Friday, November 18, 2016

Henry V Notes 11/18/16

Act Two, Scene One
Falstaff is dying because the king has broken his heart (continues to show that, to be a good king, sometimes you cannot be a good man)
Act Two, Scene Two
Henry proves that he's a good ruler by finding out that there are three traitors, knowing who they are, and setting a trap for them (being a fox). He allows the traitors to lie and dig themselves into a hole. They condone the punishment of someone who spoke out against Henry while drunk when he suggests mercy, setting the precedent for their own punishment. When the traitors are told that Henry knows of their treachery, they appeal to Henry's mercy, which they have just rejected in front of him. Henry foxes them into this trap, becomes the lion, and uses well employed cruelty when consigning them to death.
Act Two, Scene Four
Dauphin being a bad ruler, after Mountjoy tells him that Henry means business, the Dauphin doesn't believe him. He overestimates his own military prowess and underestimates his enemy.

Thursday, November 17, 2016

Henry V Notes 11/17/16

Play starts with people whispering about talking Henry into going to war with France, but Henry doesn't automatically do this.
Act One Scene Two
Henry meets with Montjoy, the French ambassador. He is impressed by Henry (who is both a "fox" and a "lion.") He is diplomatic with Montjoy, but allows Montjoy to convey the Dauphin's insult in order to impress his comitatus with his lion-like courage, standing up to the insult and essentially declaring war.

Essay Notes 11/17/16

GENERAL NOTES FOR AN IMPROMPTU ESSAY
Must have a head (intro) body (paragraphs) and feet (conclusion)
INTRO
Author, title, genre, big picture idea (thesis statement), supporting ideas of the big picture idea (examples from the text, how is it supported by plot, characters, symbols, etc)
BODY PARAGRAPHS
Your reasons supporting your thesis opinion. What is your reason, give some examples from the text supporting your reason, and then explain why these examples support your thesis.
CONCLUSION
Restate thesis, then show your understanding of the play. Connect it to something outside the text, critique your own thesis, critique the theme of the play. Be original, show that you are not a robot. 

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

The Prince Notes 11/16/16

"The temper of the multitude is fickle" (p. 14)
The fundamentals of Machiavelli's reasoning is laid out. He believes that humans will not listen to you unless you serve a use to them. He talks about, essentially, the same "mass of men" Aristotle referred to. The way a prince stays in power is by fear. This thought is echoed, once again, from Aristotle, who believes that the "mass of men" has no sense of shame and live at the "beck and call of passion." 
"A prince must learn to be other than good" (36)
What is is more important than what aught to be. A prince should be able to live with the realities of the world and he would lose power in a world where people are not good.
Armies which are national are inherently stronger (36)
Pay attention to that for Henry V.
5,000 purely national Englishmen defeated 40,000 Frenchmen and mercenaries.
"A Prince should have no care or thought but for war" (37)
When things are not going well domestically, leaders start a foreign war
"Mercy, good faith, integrity, humanity, and religion"
 Machiavelli says that a good leader should appear to have these qualities, but can violate these good qualities if need be. Shakespeare says that a king should have all of these qualities in actuality, but, sometimes a ruler cannot be a good man.
Why might a ruler not honor his word? (47)
"We look to results" (47). If a prince succeeds in his goal, the end will justify his means and people will respect him.
"Treason doth never prosper: what's the reason? Why, if it prosper, none dare call it treason." ~ Sir John Harrington
It doesn't matter what a prince does, as long as he is strong.
"How should a prince illicit advice from his followers?" (63)
You cannot be simply flattered, but you also cannot be told the truth by everyone.  As a prince, you need to pick certain people who can freely speak their mind with you (comitatus relationship).