Friday, May 12, 2017

Evil Discussion 5/12

THEME: you can’t fight fire with fire, or we all have the possibility of evil.
INTRO: Make the intro catchy. Mention the author but only put relevant details. Title and genre of the story, definitions (like schadenfreude), big picture seed, and thesis statement with the 3 lit devices.
SYMBOLISM:
ROSES!!!! (super symbolic)
Letters-by trying to fight fire with fire you create more fire
CONCLUSION:
you can compare to another work, take a critical position, Nixon, Trump (ew), etc. etc. (ya’ll know how to do a conclusion...hopefully)
CHARACTER/POV:
3 changes. Perception of strangeworth, town, and ourselves
PLOT:
Pro: strangeworth
Ant: id
Setting: anywhere any time. Setting is ironic
Int con: Can Strangeworth eradicate the evil in herself?
exposition: “town belonged to her” her duty to combat evil never gave her roses away
climax: idiot child and was “pleased” and “cries for wickedness of the world”-never learns that she’s evil.
Ext con res: Roses cut
Denouement: our reaction

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Evil Discussion 5/11

SCHADENFREUDE-Taking joy in others pain (misery joy)
    Scape goat. It is human nature to want others to feel pain. It’s historic and inherently human. Ancient Greece. What was her intent? Was Strangeworth doing it to be evil or to protect her town? “There was only one Strangeworth left in it” She knew what she was doing was evil. “Her name did not belong on such trash” Hid her identity with, “colored paper”, “block letters”, “Pencil” etc. (there’s sooooooo many) She knew that what she was doing is wrong but she liked it.  “was pleased” “intense happiness” “liked writing her letters” Justifies the letters to herself that she is doing good by alerting people to “possible evil”. “Harsh Perhaps” ends justify the means. She knows that the letters are evil but she doesn’t think that she’s evil. “cries for the wickedness of the world” does not cry for the evilness of herself. She thinks that she’s doing good by doing evil.
    Why did she think the town was hers? She’s super entitled. The people are other. She doesn’t even know people’s names. She’s also a jerk to Mr. Lewis because she thinks that she’s better than him. Watergate. Nixon thought that he was above the rules. Nixon fired the investigator. (Hmmm.... Sound familiar? cough cough.. Trump...cough cough) “of course I knew that the guys broke into the watergate. But I’m the president and it’s not against the law if I do it.”  Strangeworth thought that it wasn’t evil when she did it.
    Hobbes and Reuseau. Were the townspeople evil because of strangeworth or were the naturally evil. Hobbes says that humans are inherently selfish. Reuseau says that society corrupts us. (This is a good topic for conclusions)
PLOT
Pro: Strangeworth
Ant: townspeople/id (really the id)
Int conflict: Can she overcome the evil in herself?
Int con res: “she began to cry silently for the evil of the world” She just sees it as the townspeople being evil not her. She doesn’t learn that she is evil. Reenforces that the town is evil and she needs to fix it. “she was pleased” No way the letters will help so she just wrote the letter to make herself happy and be mean.
POV/CHARACTER
What changes: Our perception of Strangeworth. “didn’t you ever see an idiot child before” “was pleased”
In what way: Ironically
What changes: Perception of the townspeople
What way: Ironically
What changes: Our opinion of ourselves
What way: Ironically
When we call her an evil bitch (even though she is) it’s the same as calling the baby and idiot child.
Why does the author have it change that way: We all have the possibility of evil

SATIRE:
Allegory. Everything is symbolic
Also everything is super ironic

SYMBOLISM
Down to the blue-She’s written so many letters (What a bitch.)

NARRATOR
3rd person omniscient. Objective.
“Indulgently” Goes into Strangeworth’s mind.
“She sometimes found herself thinking that the town belonged to her” Really important. But Why?

All of the Evil Notes From all Time

Have fun with these!

