Monday, November 20, 2017
English 9 Honors: 11/20/17 Homework- Read Samsara pp 60-69 Read By the River pp 70-81 Notes: This is a good German joke: According to Sigmund Freud, what comes between fear and sex? Funf! (For those of you that don’t know, in German the number four is pronounced fear, the number six is pronounced sex and five is funf) Autobiographical and Historical Information Herman Hesse- Born in 18… (This is as far as we got before Stewart went into a lecture about how The Old Man and The Sea changed him) Okay were back: - Born in 1877 in the black forest - His Parents were missionaries in India - So had his father’s mother been - Very unusual background, he had the same amount of eastern and western religion and philosophy. He was exposed to Christian and Hindu, Buddhist philosophy; his view of the world was a synthesis of the east and west - His view of how to attain happiness is unique: o Central theme: the inner voice o The inner voice is existentialist o The eternal part of ourselves which relates to Brahmin o The inner voice is ones true self - Novel set in 350 bce in India - Our protagonist Siddhartha has the same name of The Buddha, because Sid agrees with a lot of different things. He brings the ideas together and creates his own idea - When Hesse was going through school he was almost crushed beneath the wheel of conformity Read: Beneath the Wheel for Hesse o Pavlov was a Russian scientist that believed in behaviorism Setting For Siddhartha: - Hinduism is a pantheistic religion o They believe that the divine is intertwined with the real world o Brahma is known as over soul o That the soul is permeated within all things o The eternal time that all atoms get thrown back into the cosmological stew o This is not too uncommon with out western science o Everything is (given enough time) Everything else o This concept is called Brahmin (or Over Soul) o Everything is an illusion o We have an eternal part of ourselves called our soul or Atman o We go through an endless cycle of birth and rebirth called Samsara, through this development we have developed an ego o This is existentialist because the ego is existentialist - Thematic Elements in Sid: o What is going on in the traditional belief in Hinduism? • His idea is that its interesting but he doesn’t fully devote himself to it • Not much of the true nature of the universe will bring one nirvana • Enlightenment of the self is the true nature of the universe • Does knowledge really bring peace? - Western philosophy of doubting makes it real, eastern philosophy affirms everything by bringing everything together. Western say no no no Eastern say yes yes yes - What does Om mean? Yes. - Diversity is an illusion, everything is everything o Govinda is a foil for Siddhartha o Siddhartha distrusts teaching, you can not learn anything particularly when it comes to the level of the soul stuff, You can not learn anything vicariously o Govinda is like “aw yeah man teach me” - External Conflict: o Can Sid find enlightenment? - Internal Conflict: o Can he accept and learn himself? - He hears about the Samsans, who are ascetics, they refuse pleasure because true life is internal - Didactic allegory: Didactic means to teach. Allegory is a simple story with a deeper meaning - The most important body paragraph is symbolism Page 18: He has no trust for teaching Gautama: Is what he called the Buddha Page 22: The origin of suffering, life is pain, he teaches the liberation from suffering Page 27: Salvation from suffering Page 28: “Look Buddha I’m not criticizing what you’re doing but I can’t follow it” Because I need to find my own way
Friday, November 17, 2017
Honors 9- Notes Class Notes: 3/21/17 Reread Siddhartha Read the blog and organize your notes Write: 2 symbols and explain how Hesse uses them Hey guys, Remember your mortality! Important Sid Notes: QUICK REMINDERS: - Sid leaves because he wants enlightenment - He doesn’t achieve enlightenment from the samanans - Sid doesn’t believe in following, Gov does - Any time Sid goes through a change, Gov is there - This is a didactic allegory What is the point of view of the story? - Third person single person POV Why does Hesse have the POV switch in the last chapter of the book? Hesse has been steeped in eastern philosophies; he sees a lot of truth in them Buddha serves as a foil for Sid and his theme - He comes back to the river at the end of the book, A comes back to A The ascetics are symbolic of his lack of enlightenment Sid wants to find peace and the true nature of the world: - He thinks he can find the truth in the world by understanding himself o If he understands atman then he understands the brahma o The Buddha tells him that (pg. 27) • You can not learn things vicariously, you have to experience this first hand o The connection of suffering and pain o Sid leaves again but leaves Gov behind - Truly nothing has occupied my mind as much of the self- a synthesis of the east west philosophy paradox: I am one with the world yet I am separated - Pg 31,”I am one and separated…” paradoxical - Pg 33, realized how alone he was; alienation. - Pg 39, introduced to the voice. He must teach himself and gain the experience - Voice is symbolic of authenticity, his genuine self - Pg 57 crosses the river Pg. 59 Why is Kamala in the book? Maybe I am like you, we can no love,
Thursday, November 16, 2017
