Friday, April 13, 2018
Thursday, April 12, 2018
English 9 Honors Friendship Notes 04/12/18 • Today’s assignment: o Check the notes below and go over your own notes. o Prewrite the Friendship essay. (60 minutes) o Write and bring a hard copy of your thesis statement and topic sentences to class tomorrow. • Theme: Keep a lid on your id and forgive those who cannot in order to keep long and honest friendships. • Character: o What changes? • The Frenchman and the dog lose their friendship. o How did it change? • The Frenchman fails to control his id, and the dog is unable to trust the man again. • We can’t always control our sudden brutal impulses, and outbursts like the Frenchman’s are bound to happen. o In what way does it change? • The dog returns twice, but sees that the Frenchman cannot understand what true friendship is. Thus the dog cannot trust the man again, and leaves. • Page 175: “Positively assured” of the Frenchman’s friendship. • Page 180: “Something had broken within the dog…” o Why does B. Traven have it change this way? o Foil: Bertha and the patron are foils to the dog. • The patron accepts the Frenchman’s material apology and asks for more. • Bertha accepts the Frenchman’s material apology of giving her job back. o The dog does not have a mind due to the point of view. • Plot: o The complication in the falling action is that the Frenchman confuses the stuff from the fluff of his friendship with the dog. • Page 175: “It seemed the dog had never in his life known what love was… He would wait patiently… Only then, and not before…” o Protagonist(s): Frenchman and the dog o External conflict question: Can the dog and the Frenchman form and keep a friendship? o Setting: Mexico City, where the Frenchman is an outsider. Time is not relevant to this story. • Frenchman is in more dire need of friends because he is not native. o Internal conflict question (dog): can the dog come to trust the Frenchman? • The dog does not enter the café even once. o Internal conflict question (Frenchman): Can the Frenchman control his anger and suppress his sudden brutal impulses? • The Frenchman fails his internal conflict resolution, and throws a rock-hard roll at the dog. • We hurt the ones we love the most, because they are easy targets. o The dog’s trust is broken by the Frenchman, and is further complicated by the Frenchman’s attempts to apologize to the dog. • The Frenchman’s focus on the material apology towards the dog prevents the dog from trusting the man again. o Page 179: “Things like that can happen any day” o The dog has an unsuccessful internal conflict resolution and cannot trust the Frenchman. • Because the dog cannot trust the Frenchman, it leaves and is never seen again ever. • Symbolism: o Page 180: The Frenchman think that the dog will return, as they are faithful to the ones that feed them. • Page 180: The Frenchman is disappointed that the dog came back, thinking it truly was only the food that the dog wanted. o The dog’s licking of the man’s hand may be a symbol of the dog forgiving the man, but we cannot know for sure. o The dog is a symbol for all of us when we have been hurt by a friend. o When Bertha yells at the customer on page 179, she is demonstrating how everyone has the id. o The telephone is a symbol of the knowledge of our id and our self-surpassing nature. o The dog always arrives at 3:30. Why? o The dog never crosses the threshold. What does this symbolize? • Diction/refrain: o Page 181: The dog seems to have a moment of self-consciousness about its tail wagging… “So it seemed” o Page 176: “Almost perfectly” • Humans are self-surpassing, and we cannot perfectly calculate the exact limits of what we are capable of. • Telephone engineers have prepared for us to slam phones down full-force, as it is the nature of our Id and ourselves. o The dog would not enter the café, “still he would not enter”, “not once did he enter”. o The dog licks the man’s hand over and over again for a full minute. • Personification: o Pages 171 and 172: “Grinning” and “comical grin” o Page 175: Giving the dog language o Page 173: “the dog smiled back…” o Page 178: “killed a human being…” • We see how humans are self-surpassing through stories such as how Chronos overcomes Uranus, through knowledge. Knowledge of what? o We surpass ourselves by knowing ourselves, and knowing who and what we are. • Conclusion: o We are self-surpassing, and we are able to surpass ourselves by knowing ourselves. o Both the Frenchman and the dog are negative examples of the theme. Compare the two to other people or characters who act as positive or negative examples of the same theme. o You can use personal experiences in the conclusion paragraph, but you must word it in ways that are more general and are not specific to your experience.