Possibility of Evil Notes #1

General notes about the essay:
·      Introduction – needs to set up the ideas that you are going to discuss in the essay – should plant the “big picture” seeds that you may address in your conclusion.
·      Your introduction and conclusion should be aligned with one another – may be best to write introduction last to ensure you aren’t on two different proverbial pages in your introduction and your conclusion.
·      One idea – could use biographical information about Shirley Jackson and real world, historical context to lead into your thesis statement
·      THIS IS NOT A FLOW CHART ESSAY! There will be no numbers anywhere!
·      Rubric – graded on:
1.     Ideas and Content
2.     Organization
3.     Sentence Fluency
4.     Conventions – 25% of your grade is conventions! Make sure you edit, edit, edit!!
·      Must have a title! Try to tie in title with introduction & conclusion too!

Character & POV: should bundle the two together

What Changes?
·      Strangeworth has the roses, then she doesn’t have the roses
·      Townsfolk’s perspective of Strangeworth – thought she was great, then thought she was terrible
·      OUR perspective of Strangeworth – we thought the same thing!
·      ARGUABLE POINT: The townspeople became evil – (you may not think this is true.  Perhaps you believe that people are inherently evil, and the letter just brought the evil out in them.  This point would be based in your personal philosophy of human nature – are we inherently good but do bad things, or are we inherently bad and it is waiting to show itself? Heady things to think about!)
·      Our view of ourselves! We liked that Strangeworth got what was coming to her!
Our shift in POV of Strangeworth happened when we found out she was writing the letters and  enjoys it  even though she knew what she was doing was wrong
·      Knows she was wrong – burned the evidence, locked her drawers, wrote on generic paper and in childish, block print, and didn’t put her name on it
·      Even though she knew it was wrong, she LIKED it! “Besides, Ms. Strangeworth like writing her letters.” (200)
Jackson had to have our shift in POV of Strangeworth happen so that we could have the shift in POV of ourselves!
Strangeworth is trying to prevent the evil in her town – making her town fit her idea of normal – but she CAUSED the evil – IRONY!
Roses being destroyed cemented her idea that people are evil
Theme: Two wrongs don’t make a right! Eye for an eye makes the whole world blind! Can’t fight fire with fire! Can’t fight evil with evil!

Plot
Protagonist – Strangeworth
External Conflict Question: Can Strangeworth purge the town of evil?
External Antagonist: Townspeople
Internal Conflict Question: Can Strangeworth recognize that what she is doing is evil?
Internal Antagonist: Evil within herself
Setting: No specific time or place/beautiful summer day/small, quaint town
·      Ironic!
·      Universality – could be anywhere because evil exists anywhere
Climax: “Besides, Ms. Strangeworth liked writing her letters” (200)
Exposition: Nice old lady in nice old town who loves her roses and won’t share them with anyone!
Denouement: Last paragraph OR change in our perspective of ourselves (just like “A Man Who Had No Eyes”)

Symbolism
·      Roses
·      House
·      Pleasant Street
·      Townspeople
·      Harris Boy
·      Letters

Irony – EVERYTHING IS IRONIC!
·      Harris Boy’s actions
·      Her letters
·      Ms Strangeworth
·      Townspeople
·      Diction: “dainty”, “little dimple” (196)

Diction:
·      “dainty” (196) v “dainty” (202)
·      Repetition (200) & (202)
·      Entitlement: “her town, her people” (202)
·      “Intense happiness” (203) links with “besides, Ms. Strangeworth liked writing her letter” (200)
·      “other letters” (199) – adds to mood?
·      All happy at the beginning then shifts gradually – mood/tone/atmosphere!

Conclusion
Gnothi Seaton – could compare to almost anything
·      Oedipus Rex (surprise, surprise!), “The Flash”, “Friendship”, Lord of the Flies
·      “The Lottery” comparison
·      Real world examples – the evil within all of us
·      Machiavellian idea of “ends justifying the means”

The Possibility of Evil Notes #2

How did you feel?
-Satisfied—she had it coming all along
-Mad—she felt like she was the target
-Sad—the roses were too extreme and harsh

Why did her roses get ripped up?
-The letters

-We all have this sick satisfaction at the end. We all have the possibility of evil.
-Schadenfruede – misery joy
-She’s trying to keep everything right and perfect
-She was trying to prevent evil but she caused it – fighting fire with fire
-“It’s not based on fact but on suspicion” – she does not actually know anything!
-She just likes to create drama “besides, Miss Strangeworth liked writing letters”
-extremley proud of her grandfather – Did not think Ethan Allen deserved a statue (he discovered Vermont or something and was an American Revolutionary)
-Takes it upon herself to keep the evil in check