Honors 9- Notes: Autobiographical and Historical Information Herman Hesse- Born in 18… (This is as far as we got before Stewart went into a lecture about how The Old Man and The Sea changed him) Okay were back: - Born in 1877 in the black forest - His Parents were missionaries in India - So had his father’s mother been - Very unusual background, he had the same amount of eastern and western religion and philosophy. He was exposed to Christian and Hindu, Buddhist philosophy; his view of the world was a synthesis of the east and west - His view of how to attain happiness is unique: o Central theme: the inner voice o The inner voice is existentialist o The eternal part of ourselves which relates to Brahmin o The inner voice is ones true self - Novel set in 350 bce in India - Our protagonist Siddhartha has the same name of The Buddha, because Sid agrees with a lot of different things. He brings the ideas together and creates his own idea - When Hesse was going through school he was almost crushed beneath the wheel of conformity Read: Beneath the Wheel for Hesse o Pavlov was a Russian scientist that believed in behaviorism Setting For Siddhartha: - Hinduism is a pantheistic religion o They believe that the divine is intertwined with the real world o Brahma is known as over soul o That the soul is permeated within all things o The eternal time that all atoms get thrown back into the cosmological stew o This is not too uncommon with out western science o Everything is (given enough time) Everything else o This concept is called Brahmin (or Over Soul) o Everything is an illusion o We have an eternal part of ourselves called our soul or Atman o We go through an endless cycle of birth and rebirth called Samsara, through this development we have developed an ego o This is existentialist because the ego is existentialist
Tuesday, November 14, 2017
Euro Lit- Notes: How to stay in power What does Shakespeare think makes a good ruler? (this is what the 2 impromptu essays will be based on) Machiavelli thinks that leaders only need to appear to be good, but Shakespeare disagrees; however, Shakespeare does believe a good king is not necessarily a good man You must think of being a good king first before being a good man They care about what makes a good ruler because Elizabeth is old and there is no successor in line; therefore, most of the plays and art are propaganda Machiavelli: Says the multitude is fickle because people do not believe something unless they see it; therefore, the end is all important The mass of men live at the beck and call of passion because people cannot control their emotions since we have been animals for so much longer, we want immediate gravitation Mass of men are vulgar People will only do something because of fear A prince needs to be both a fox and a lion (page 46) Fox: strength: cunning, weakness: sometimes you have to stand and fight as a leader Lion: strength: courage Page 51, last paragraph: “effeminate” Page 63: the comitatus relationship If the cruelties decrease, the students confidence in the teacher increases, and vice versa Page 43, 2nd paragraph: “A prince should disregard [...] hurt the whole state [...]”: in other words, he is going to make an example in order to keep your subjects obedient Page 36: What makes a nation? Page 3 (Machiavelli): A nation is people that speak the same language Page 37 (Henry V): “A prince should have no thought or care except for war [...]” Henry V is the final play of a tetralogy, they all have to do with the Lancastrian society Richard II Henry IV part 1 Henry IV part 2 Henry IV is dying at the end of the novel, he dies when becoming Henry V Henry V A good king is not necessarily a good man Henry V: Nationalistic and propaganda play, but between the lines he has a lot of questions
Honors 9- Notes Important consequences, student commentary, Stewart’s ideas Theme of Old man and the Sea: Life has peaks and valleys, but if we persevere we can get through the valleys - Never Give Up Resolution: the word Hemmingway uses to describe the theme The journey is more important than the destination – Potential for the conclusion paragraph, Happiness is not a place you arrive it, it’s a way of going about things Strive for excellence but don’t go to far Internal vs. External conflict: - Internal: if he’s strong enough to achieve his goal (mind over matter) o Mental vs. physical strength - External: If he can get the fish Stewart’s Commentary: What is Hemmingway’s writing style? - Iceberg principle: 7/8th is underwater for every part that shows o Pg. 9: 40 days: Noah’s ark they went 40 days and 40 nights o Pg. 9: The sail looked like the flag of permanent defeat o Pg. 18: His shirt was patched so many times it looked like the sail • By appearances, Santiago has been defeated o The Blotches of skin cancer that we benevolent o He looked old despite his eyes, they were the color of the sea o Pg.13 He knows he has humility, Santiago doesn’t care what the other fishermen thought about him o Pg. 12, “you bought me a beer you’re already a man” What is at stake for a character makes the character, what is at stake for Manolin is being a man o Pg. 24: “I do not like for him to wait for me it makes me feel inferior” He feels like a boy, he wants to be a man • Why can Santiago help him grow up and how o Pg. 14: “I’m going far out” This is purely denotative o Pg. 14: “are you strong enough for a truly big fish” o The crabs in the bucket are lazy, they stay close to shore, “that makes all the difference” because Santiago took the road less traveled o Pg. 14: “I’m a strange old man” • Strange because he is wise which alienates him from the herd o Pg. 18: Great DiMaggio, great fish, what makes them great? o Pg. 18: Strange shoulders: still powerful but very old o Pg. 21: Great DiMaggio, he makes the difference, he is himself again, he has overcome the bone spurs o Pg. 22: Great DiMaggio was a fishermen, so was Jesus o To understand how hard something is you have to suffer o Pg. 22: When I was your age, “Africa and Lions” this is really important o Pg. 23: “Because he came here the most times” The manager only appears to be great, he doesn’t have the stuff he just has the fluff o Pg. 23 I may not be as strong as I think but I know many tricks and I have resolution o What does the Sea symbolize: the unknown, vastness, feminine, the uncontrollable, o The old man is symbolic of us, he is old because he is frail but has a young mind o Learn the difference between the fluff and the stuff, lions have the stuff o Pg. 25: They played like young cats in the dust and he loved them like he loved they boy o 3rd Person limited, not omnipotent o Pg. 26 “: “its what a man must do o Pg. 40: Now is no time to think about baseball, now is the time for what I was born for o Pg. 107: “nail going through the wood” an allusion for Jesus being crucified