Wednesday, April 11, 2018
Honors 9 English Friendship Notes 04/11/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read Friendship multiple times and look for significant quotes. o Check the notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Pre-write! • Review of the plot: o Both the Frenchman and the dog are the protagonists. o The external conflict question: Can the Frenchman and the dog become friends and stay friends? o The antagonist is the Frenchman’s Id, as shown by his “sudden brutal impulse”. • The Id is focused on immediate gratification. • The superego is the part of us that tells us to act or not to act on our impulses. • The ego is the deciding force in our minds, and in the story the ego chose the Id’s “sudden brutal impulse” o Setting: • Mexico City, significant because the Frenchman and dog are outsiders. o The dog never goes into the café, shown on pages 171, 172, and 175. • The dog’s refusal to enter symbolizes its distrust of all people, including the Frenchman. • The dog has “surely” dodged many rolls before, and been hurt before. o The Frenchman demonstrates his inability to control his id when he threw the roll. o What prevents the dog from trusting and forgiving the Frenchman? • When the dog comes back for the first time, the Frenchman brings it a steak. • The second time, the Frenchman brings the dog a huge calf’s bone. Why does B. Traven have the dog lick the man’s hand? • The licking is a response to the Frenchman’s “caressing hand” and symbolizes that the dog wants love instead of material things.. • The Frenchman still thinks that the dog’s love is materialistic and focused on the food. o Both Bertha and the patron are foils to the dog. How? • The patron and Bertha both accept the Frenchman’s apology through material goods. o Bertha accepts the Frenchman giving her back her job. o The patron accepts the free meal from the Frenchman and asks for more food. • Denouement analysis: o The ending of the friendship is what makes us sad and mad. o We are also mad that the Frenchman made a mistake by unintentionally hurting the dog, and that the dog did not hurt the Frenchman. • “Had never meant to hurt him at all” • Character: o What changes? • The friendship ends. o What makes it change? • The Frenchman hurls the roll at the dog. o In what way does it change? The dog comes back twice. o Why does the author have it change that way? • So that the dog can try to show the Frenchman that he wants love by licking the Frenchman’s hand. • Diction: o Huge calf bone: The Frenchman thinks a huge bone will make the dog forgive him. • Point of view: Third-person limited omniscient o The narrator does not go into the mind of the dog, as the dog does not have a mind to go into. • The dog lacks self-consciousness. The dog stops wagging its tail because it seemed to recognize the tail wagging. • Page 179, the Frenchman tries to console himself that the dog will forgive him. • The Frenchman thinks to himself that the dog is no more than “a common mongrel” and that the dog only came for the food. o The Frenchman is both happy and disappointed at the dog’s return, as it affirms his belief that the dog came for the food. • The Frenchman cannot make the dog better, only himself. • In order to surpass ourselves and keep a lid on our id, we must know the id in ourselves.
Tuesday, April 10, 2018
Honors 9 English Friendship notes 04/10/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read Friendship multiple times. o Check the notes on the blog below and flesh out your own notes. o Pre-write the character analysis and plot paragraphs. o Answer this question: Why does B. Traven have the dog come back to the Frenchman twice? • How we feel: Both mad and sad at the dog and Frenchman o Sad because the dog left and was never seen again. o Mad that the Frenchman threw the roll at the dog. o Sad that the dog left while the Frenchman tried to apologize o Mad that the dog never returns because the Frenchman never intended to hurt the dog. o Mad that the Frenchman betrayed the dog’s trust. o Sad and sorry for both the dog and the Frenchman since they both lost each others friendship. • The dog refuses the Frenchman’s offering of material objects while trying to make up for throwing the roll. • Plot: o The external conflict resolution is on page 182, “and left” o The external conflict question is can the Frenchman and the dog become friends and stay friends? The two characters do become friends, but they cannot stay friends. o The protagonists are both the Frenchman and the dog. • It takes two to make a friendship o The antagonist does not have to be a person, and could be an idea, philosophy, and a force. o The antagonist is the Frenchman’s Id, being acted out through a “sudden brutal impulse”(177). • The Id is a part of human nature. • The Id is the animal part of us, wanting immediate gratification and is associated with self-focused desires and resorts to violent means of attaining pleasure. o Frenchman’s internal conflict question: Can he control his Id? o The dog’s internal conflict question: Can the dog trust and forgive the Frenchman? The dog does not truly trust the Frenchman after the roll is thrown and does not forgive the Frenchman. • “Yet did not enter”(171), “still, he would not enter”(172), “never once did he come inside”(175) • The dog is shown to have trust issues because it has dodged hard-rock rolls “perhaps hundreds of times”(177). • What does the author repeat in the story? o The dog does not enter the café, and the dog returns to the café twice after the roll is thrown. • The dog was never coming for the Frenchman’s food. o The Frenchman continually thinks that love is materialistic and tries to buy back the dog’s friendship. • Theme: In order to have a long term friendship, one must control the Id and be able to forgive those who cannot. • We always hurt the one we love the most, because we know that they will always forgive us. • We also hurt the ones we love because they are easy targets. o The dog is a dog because they are man’s best friends, and “dogs are faithful, they stick to the ones who feed them” (180). • Symbols: o The Frenchman is symbolic of everyone that has ever hurt a friend. • Can we learn from the story to put a lid on our Id? o The dog is symbolic of all of us that are hurt by others.