Why send the letter to the person getting the evil committed on?
-Starts more problems
-Miss Strangeworth is letting Mrs. Foster know about it

Did she know what she was doing was wrong?
-Yes—“doesn’t sign her name for a reason” because if she does people will be pissed
-Yes—“she had always made a point of mailing her letters very secretly”
-yes—locked up her notebook and paper
-Knew it would hurt the people but may have not known it was wrong
-Thinks this is the only way to get rid of evil (she never tried Kindness)

What did Mrs. Strangeworth’s evil letters do to the town?
-Aggravated the evil
-Made it from “possibility of evil” to “certainty of evil”

-Made the town depressed


The Possibility of Evil Notes #3

Moral Allegory and Satire

Intro Paragraph:
-Thesis
·      title, author, theme, LIT DEVICES
-Must include a title
-1st sentence = hook (Ms. Billings doesn’t like questions)
-get a distinct voice going
-plant big pic seed
-moral allegory/satire

-Bundle point of view with character

External Q: Can Miss Strangeworth eradicate the evil in her town? NO.
-townspeople rip up her roses

External Antagonist: The Townspeople

Internal Q: Can Miss Strangeworth eradicate the evil in herself? NO.
-only focused on what the world does to her, not what she does to the world
-crying for wickedness for the world and not for the wickedness in herself

Internal Antagonist: Her own evil

Theme: Do not fight fire with fire

Climax: writes the first letter – we see she is evil

How did Strangeworth feel about her letters?
-She “felt an intense happiness” that people would receive the letters
-She takes comfort and pride in writing them

When Strangeworth know writing the letters was wrong?
-Unlock the drawer to get paper
-her name did not belong on such trash
-Disguised her writing
-Mailed letters in secret
-Knew it was harsh (tough love)
-burned the letters that she did not send

Did she think she was evil?
-Thinks she is doing them a favor
-Wouldn’t pity herself if she thought she did nothing wrong – crying about her roses not her acts

Setting and Irony:
-She lives on pleasant street but she is a crazy lady and not pleasant
-It’s sunny and nice out but she is actually depressing people
-Everyone knows each other in the town but, apparently not because of the letters
-Do not know the setting because evil can be anywhere!!!!

Irony:
-she tries to get rid of evil but just creates it
-She seems like a nice old lady but she causes this hysteria
-very harsh in letters but fragile inside
-Townspeople love her but she loves to make the townspeople in pain
-Her name is Strangeworth and she is strange
-She wonders why everyone is upset but it si all because of her!!!
-Yo’ little Harris boi—only positive example of the theme

Diction:
-White wash fences and dainty people—builds a pleasant mood
-Everyone says it is a lovely day even though they all look like poop
-Right at the beginning it is cheery until the mood shifts when everyone is sulking
-“had to..” “waited…” she doesn’t actually like the townspeople –Sense of entitlement
-uses “dainty” at the beginning and we believe it, when used at the end we are like “ew no”

Symbolism:
-Roses= her narcissism/ looks can be deceiving

Her Entitlement:
-talks about the town likes it’s hers
-Super proud of her roses—her madre and g-ma did all that for her

At the end she wept for the wickedness of the world, not the wickedness of the town.
Reinforces her thought to get rid of evil

Roses are pretty and sweet but they have sharp thorns


Possibility of Evil Notes #4
Moral Allegory

Character:
·      What changes:
1.     Our perspective of Ms. Strangeworth
2.     The Roses
3.     Changed “possibility of evil” to “certainty of evil”
4.     Ourselves?
·      How does this change?
1.     Writing of the letters.
2.     Townspeople found out it were her letters.
3.    
4.    
·      Why did it change that way?
1.     Have to have the shift of our perspective in order to show the change in us.


Point Of View:
·      Third person omniscient

Is there already evil or wickedness within the townspeople?