Monday, November 13, 2017
Thursday, November 9, 2017
Wednesday, November 8, 2017
Honors 9- Notes Road Not Taken Robert Frost - The road symbolizes life and the two paths diverged represent a cross roads - “I” Could be anyone - The connotative grows naturally out of the denotative o The repetition of the “I” makes Mr. Stewart think there is a deeper meaning - AJ believes that this poem represents Christianity - This poem is about the nature of decisions, the poem speaks to the problem of decisiveness - We face cross roads in our life - This poem is about predetermination vs. freedom o Cross roads are a universal symbol with free dome • Romeo could have walked away • Oedipus was at the cross roads when he met his dad - This poem is existentialist, we are the sum total of our actions - It isn’t what we mean its what we are - The more someone knows, the less people like that person o Crab bucket mentality, the more you know the more you ostracize yourself with your knowledge
Tuesday, November 7, 2017
Honors 9- Poetry Notes Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Robert Frost How a poem means, is based on the context of the symbolism The relationship and juxtaposition of one thing to another - “Dark and Deep” Could be a symbol of danger but when you put lovely in front of it, it becomes something else How does the connotative come from the denotative? - This is called understatement - You never say what you want to say, called objective correlative - T. S Elliot’s philosophy you never say what you want the reader to say or feel; you have the action create the feeling. They don’t feel it vicariously Don’t overwrite the symbolism “I” is symbolic: might be autobiographical, but I could also be anybody, you or me or us, any age, any time. Why is the person stopping and watching the woods filling up with snow? The horse is a foil, a minor character that has a different character to the major character, and one that points out the difference The horse is a symbol; horses don’t stop to watch woods to fill up with snow When he says “Little Horse” He is speaking to the lack of consciousness to the humans This poem is existentialist, I saw I-self and he hopes no one saw him doing this because he is self-conscious
Honors 9- Notes Benevolent- inclined to do good pg. 9 Resolution- decision or intention; will or willpower pg. 23 Inferior- less able or capable than pg. 29 Precision- exactness pg. 32 Ineffectual- unsuccessful pg. 34 gelatiness- jelly like pg.35 Plankton- microscopic plants and animals that float in great numbers in the sea pg. 40 Immune- unaffected pg. 36 Contempt- dislike or scorn pg. 36 Mysticism- knowledge transcending normal understanding pg. 37 Myriad- a great number pg. 40 Introduction to Ernest Hemingway: Born 1899-1961 Died of Suicide, shot himself Old man and the Sea published in 1951 is placed in Cuba, where Hemingway has a house Born in Oak Park Illinois When he was in high school, he played football and was a really good boxer Also the editor of his high school newspaper Hemingway is famous for his writing style, very economically, very sparse Brief, simple and clear, uses symbolism more than any other device He called it the Iceberg Principle, “I try to write on the principle of the iceberg, 7/8ths is underwater for every part that shows 1918 the US enters WW11; he volunteers to be an ambulance driver for the Italian army A shell blew the ambulance into the air, Hemingway’s back was crushed, but he still carried an injured soldier to get medical care He went back home to Chicago, and his mom couldn’t stand having him in the house anymore He lived in Paris and joined the expatriate society, headed by Gertrude Stein The Hemingway code: face fears steadfastly, be honest, be stoic, no boasting, be respectful to women, be self assured, be self reliant, be efficient, and loyalty Stoic: a philosophy of remain indifferent to outside events, and keep yourself together nothing can really hurt you Joe DiMaggio is a personal symbol for this code Is Hemmingway a negative example of his own theme? Father committed suicide He became a way correspondent in WW2 Had a big fishing boat down in Cuba 1953, he is on a safari in Africa and his plane crashes He wrote a short story “the snow of Kilimanjaro” He started partying and lost his writer soul, so he goes to Africa to detox but he contracts cancer Then in 1961 he kills himself
Monday, November 6, 2017
Honors 9- Notes Poetry uses language more intensely by using it more economically, saying less in order to say more. Poems don’t have to mean anything; they use symbols to give us a feeling for something. Review: three types of symbols (yesterdays notes) - Universal - Cultural - Personal The eagle: a cultural symbol The tiger: What do we connote with a tiger? Strength, Power, pride, dangerous How do we figure out what a poem means? - The poem itself is the message, and how the author uses literary devices - What literary devices does the poem use? o Alliteration o Rhythm and meter o Symbolism - Ask questions as to why the author used certain things: o Why the exclamation marks? To show the strength of the tiger o The poem is asking questions, asking someone a question - How things in the poem work together - AJ believes that the poem is a metaphor for Christianity - John explains how some of the pronouns represent god. “What immortal hand or eye” represents god “Fearful symmetry” Symmetry means balance, but why is it fearful “What the hand” Tigers don’t have hands “What dread hand and What dread feet? Why did Blake break the rules and capitalize Lamb? What is the poem really asking? Did he who made the lamb make thee. Did the creator create the lamb and the killer? Did the creator create good and evil? Why is “he” not capitalized? Why if god is all-powerful and all knowing, then why is there evil? Argument against god Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening: Does this poem mean something?
