Friday, March 3, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 3/3/17

Class Notes: 3/3/17
            Finish: Old man and the Sea 50 pt. quiz
            Essay rewrite due

Expected for Essay rewrite:
-       Finished essay
-       Brainstorming
-       Thesis statement and topic Sentences
-       Quotations, examples and brief explanations
-       Rough draft of body paragraphs
-       Rough draft of conclusion
-       Revision of paragraphs
-        First essay

Two Road Not Taken
Robert Frost
-       The road symbolizes life and the two paths diverged represent a cross roads
-       “I” Could be anyone
-       The connotative grows naturally out of the denotative
o   The repetition of the “I” makes Mr. Stewart think there is a deeper meaning
-       AJ believes that this poem represents Christianity
-       This poem is about the nature of decisions, the poem speaks to the problem of decisiveness
-       We face cross roads in our life
-       This poem is about predetermination vs. freedom
o   Cross roads are a universal symbol with free dome
§  Romeo could have walked away
§  Oedipus was at the cross roads when he met his dad
-       This poem is existentialist, we are the sum total of our actions
-       It isn’t what we mean its what we are
-       The more someone knows, the less people like that person
o   Crab bucket mentality, the more you know the more you ostracize yourself with your knowledge

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 3/2/17

Class Notes: 3/2/17
            Read: The Old man and the Sea
            P. 41-71, for 50 pt. nuts and bolts quiz

Stopping by The Woods on A Snowy Evening
Robert Frost
Existentialist Themes:
-       In the first line, Frost says “I”
-       When “I” sees themselves, they become self conscious, we are the only humans that are able to do that
-       Descartes believes that we must doubt everything in this world, except our brain, because that is what is doing the doubting
o   “I think therefore I am”
-       Sartre, a 20th century existentialist because he calls it existentialism because we are the only beings on this earth that can actively self doubt
o   We are not born with it, we acquire it somewhere along the line
o   Essence precedes existence, for everything except humans
o   We must define our essence for ourselves, by doing so for yourself we are doing it for the entire universe
-       The horse is a foil, because the man is self conscious and the horse is not
o   The horse poses the question of “What is really happening right now”
-       We are never truly ourselves, we are always before or after ourselves
-       Mind vs. Matter, for the horse it is only the natural world, while the man has separated from the material world and become transcendental
-       A mind transcends the material
-       “Downy Flake” Could be a metaphor, could be symbolism, could be image
o   An Image is: it is what it is and only what it is
o   A metaphor is when you compare two unlike things: Completely other
o   A symbol: is what it is but it means something else
o   “Downy Flake” is all three
-       Repetition takes on a different denotative level when used connotatively,
o   “Darkest evening of the year” Could mean the shortest night of the year but it could mean something else figuratively
o   The poem told Frost to repeat the last line
o   The performance of the poem is the meaning

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

European Literature Notes 3/1/17

Read "The Legend of the Grand Inquisitor" 

Complete Study Guide due Monday

Honors 9 Notes 3/1/17

Class Notes: 3/1/17
            Read: The old man and the sea
            p. 9-41
            For 50 pt. quiz
Todays Jokes: My grades!

Introduction to Ernest Hemingway:
Born 1899-1961
Died of Suicide, shot himself
Old man and the Sea published in 1951 is placed in Cuba, where Hemingway has a house
Born in Oak Park Illinois
When he was in high school, he played football and was a really good boxer
Also the editor of his high school newspaper
Hemingway is famous for his writing style, very economically, very sparse
Brief, simple and clear, uses symbolism more than any other device
He called it the Iceberg Principle, “I try to write on the principle of the iceberg, 7/8ths is underwater for every part that shows 
1918 the US enters WW11; he volunteers to be an ambulance driver for the Italian army
A shell blew the ambulance into the air, Hemingway’s back was crushed, but he still carried an injured soldier to get medical care
He went back home to Chicago, and his mom couldn’t stand having him in the house anymore
He lived in Paris and joined the expatriate society, headed by Gertrude Stein
The Hemingway code: face fears steadfastly, be honest, be stoic, no boasting, be respectful to women, be self assured, be self reliant, be efficient, and loyalty
Stoic: a philosophy of remain indifferent to outside events, and keep yourself together nothing can really hurt you
Joe DiMaggio is a personal symbol for this code
Is Hemmingway a negative example of his own theme?
Father committed suicide
He became a way correspondent in WW2
Had a big fishing boat down in Cuba
1953, he is on a safari in Africa and his plane crashes
He wrote a short story “the snow of Kilimanjaro”
He started partying and lost his writer soul, so he goes to Africa to detox but he contracts cancer
Then in 1961 he kills himself

Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Robert Frost

How a poem means, is based on the context of the symbolism
The relationship and juxtaposition of one thing to another
-       “Dark and Deep” Could be a symbol of danger but when you put lovely in front of it, it becomes something else
How does the connotative come from the denotative?
-       This is called understatement
-       You never say what you want to say, called objective correlative
-       T. S Elliot’s philosophy you never say what you want the reader to say or feel; you have the action create the feeling. They don’t feel it vicariously
Don’t overwrite the symbolism
“I” is symbolic: might be autobiographical, but I could also be anybody, you or me or us, any age, any time.
 Why is the person stopping and watching the woods filling up with snow?
The horse is a foil, a minor character that has a different character to the major character, and one that points out the difference
The horse is a symbol; horses don’t stop to watch woods to fill up with snow
When he says “Little Horse” He is speaking to the lack of consciousness to the humans
This poem is existentialist, I saw I-self and he hopes no one saw him doing this because he is  self-conscious

Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/28/17

Class Notes: 2/28/17
            Write: Rough Draft of introduction and begin revision of all 5 paragraphs
            Bring student ID
What is the sickest poem ever written?
The Illiad!

Thst= Thop: Paradox of pre d vs. freedom, how we deal with what were dealt, and freedom vs. happiness, catharsis
Who is responsible for Romeo and Juliet’s death? Everybody
 Conclusion technique:
-       Critical analysis: disagree with the theme, “Love over comes hatred but at a great cost”, and explain how you believe the theme is wrong

Poetry uses language more intensely by using it more economically, saying less in order to say more.
Poems don’t have to mean anything; they use symbols to give us a feeling for something.
Review: three types of symbols (yesterdays notes)
-       Universal
-       Cultural
-       Personal
The eagle: a cultural symbol

The tiger:
What do we connote with a tiger? Strength, Power, pride, dangerous
How do we figure out what a poem means?
-       The poem itself is the message, and how the author uses literary devices
-       What literary devices does the poem use?
o   Alliteration
o   Rhythm and meter
o   Symbolism
-       Ask questions as to why the author used certain things:
o   Why the exclamation marks? To show the strength of the tiger
o   The poem is asking questions, asking someone a question
-       How things in the poem work together
-       AJ believes that the poem is a metaphor for Christianity
-       John explains how some of the pronouns represent god.
“What immortal hand or eye” represents god
“Fearful symmetry” Symmetry means balance, but why is it fearful
“What the hand” Tigers don’t have hands
“What dread hand and What dread feet?
Why did Blake break the rules and capitalize Lamb?
What is the poem really asking? Did he who made the lamb make thee.
Did the creator create the lamb and the killer?
Did the creator create good and evil?
Why is “he” not capitalized? Why if god is all-powerful and all knowing, then why is there evil? Argument against god

Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening:
Does this poem mean something?

Monday, February 27, 2017

Honors 9 Notes 2/27/17

Class Notes: 2/27/17
            Write Rough Draft of Intro paragraph
Bring student ID to pick up The Old Man and The Sea on Wednesday

Why did the free verse poem ignore the sonnet? He didn’t want to meter.
I know my puns are bad, but Stewart’s jokes are verse.

Poetry Unit: Short with emphasis on symbolism
What is Poetry? Poetry is simply using language in a different sort of way from the standard.
Why do we have poetry? Teach about the world, teach morals and entertain
-       Poetry helps us live, it gives a better view of what life is itself
-       Gives us a different perspective
-       Poetry uses figurative language, connotation
Denotative vs. Connotative: Poetry is connotative
Poetry uses language not just to communicate, but uses poetic devices to make language more intense
Poetry uses language economically: by saying less, you say more
Words are symbolic, by using words in an economical way that allows them to carry more weight than they usually freight
The connotative suggested other meanings depend on the denotative meaning
Three types of Symbolism:
1.     Archetypal, and universal- true for anyone, anywhere, anytime. These symbols would be based off of basic human condition and psychology
2.     Cultural Symbols- have associated meanings only within the culture
3.     Personal symbols: the author uses denotatively what something is, but use different techniques to make it more than its denotative meaning

Poetry doesn’t have to mean anything

The Eagle
-       Alfred Lord Tennyson
Poetic Devices Used:
-       Rhyming,
-       Personification of the eagle
-       Rhythm, meter and pacing
-       Symmetry, and asymmetry,
o   In the last two lines, he uses asymmetry by taking out the comma in the last sign
He uses imagery to describe the life of the eagle
-       The eagle is so high up he’s in lonely lands
-       He has such good eye sight he can see the curvature of the earth