Theme:
·      Evil makes evil? Nothing good happens from it.
·      Don’t fight fire with fire.
·      Two wrongs don’t make a right
·      An eye for an eye makes the whole world
·      Darkness cannot drive out darkness

Positive Examples
·      Harris Boy (The light in the darkness)

Negative Example
·      Ms. Stangeworth
·      Townspeople
·      The Reader

Symbols:
Roses:(Ms. Strangeworth? / People in general? / Familial pride?)
House  (Standard for the town)
Letters: (Act of evil, compared to rolls in Friendship)


Stories compared to? (One positive in a sea of negative.)
Harrison Bergeron
Daedalus

Is she helping the town?
·      Is it not in the interest of the town but for her?
·      Selfish reasons.
·      She justifies it, doing what she things is best and seems to enjoy it, Her responsibility to rid of evil.

How does she think of herself?
·      Arrogant
·      Narcissistic


Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Roses May 10

Theme-  You can not fight evil with evil

What Changes?
1. Miss Strangeworth’s letter
2. The roses are cut down
3. Our perspective of ourselves
What makes it change?
When she drops the letter
The roses are cut down
We realize that we too are evil because we were happy that the roses were cut down. We are no better than the townspeople or Ms. Strangeworth.
In what way does it change?
They thought she was nice

Why does the author have it change?

She would never want her name on the letters
Why does she use a bloke print when she has nice pen?
Keeps the desk locked
She doesn’t want them to know who it is
She doesn’t intend to stop
Because the townspeople fought evil with evil, they didn’t change anything

PLOT
External Conflict: Can she erratic the evil in the town?
External Conflict resolution: No, the roses were cut down.
Internal Conflict: Can she realize that she is also evil and stop?
Internal Conflict Resolution: No, shown in her weeping over the evilness of the world. 
External Conflict Antagonist-

Homors Homework 5/10

Re read the Possibility of Evil and Read the Lottery

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Possibility of Evil Notes 5/9

Plot
Protagonist- Ms. Strangeworth
Antagonist- human nature
External Conflict Question: Can Ms. Strangeworth erratic evil in the town?
“The town that she lived in had to be kept clean and neat, while everyone was evil and degrading”(200)
Internal Conflict Question: Can Ms. Strangeworth realize that she is being evil and stop?
Did Ms. Strangeworth know what she was doing was wrong?

-Yes—“doesn’t sign her name for a reason” because she did not want people to know it was her
-Internally she knew it would hurt the people but may have not known it was wrong, but externally she thought  that she was doing good by sending the letters to the people.
-Thinks this is the only way to get rid of evil (she never tried Kindness)
Setting- a town - Every town has a main street, to show that evil can be found anywhere.

Irony-
Ironic because Ms. Strangeworth is trying to get rid of evil, yet she is being evil in doing so.
(200)
Externally, she thinks that she is doing the right thing, but internally she knows that she is doing a bad thing. Ms. Strangeworth believes that she must do these bad things, like writing the notes, to try and erratic the evil in the town. Ms. Strangeworth is blinding herself from her own evil and only the evil of everyone else in the town.

POV-
-Third person limited because everything is from the perspective of Ms. Strangeworth. this is kinda shown in the quote, “He was usually so chipper, Ms. Strangeworth thought”(in Ms. Strangeworth thoughts)
-There was a switch towards third person omniscient on page 200. Ms. Strangeworth  “never concerned herself with facts”
-If we were to see this story from anyone else's POV, then we could actually see how evil Ms. Strangeworth.

A comes back to A-
What changes?
Ms. Strangeworth had the roses and now she does not
Our perception of Ms. Strangeworth changes
How does it change?
roses- the roses were there and now they are not because they were cut down
We saw the truth at the end of the story, she isn’t the sweet old lady that we thought that she is, but actually a mean old lady.

Monday, May 8, 2017

Lordship and Bondage Notes 5/8


Important notes in red
Student commentary in blue
Notes in black
Vocabulary in green
Stewart recommends   