Thursday, November 2, 2017
Honors 9- Notes 11/2/17 Poetry Unit: Short with emphasis on symbolism What is Poetry? Poetry is simply using language in a different sort of way from the standard. Why do we have poetry? Teach about the world, teach morals and entertain - Poetry helps us live, it gives a better view of what life is itself - Gives us a different perspective - Poetry uses figurative language, connotation Denotative vs. Connotative: Poetry is connotative Poetry uses language not just to communicate, but uses poetic devices to make language more intense Poetry uses language economically: by saying less, you say more Words are symbolic, by using words in an economical way that allows them to carry more weight than they usually freight The connotative suggested other meanings depend on the denotative meaning Three types of Symbolism: 1. Archetypal, and universal- true for anyone, anywhere, anytime. These symbols would be based off of basic human condition and psychology 2. Cultural Symbols- have associated meanings only within the culture 3. Personal symbols: the author uses denotatively what something is, but use different techniques to make it more than its denotative meaning Poetry doesn’t have to mean anything The Eagle - Alfred Lord Tennyson Poetic Devices Used: - Rhyming, - Personification of the eagle - Rhythm, meter and pacing - Symmetry, and asymmetry, o In the last two lines, he uses asymmetry by taking out the comma in the last sign He uses imagery to describe the life of the eagle - The eagle is so high up he’s in lonely lands - He has such good eye sight he can see the curvature of the earth
Wednesday, November 1, 2017
Honors 9- Notes What changes? Romeo and Juliet are dead, but the families stop feuding as a result. What makes it change? The feud causes their death, but the feud also ends because of their death. In what way does it change? They committed suicide. Feud changes only after the death of Romeo and Juliet. Why does he have it change this way? Plot- what happens in a piece of literature Conflict- the problem between the two opposing forces known as the protagonist and the antagonist. Pro= for Romeo and Juliet Ant= against the feud External conflict question- can they keep their marriage alive? Internal conflict question- can they overcome their rashness Plot analysis- Setting- Verona Italy in the 1300’s. During the Summer “for now these hot days get the hot blood stirring” –Benvolio at the beginning of Act 3 Exposition/exciting action- when the thumb biting happens External and internal conflict- can they keep their marriage alive? Can they overcome and avoid rashness? rising action- consists of complications. Complicate the protagonists resolution to their int. and ext. conflict questions. -Tybalt’s Death - Juliet’s dad -feud -Paris Climax- when the resolution to the internal conflict question becomes inevitable. Romeo kills Tybalt in Act 3 Scene 1. Good luck dumbo. Falling action- Wedding date moving up - letter - sleeping potion - Friar John - Romeo meeting and killing Paris Internal conflict question is unsuccessfully resolved; therefore they cannot keep their marriage alive. Denouement- the tying up of lose strings. - feud ends after R and J death Symbolism- - R and J symbolize love - The feud symbolizes hate The theme- love overcomes hate, but usually at a great cost The feud ends, but only after R and J kill themselves
Tuesday, October 31, 2017
Monday, October 30, 2017
Thursday, October 26, 2017
Wednesday, October 25, 2017
Tuesday, October 24, 2017
Honors 9 Notes for Tuesday Romeo and Juliet are moving too quickly, they are being too rash since they had just met each other that same day. Their tragic flaw is that they act too rashly. They’re going to get married within 24 hours of meeting each other. Plus, Romeo is freaking stalker, and Juliet likes that Romeo is a stalker! Bunch of freaks. No wonder it isn’t going to end well. Juliet is really young, so maybe that plays a part in their rashness. Her brain isn’t fully developed yet. Rashness causes them to take their own lives. Romeo should’ve just waited for a matter of seconds and he could’ve saved his own life, and Juliet probably wouldn’t have killed herself either. External conflict question- can they keep their marriage? No, because they both fricken’ kill themselves. Internal conflict question- can they overcome their rashness? No, because the dumbos marry each other within a day of meeting. The friar thinks that Romeo is a player, but he agrees to marry them because he thinks that the feud between the families will end.
