Friday, October 21, 2016

Euro Lit Homework 10/21/16

For Monday:
Read "Pleasure and Happiness"
Answer Study Guide Questions (All Do Full Monty on #7)
Read "The Doctrine of The Mean"
Bring Student ID Cards

Monday, October 17, 2016

Allegory of the Den Notes 10/17/16

What keeps you shackled?
Comfort, the cave is comfortable and we do not want to leave it.
Society, we are being told that certain things are true, so we accept that they are true.
Fear of the unknown, we shackle ourselves, do not want the other paradigm.
Prisoners accept that the walls are the truth of reality, they do not want to change their conception of what truth is, it is easier to stay ignorantly blissful than it is to escape and shift your paradigm.
Herd mentality, we do not want to be the person who questions everything and is ridiculed for it (just look at Socrates, he challenged Athens' paradigm and was killed for it). Humans are social beings.
What does the freed prisoner do?
He escapes the cave, wants to go back, but realizes that he has no choice but to accept this new reality.
Why would the prisoner be seen as ridiculous upon his return?
What the prisoner is describing, the prisoners have no reference for. Additionally, the herd mentality of the prisoners prevents them from agreeing with the one who escaped, as they are afraid of being ridiculed as well.


Socrates Notes 10/17/16

All philosophers prior to Socrates believed that everything boils down to something material.
Sophists, thinkers prior to Socrates, believed 1 of 3 things: There is no cosmos (objective truth), there is a cosmos, but we can never know it, or there is a cosmos, we know it, but we can never communicate it. These thoughts prove that the Sophists were not purely materialists, as they essentially believed in a subjective truth, or, a truth that the mind has to choose.
Socrates believes there is an objective truth, which we can know. He agrees with the Sophists that the world is not purely material, but disagrees that there is no objective truth.
We have knowledge of things because we know the "ideal" of an object or concept.  (We recognize two different things as beautiful because there is an objective, infinite beauty.)
PHILOSOPHERS TO READ:
Edmund Husserl
Emmanuel Kant

Euro Lit Homework 10/17/16

For Tuesday Read Plato's "Crito"
Answer study guide questions