Plato and Socrates gave us deductive (a priori) and inductive (a posterori) reasoning
After Aristotle returned Materialist philosophy
Romans adopt Greek culture and philosophy 
St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas are the premier philosophers of the European Medieval and Renaissance. 
Medieval and Renaissance philosophers mainly concerned about what part does man play in God's creation and does man have free will.
The problem of evil was a big issue in Medieval philosophy. Crash Course Philosophy did a short stint of videos about theodicies, which are theories about the answer to the problem of evil. Highly recommended if you want to explore the concept.
Renaissance philosophy supposes that God has given humans free will.
Humanist philosophy started during the times of the Renaissance and was based around humans at the center. It was not in contrast to Catholicism but rather an attitude within the Catholic faith.
Mind-body dualism comes from René Descartes. Cartesian philosophy believes in the mind-body dualism. Existentialism believes that there is no mind-body dualism.
Existentialism is based around becoming one's own true self.
What is one's true self?
Hegel gives us phenomenology, the study of the subjective appearance of something
Nietzsche says that all is subjective. Including time.
Time does not flow at the same rate everywhere. According to Einstein and the work that has followed in astrophysics, time flows more slowly at speeds close to the speed of light or in cases of extreme gravity, such as the event horizon of a black hole. In addition, psychology teaches us that our perception of time depends on what's going on in our brain, such as relaxation or stress.
René Descartes was a Renaissance man, he studies a lot of different things to see different perspectives on subjects. 
Descartes points out how prevalent negation is: the process through which we identify everything that something is not to find out what something is.
Socrates believed in absolute truth while the Sophists did not. 
Metaphysics of Plato/Socrates says there is an ideal world and a physical world. 
Aristotle, Descartes, Kant, and Hegel are all idealists.
The Objectivists reject idealism and say that all is matter.    
Does an idea last forever if no one is around to think it?
Aristotle's chain of being goes from the inanimate to the animate to the unmoved mover and movement is the measure of what things are.
Descartes' chain of being goes from inanimate to beasts to man to angels to God, the Increate Creator. Man can become beasts or angels.Descartes proves subjectivity exists. 
What's wrong with an infinite regress? 
Kant's chain of being is exactly like Descartes but divides it into things that live for oneself and things that live in oneself. God, angels, and man live for oneself while beasts and inanimate objects are not.
Kant believed that if we follow ethical rules, we rob ourselves of our moral agency, the ability to choose. 
Crash Course Philosophy did a video on categorical imperatives if you want to check it out.
Hegel's chain of being begins with Things to consciousness (Which are objective phenomena) to Being-for-self to Absolute Spirit (Geist) (which are subjective). Hegel thought that before the Big Bang, there was pure spirit that was shattered by the Big Bang into shards of self-consciousness that exhibit themselves in humans. 
Where does Hegel believe our personalities come from if we were part of a pure spirit? Is there a finite number of people in the universe? 
Hegel believes that eventually, all shards of Absolute Spirit will recombine. He thinks that there is no such thing as the universal without the particular.

Roses 5/8

 How did you feel?
Crushed/ Sad
We all have the possibility of evil inside us
“Never concerned herself with fact” (200)
What do the roses symbolize
Every rose has it’s thorn
What do the thorns symbolize?
Rose:Seemed nice
Thorn: Didn’t pay attention to facts

Irony
Beginning- town was nice
The townspeople less nice
Roses are nice
But they have thorns
 Symbolism
Flowers are innocent
Her innocence was taken
Are the roses her pride?
Source of pride for the whole town
“The town was proud” (198)
Destruction of roses= destruction of town?

Cutting down the roses shows more evil?
two wrongs don’t make a right
Can’t fight fire with fire
Evil can’t fight evil, it just creates more evil

Does she know she’s doing a bad thing?
Importance?:
Isn’t solving the problem, just pointing it out
Proves she knew she was doing something wrong
Locked her letters in her desk
mailed them at night
Never signed her name
Did they destroy her roses?
Was it implied?
Was it a threat?
She was trying to make them feel bad

What changes?
There were roses, no there aren’t
The town respected her, now they don’t
They opened their eyes
The child finds out the truth
had pride for the roses, now they don’t
Why does it change?
Why does the author have it change?
To show us...

Everyone has evil inside them
Only some people have evil inside of them
Human nature to have evil
Wanting to seek revenge
Throwing the roll
Everyone has compassion too

Why is Mr.Lewis in the story?


Subtly evil in public

Why does she write her letters?
She wants her town to be perfect
“Had to be kept clean and sweet” (200)
Maybe her family had always written the letters

Honors Homework May 8

Re-read Possibility of Evil
Read Blog notes and augment your own