Monday, October 23, 2017
English 9 Honors – 10/23/17 Homework: • Study drama vocab • Complete: Act II vocab sheet • Read: Act II • Complete: Act V study guide Romeo and Juliet Notes: • Feud between families Capulet’s (Juliet’s family) and Montague’s (Romeos family) • Rosaline is described by Romeo as beautiful and he basically gets rejected by Rosaline and being sad runs into the woods to avoid conversation with Benvolio • Juliet is almost 14 and is being pressured by her dad to get married to Paris who is related to the prince so he’s expected to have money. • All children of Juliet’s dad (Lord Capulet) died except for her so her dad wants the absolute best for her • The nurse and Juliet are very close because she remembers when Juliet was a child and cared for her more than her mom; Juliet’s mom and her have a very distant relationship (Her mom cannot even remember her birthday!) • Benvolio thinks Romeo should go to the ball thrown by the Capulet’s to check out other ladies and get over Rosaline • Romeo has a feeling that something bad will happen that will result in something worse in the future • Symbolism example: Mercury was the messenger gods and they were very witty. That’s where Mercutio got his name because he is witty and a loyal friend. • Tybalt; Juliet’s cousin, is described as hot-headed and gets really into the feud between the two families. He describes Romeo as a villain and says • At the end of Act 1 Romeo and Juliet discover they are in love and confess their love to one another. Juliet says “my only love sprung from my only hate” she’s basically saying her one true love is of the Montague family. She claims she fell in love with him before she realized he was of the enemy. • Paradox- Statement that contradicts itself but is none the less true • Why is Rosaline in the play at all? A: She is a “foil” (very important) a foil is a secondary character that is there to point out something about the main character. In this case Rosaline is there to point out something about Romeo, but what? • Romeo and Juliet have a tragic flaw; they act too rationally.
Euro Lit Homework: Read Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics Book I European Literature Notes 10/23 Summum bonom: “the last good”, the bottom line Who cares what reality is if it does not help you lead a better life? The summum bonom of Aristotle is happiness The key to success, according to Aristotle, is to always strive for excellence until it is a habit that then becomes part of your character good luck is always circling the same people Meden Agan: meet in the middle Aristotle (an idealist): His philosophy is about motion First one that is truly systematic: has books about metaphysics, ethics, politics, poetic etc. Philosophy is supposed to explain the things of the world but you put them outside themselves; therefore, it explains nothing What is the relation of these things? Why do we need the things when the ideas are the essence of reality? Why do these things change when they are only inferior copies? Why does the universe have change and motion? Has “The Third Man” problem: never explains anything because it is infinite Believes in putting the essence of the universe outside the thing: the universal in the particular (you have to have both), but it cannot be the other way around ex. gold: it is soft, heavy, yellow. If you take away the softness, the heaviness, or the yellowness, you have no gold. And vice versa, if you have no gold then you have no softness, heaviness, or yellowness. The truth for one person is relative to an individual and their circumstances ex. A smaller person may need to eat less than a larger person. But, if the small person is working all day and the big one is sitting around, the small one may need to eat more. Cosmological chain of being (Higherarchical): #3: inanimate things #2: animate things #1: the 1st cause, or the unmoved mover, or God What started things? What is the “Unmoved mover”? Aristotle’s 4 causes (reasons) Material (a formless blob, but still with some universality to it) Efficient (Activation energy, what sculpts the blob into a form) Form (The form that the blob takes) The final cause (defining cause) which is last in causation, but first in ideas. You must have the teleological end, the idea, the ideal, the form, of what you intend to make before you set to work making it But what, then, about the efficient cause? What explains motion? Actualization of the potential The entire universe is moving from the specific to the universal, and is moving towards God, pure actualization, pure reason, ideas God is what the universe is trying to move towards, pure ideas, but we will never achieve it because of the necessity of the universality in the particular According to Aristotle, which comes first, the acorn or the oak tree? The oak, because the oak is the actualization of the acorn’s potential, and, logically, precedes the acorn The efficient cause is trying to achieve the actualization of the final cause, the idea Aristotle died of stomach disease (according to Wikipedia) He was Plato’s student Plato believes in appearances and illusions, but they are only inferior copies of the forms/ideas, the ideas are the real essential reality Plato’s philosophy is static Nothing in excess, and that leads to happiness, and everything is an absolute The truth for one person is relative to an individual and their circumstances Quote of the day: “Do everything poetically [...] If you are a crew member, do it poetically.”
