • Iliad picks up about 9.5 years into the war, is not concerned with anything but the Wrath of Achilles
  • Follows Greeks (Achaeans) as they attempt to breach the walls of Troy, which they have not been able to do
  • Raided the temple of Apollo and kidnapped Priseis and Briseis, priestesses of Apollo
  • The priestesses are ultimate trophies
  • Apollo sends a plague and a bunch of arrows, forces Greeks back to the beach)
Important to know: Gods are projections of psyche, act like people, show that man is self surpassing (Kronos castrates Neptune, Zeus castrates Kronos, what's going to happen to Zeus…? Why is he afraid of man?)

Literary technique used by Homer:
  • Epithet: Short adjective, descriptor of a character (i.e. swift Achilles, horse-eyed Hera)
What started the war?
Paris is the younger prince of Troy. His older brother is Hector, also a prince and the commander of Troy's army. Their father is Priam, King of Troy, their mother, Heccuba, Queen of Troy. A prophecy states that, if Paris is not killed as a baby, Troy will fall. His parents abandon him on a mountainside, but he survives. As an older man, he is asked by Athene, Hera, and Aphrodite who the most beautiful goddess is. He claims that Aphrodite is, which causes Athene and Hera to hate Troy.
Meanwhile, in Greece, Helen is married to Menelaus. She is taken to Troy by Paris and the Greeks invade to get her back. (but also, probably, to take down a powerful civilization and get land)

Ideas of the Epic:
Freedom vs. Happiness (will you be blissfully ignorant, or deal with the harsh truth of the reality)
Freedom vs. Predestination (many things in life are fated to happen, but you still are responsible for how you deal with your lot)