Monday, April 9, 2018
English 9 Honors Friendship Notes 04/09/18 • For the flowchart essays, a full intro paragraph is not required. The thesis statement is the requirement for a flowchart essay. • Today’s assignment: o Re-read the story. o Check the notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Consider the character changes. How and why do they change? o Do some work on the character paragraph, if you are able. • How did the story make us feel? o We felt sad because of the bond we feel between the dog and the Frenchman being torn away by the dog’s disappearance. o We feel bad for the Frenchman because the dog never comes back to him. o We sympathize with the Frenchman because the dog left the Frenchman after a single incident where the Frenchman could not control his anger. • We also sympathize with the Frenchman because he feels extremely regretful for taking his anger out on the dog. o We feel bad for the dog, because its absolute trust in the Frenchman is broken by the Frenchman’s tossing of the rock-hard roll, leading to a feeling of betrayal in the dog. • “There was no accusation in the dog’s eyes, only a profound sadness” • Mad that the Frenchman threw the roll. o We are mad that the dog didn’t give the Frenchman another chance to redeem himself. o The dog came back twice. Why? • The dog could have wanted to say goodbye. • Page 181, the dog was the Frenchman’s “velvety warm eyes” and searching the man’s mind for the man’s reason for throwing the roll. • The diction “velvety warm” makes us feel even worse for what happened between the Frenchman and the dog. • Maybe the dog seems to forgive the Frenchman, but does not fully forgive the man in the end. • The dog refuses the gifts, because the man’s guilt is trying to be reversed through material objects. o How do we know the dog had nothing to do with the Frenchman’s outburst? • “The real culprit… was the baker” (176) • The Frenchman was angry at Bertha, the waitress. “But she had served that roll and so she was blamed for what happened.” (176) • Why is Bertha in the story? • Page 181: the Frenchman invites the dog to come in and eat closer to the fire out of a desire to make up to the dog. • Page 178: The Frenchman takes a steak and runs out after the dog, not caring that he looks like a madman. “Not in the least minding… to stop and watch a lunatic” • What changes? o The dog doesn’t return. o What makes it change? • The dog lost its trust in the Frenchman. • The friendship formed and broken between the Frenchman and the dog. The dog came for the Frenchman’s food, but stayed for the Frenchman’s companionship. o Why does the dog lose its trust in the Frenchman? • The man threw a rock-hard roll at the dog. o In what way does it change? • The dog returns twice and then leaves. o Why does the author make it change in this way? • Why did the Frenchman throw the roll? o The man had an argument with a patron. o The waitress, Bertha, was fired as the target of the Frenchman’s anger. o The Frenchman exploded in angry words at the baker. o The Frenchman has a face “as red as a ripe tomato” and is “practically blinded with madness and driven by a sudden brutal impulse” (176-177). o “Apparently unbothered by any of the worries” (176) o “Doggy face” implies innocence in the dog’s appearance, which adds to our sympathy and upset emotions at the Frenchman’s throwing of the roll. o “Stood aghast as though he, by accident, killed a human being” (178) o “’Thanks boss, I’ll make it up to you…’” (179) o Bertha may be an outsider as well. o Bertha accepts the Frenchman’s apology, but the dog refuses the Frenchman’s apology. • The dog could easily have dodged that roll but did not move “an inch” (177). o The dog kept its “soft warms eyes” fixed “on the Frenchman’s face” (177). o The use of “sticks and stones” alludes to the saying of sticks and stone breaking bones while words may never hurt. • B. Traven: real name unknown. o Escaped from U.S. to Mexico, and became Mexico’s greatest writer. • Story is set in Mexico City, which is important because the story tells of a Frenchman in this city. o The Frenchman is an outsider, as is the dog. What do outsiders typically lack? Outsiders lack friends. • Point of view: Third-person omniscient. The information provided by the narrator is reliable. • Why is the story about a dog and not other animals? o Dogs are man’s best friend, and work best in a story about the meaning of friendship.