Friday, October 20, 2017
Thursday, October 19, 2017
Wednesday, October 18, 2017
Tuesday, October 17, 2017
Monday, October 16, 2017
Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Euro Lit 10/15 notes on Plato’s “Symposium” •Immortality through fame •This section goes hand-in-hand with understanding future Plato •Back page, right hand column, line 49, “If mortal man may,” thus we cannot find absolutes, because we are not absolute •Immortality has to do with ideas, and our idea of what beauty is, because that, too, is immortal •What is beauty? How do we know? How do we know anything? •We learn it inductively, but only because we know it deductively beforehand •”Renewed by recollection” through aposterori thinking •All people desire to be remembered because they wish to be remembered and, thus, immortal, because people are afraid of the unknown, and death, and want to escape death through remaining remembered •All people also desire wisdom and virtue. Why? •Because you should do the right thing •Any attempt at utopia will result in dystopia. Why? •You have to give up one virtue to have a greater virtue •Also because “Utopia” means “Does not exist” •Temperance (moderation) and justice and the ordering of states and families are the most important virtues •Leadership affects a lot of people, and is thus influential and can be inspiring •Or, perhaps, we are selfish and want to lead just for fame •Justice and temperance are limiting •Two examples of “Children of the soul” are Homer and Lysergius (a great statesman) •Homer’s “Children of the soul” are The Iliad and The Oddesy •One may create jut for vanity, but may also to inspire people, or to become famous •We can attempt to attain the immortal by trying to do something as close to perfectly as possible •Can one fall in love at first sight, according to Plato and platonic love? •Yes, because you can fall in love with their soul, and see them with your mind’s eye, and recognize them as another soul •What are the six steps to recognizing absolute beauty? (It is INDUCTIVE) 1. We find one form we find beautiful 2. We see that beauty in other things than physical forms 3. We see beauty in everything 4. We see that the beauty of ideas is greater than the beauty of physical forms 5. We see beauty in death and the unknown 6. We recognize that there is beauty in all things •We can’t know absolute beauty, we can only have an approximation of it
Monday, October 9, 2017
European Literature Notes What is philosophy? Philo: love Sophia: wisdom An unusually persistent attempt to think something through clearly Transcend To be human is to be Is there such thing as truth? Philosophy: reality is how you view reality; therefore, you must lead the examined life because you might not have the right view, trying to overcome the ignorance of your ignorance Paradigm: what you think reality is, what motives humans more than anything else because we are afraid of the unknown Weltanschaung: one’s view of the world Subjective: inside the mind, non-material, idea Objective: anything outside the mind, including the brain, material There are 13 disciplines of philosophy: Metaphysics: “What is reality?”, the term is a pre-supposition (unconfirmed belief, supposing something beforehand), meta: above/beyond (the physical) Epistemology: theory of knowledge Ethics: what is happiness? (The Greeks) Logos: logic, order, rules of thinking, induction and deduction Dogma: authoritatively considered to be an absolute truth Axiom: undemonstrative proposition It is always relative to your perception Deduction: Plato, Socrates, go from a general principle and apply it to a particular instance, apriori (before having the experience) Induction: Aristotle, particular instances and you generalize up to a principle, aposterori (after having the experience) Empirical method The Sophists either believed there were no cosmos and we applied everything, if there was an order we did not know it, or if there was an order which we cannot communicate it well, everything is objective (in the mind) Socrates disagrees: there is a truth Truth is a conception, not a perception, it is a verification with the objective world Syllogism Major premise Minor premise Knowledge is recognition, re-thinking what you already knew (Socrates, Plato) Nous: The power of man to discern truth (Socrates, Plato) Socrates is the wisest man on Earth because he knows he does not know/he knows what he knows is worth nothing Quote of the day: “Profundity is simplicity” Philosophers can either be placed as: Materialists or idealists Subjectivists or objectivists Objectivists: nothing beyond the material Subjectivists: there is something beyond the material Metaphysics is one of the most important 13 disciplines: “Meta”: above/beyond “Physics”: that which is and that which isn’t is defined as a pre-conception/pre-supposition: something you assume beforehand that has not been demonstrated, an un-demonstrated belief, can also be called an axiom: undemonstrated proposition Important because one’s view of reality is what creates the other disciplines Reality is what you see reality to be What drives human thinking more than anything else is paradigm thinking, because what drives human thought the most is fear of the unknown Paradigm thinking: We change things to fit our thinking so that we do not have to change, this is why we need to lead the examined life Subjective: everything inside the mind Objective: everything outside the mind, including the brain Sophists believed “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder” Socrates disagrees. Socrates says beauty is objective, it is outside man, we know what reality is because we already knew, believes true is a conception rather than a perception For example, when we look at a beautiful sunrise, essay, rose, how can we compare these if we did not already know what beauty was in the first place? The truth is objective to man and we arrived at it with our subjective mind There is no truth or falseness in the world Deductive thinking: general to specific (on yesterday’s notes) Inductive: specific to general (on yesterday’s notes), the gathering/formation of conceptions after having experiences particular instances Plato’s life: Followed Socrates around when he was 20 for 8 years Hates democracy Came from a rich family in Athens Combination of a poet and philosopher First philosopher to have a complete philosophy system (all 13 disciplines) All ancient greek philosophy was teleological means the end, and the end precedes the beginning Ethics cannot be understood without the politics Deductive thinking- syllogism- major premise- minor premise- conclude something logical What is it we do anything for? Cosmological chain of being Dualism: Reality consists of: Ideas/forms: abstract, universal, infinite, subject, perfect, ideal Universal: true for anyone anywhere anytime Appearances/illusions: concrete, particular, temporal, object, inferior copies concepts are definitions Psyche: essence Knowledge is power and happiness! What is the teleology of Plato? The good “I am that gadfly which God has attached to the state, and all day long... arousing and persuading and reproaching... You will not easily find another like me.” -Plato, Apology
Friday, October 6, 2017
10/6/17 Homework: English 9 Honors: Read handouts and Oedipus the King, STUDY FOR 50 POINT TRAGEDY VOCAB QUIZ Quote of the day: “Its better to fail with honor than to succeed by fraud” Notes on tragedy: • In the Knights of the Roundtable, the roundtable symbolizes democracy. When the grail appears they all make an oath to quest for the holy grail and only 3 succeeded . Lancelot doesn’t get to see it because all of the deeds he did he did for his wife. The love triangle and the quest for the holy grail is what breaks the democracy apart. • Dramatic Irony- When the audience knows something that one or more characters on stage do not. • When the audience went to see Oedipus the King everyone knew what was going to happen and Sophocles used that to convey his theme. • The last god of the Pantheon is Dianesius and Demeter, together they gave us wine, a good time, grain. People were so dedicated to Dianesius that people tore him to pieces fighting over him. • Dianesius’s death resulted in a terrible year for crops where nothing grew and all plants died • When they killed Dianeseus the women would go out into the countryside to strip and sacrificed a child and the next year the crops grew back. After a while the child was replaced with a goat. • Trage Dien: Singing of the goat • Overall idea in Oedipus: We must know the dark truth about ourselves, if we know ourselves better (Ghnoti Seaton) we have a better chance of making more conscious decisions. Only light can drive out the darkness.
Wednesday, October 4, 2017
Tuesday, October 3, 2017
Monday, October 2, 2017
Monday, September 25, 2017
Friday, September 22, 2017
Thursday, September 21, 2017
Wednesday, September 20, 2017
Friday, September 15, 2017
Honors 9 9-15-17 Homework for Friday: Write the intro paragraph (approx. 1 page) Read: “Theseus” and know the nuts and bolts! (College Bowl!) Words of the day- If you tell the truth you don’t have to remember anything Stop talking in class- learn when to talk and when to not talk. You have to listen always! Strive to be better than the other classes, Escape the crab bucket, and do not bring yourself down through “herd mentality”. Seating charts suck… So shut up when he starts talking. Homeric Pattern- -Arête: Striving for excellence. Trying to be better. Endeavoring to surpass those that came before you -Hubris: Having excessive Pride. Biting off more than you can chew. Being over prideful -Ate: The act of going too far. -Nemesis: paying the price for your hubris and ate Introductory paragraph should be in MLA format Never change the font size of your title, and have a hook for Watson so that he wants to keep reading. Title should be clever and also connect the title to your thesis opinion Thesis opinion and 3 reasons should be the last sentence of your introductory paragraph; however, the 3 reasons should be in brief phrases. You need a big picture seed in your introductory paragraph which could also be your hook, and your big picture seed should come back to your big picture seed Short works should be in quotation marks Long works could be italicized Your intro needs to introduce the author’s name, and sometimes genre. You also need to put in definitions for things that Watson might not know. You might talk about the genre when approaching the thesis statement, and explain the purpose of mythology such as to teach ethics. Every paragraph needs to be at MINIMUM 8 to 10 sentences long There are too many characters for the number of body paragraphs… so use envelope thinking to combine more than one character, and your best reason should always be your last body paragraph…. Probably Talos since he is a positive example of the theme.
Thursday, September 14, 2017
2nd Period Euro Lit 9/14 Notes
-Homework: Read Iliad Book XIV and XV
-College Bowl review
-Dionysus, last god in the Pantheon, god of theater, last created by the greeks, demigod, god of the grape, themes of resurrection that echo in the Bible
-The Greeks revered cunning and wile above all else
-Hector and Diomedes fight. Strange civility in the midst of war. Example from WWI.
-If you have no other relatives, you don’t have to fight. So why does Hector fight? Hector says if he refused to fight he couldn’t face the Trojans. Because of pride, reputation. Also glory and fame.
-Ajax (the wall of the Achaeans).
-Nestor is the old man advisor for the Greek army. They draw lots. Hector and Ajax fight, it’s a draw. They exchange gifts of honor.
- Zeus has golden scales, falls on the side of the Achaeans. Hera goes to Poseidon. They get involved in the fighting.
-Ajax ties two oars together to fend off the Trojans. Teucer is the best archer.
- Patroclus is going to die, which will bring Achilles back into the fight just when the Trojans are ready to wipe out the Greeks.
Diomedes says they should appease Achilles, Agamemnon says ok, I’ll give back Briseis, and even let him marry one of my daughter, if Achilles surrenders.
Achilles epithet (the great runner, the swift)
Achilles chases Hector around Troye four times.
Ajax, Phoenix, Odysseus visit Achilles, Odysseus starts speaking first.
Achilles encountered Hector on the very first day of the conquest and couldn’t decide whether to kill him or not. Biggest human motivation is fear of death. Achilles will kill Hector out of wrath.
Phoenix speaks last, think about the greater good. Achilles says I have no use for the Achaeans. He questions the idea of the greater good.
Odysseus says he doesn’t care, let’s go.
Interlude, brief comic relief.
Achilles takes notice that Machaon is wounded. Agamemnon gets wounded, retires from battle. Hector says come on guys let’s go. Paris pins Diomedes’ foot to the ground. Odysseus sees this, has an inner debate, will I stay and defend him? Odysseus is injured.
Odysseus says he doesn’t care, let’s go.
Interlude, brief comic relief.
Achilles takes notice that Machaon is wounded. Agamemnon gets wounded, retires from battle. Hector says come on guys let’s go. Paris pins Diomedes’ foot to the ground. Odysseus sees this, has an inner debate, will I stay and defend him? Odysseus is injured.
Homework for Thursday- Write Conclusion Paragraph on “Daedalus” (aprox. 1 page). No less than 75% of a page, and no more than 1.5 pages
Words of the day J- better to fail with honor than to succeed by fraud
Tips for surviving Stewart’s class ;): Check out “Oedipus the King” and read the book before you move into the tragedy section. Also read “Oedipus at Colonus” which will not be required, but you will get bonus points for reading it.
Indent 5 spaces at the beginning of each of the paragraphs.
Paginate the top right corner if you have multiple pages (which you should have in a 5 paragraph essay)
Paragraph transition within the topic sentence, which should be a thesis restatement.
Gnothi Seaton- know thyself
Gnothi Seaton is one of the most important things that you will learn in this class.
DO NOT FORGET DAEDALUS!!!!!!!!!!!! Comes back in trimester B
Intro paragraph needs a hook, and somewhere in the paragraph you need a BIG picture seed. The hook can sometimes be the big picture seed. And bring the big picture seed back in the conclusion paragraph to give your essay cohesion.
Do NOT put any opinions in your essay… especially the conclusion!!!!!
Meden Agan- nothing to excess; KEEP TO THE MIDDLE
One way to approach a conclusion is critically- you can disagree with the theme of the story, but you have to back it up.
Robert Browning- “Man’s reach should exceed his grasp.”
He is saying that we should reach for it even if we don’t grasp it.
Rest of the quote “else why is there a heaven?”
We’re supposed to commit ate. By going to far we are able to self surpass. We surpass ourselves by screwing up.
The gods are no more perfect than those who made them, and men are not perfect.
By going to far we know where the bounds are because the gods are not real. We impose the bounds on ourselves. By telling yourself that you can’t do something you have set your own bounds.
We aspire to become better. We would still be in the caves if we did not go further than we were supposed to.
We have to reach for the stars in order to grasp them, but sometimes we fall… but we’re supposed to!!!!
Labyrinth is the most fascinating symbol- the labrynth is a prison of our own minds! Elaborate for a lot of bonus points in the essay.
Flying is another excellent symbol- mankind was not meant to fly, but we did and do, we can fly to other worlds. Elaborate for bonus points galore.
Another technique is the comparison- Lance Armstrong example from yesterday for insight on this technique. Comparison is my favorite method for a conclusion paragraph. I like to compare the stories to movies, especially Shrek and Lord of the Rings, but find something original that is strong, and if you can explain it well then you will get an unimaginable amount of bonus points… (not really), but you will get bonus points. For well written sections and cohesion within the essay. Make your essay flow.
Wednesday, September 13, 2017
Homework for Wednesday: Complete end marks and capitalization review
Words of the day- Everyday is a good day; however, some are better than others.
Cover your mouth when you yawn in order to prevent Satan from jumping down yo’ nasty throat.
Be a piece of cooked spaghetti
Clincher sentence connects with the thesis opinions
Main reason proved by examples proved by quotations proved by explanations which proves the thesis opinion
A comes back to A is the literary device of character 99% of the time.
Arête- the strive for excellence
People strive for excellence is because they fear death, which is why we created the gods. The closest thing that mortals can get to immortality is fame.
Homer noticed that usually people with pride end up doing something that causes them to fall.
Watson expects big picture thinking in the conclusion paragraph.
One way is through comparison. Compare “Daedalus” to another movie, book, etc.
Use three points within the comparison.
For example) lance Armstrong was striving to be the best bicyclist that he could be in the same way that Daedalus was trying to be the best inventor
Lance’s hubris was his overconfidence
Lance’s ate was taking performance enhancing drugs
Lance’s nemesis was that he was stripped of his previous championships, and was infamous for the rest of his life.
Anagnorisis is the recognition that you have messed up.