Thursday, April 19, 2018
English 9 Honors The Man Who Had No Eyes Notes 04/19/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Man Who Had No Eyes multiple times and know the material well. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite your essays, giving yourself only 60 minutes to write. o Write, print, and bring a physical copy of your thesis opinion and topic sentences. • We learn from the plot analysis that the denouement is the reader’s lessons learned after reading the story. • The external conflict resolution is Mr. Parsons’ response of “So am I”, revealing Parsons’ blindness. • Because Mr. Parsons was able to not rely on pity, he is able to move on from the past and become successful. o In contrast, Markwardt relies solely on pity, resulting in his inability to move on from the past and become successful like Mr. Parsons. • We feel the theme due to the author inveigling the readers to Mr. Parsons’ blindness. o While we are blind to the whole reality of the story, we feel pity for Markwardt and annoyance towards Mr. Parsons. • You cannot simply have an opinion in your essay; you must be able to prove that opinion when doing the big-picture thinking. • Diction: o “Blind” and “Beggar” uses the trustworthy third-person omniscient narrator to give us information that then leads to us pitying Markwardt as a natural response. o “Traditional battered cane” gives the image of an old cane that cannot be replaced due to Markwardt’s poor financial situation, evoking the reader’s pity. o “’I ain’t no beggar’” shows how Markwardt is less well-spoken and more uncouth. o Markwardt states that Mr. Parsons would not mind “’helping a poor guy out’”. o Markwardt tries to appeal to other’s pity, and make himself out to not be a bad guy in spite of what he has done in the past. • “’I try to forgive him in my heart’” o The “insane sort of pride” in Markwardt’s storytelling shows how little sense it makes to choose not to reach for success in the face of one’s handicaps. o “Wheedled” is to persuade someone by flattery or deceit. o Parsons has an “immaculate” suit, meaning his suit is perfect. We naturally don’t like perfect people since we think they are better than us, and the hyperbole of “immaculate” makes us disgruntled with Mr. Parsons. • Plot: o Setting: Fourteen years after the explosion on a street outside. • The time shows the consequences of the internal conflict resolutions of the protagonists. • The place allows other to observe the protagonist’s exchange, which leads to Markwardt’s appeals for pity falling on deaf ears. o Protagonists: Markwardt and Mr. Parsons o Antagonist: The protagonist’s blindness (their predetermined handicaps) o External conflict question: o Internal conflict question: Can the two men move on, avoiding self-pity and relying on pity? o Internal conflict resolution: • Parsons: successful, evidenced by Parsons feeling “a sudden foolish pity for all blind creatures” and asking if Markwardt has lost his sight “entirely”. • The title, A Man Who Had No Eyes, implies that, even though there are two blind men in the story, Mr. Parsons does not see himself as blind. o The title refers to Mr. Parsons, as he “had” no eyes, but has moved on. • Markwardt: unsuccessful, evidenced by “A man who was in it don’t forget” and “helping a poor guy out”. • Character: o What changes? • Our opinion on Markwardt and Mr. Parsons. o In what way does it change? • We go from pitying Markwardt and being annoyed at Mr. Parsons to disliking Markwardt for relying on pity, and we respect Mr. Parsons for being able to move on from the past and reach for success. • The third-person omniscient narrator purposefully makes us blind to Parsons’ blindness o What makes it change? • Learning of Mr. Parsons’ blindness. o Why does the author have it change this way? • In order to show us that we should not rely on pity or have pity for others, as pity will hold us back from success. • Symbolism: o Blindness: • Markwardt: Does not move on from the past, because he has lost his sight “entirely”. • Parsons: Parsons only “had” no eyes, but has moved on from the past. o Handicap: • Markwardt: Something that holds him back. • Parsons: Uses the handicaps to his advantage. o Insurance: • Markwardt: Sees insurance as something that he should have had. • Parsons: Sells insurance in order to help others who experience the same events as him. o The items the characters sell: • Markwardt: Sells cigarettes, an item that harms other’s health. • Parsons: Sells insurance, something that helps others recover and move on from accidents. o The items the characters use to walk: • Markwardt: “traditional battered cane” • Parsons: “Walking stick” o The Character’s outfits: • Markwardt: Greasy clothing • Parsons: Immaculate suit • Conclusion: o We can compare Markwardt to George from Harrison Bergeron. o Do not just state an opinion, give some kind of big-picture thinking on the story. • Parsons shows Markwardt pity by giving Markwardt a “half-dollar”, making Markwardt think that Parsons “might have more half-dollars”. • Some things may be out of our control, yet we still have the freedom to choose what to do with our predetermined fates. o Another conflict that arises from this paradox of predetermination vs. free will is that of freedom vs. happiness, or in other words, ignorance is bliss. o We choose not to be free because we see the choice of happiness to be easier at the cost of the freedom we get from paying attention to the world and knowing thing. His having “struggled” to be successful implies Mr. Parsons’ difficulties experienced in trying to be free. • Doing the same thing that we have been doing for a long time feels more comfortable. Markwardt • If Markwardt tried and failed to strive for success and failed, he would have had to accept responsibility for his failures. o Markwardt’s “’I ain’t no beggar’” and “’I would’ve been well took care of’” shows the contrast between Markwardt’s lack of education and Mr. Parsons’ being an educated gentleman. • Markwardt may have had control over the explosion, as he could have lit a cigarette that ignited the chemicals in the explosion. • Dialogue: o The way Markwardt talks compared to the way Mr. Parsons talks signifies that Markwardt is not educated and Mr. Parsons is. o “I ain’t no beggar”, “I would have been well took care of” etc.
Wednesday, April 18, 2018
English 9 Honors The Man Who Had No Eyes Notes 04/18/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read The Man Who Had No Eyes multiple times. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite your essay paragraphs as needed. • We start by pitying Markwardt and being annoyed towards Mr. Parsons, but our perspective changes and we do not pity him when we learn that Mr. Parsons is blind as well, and that Markwardt had tried to leave Mr. Parsons for dead in order to escape. • We should not pity others, because it does not help them move on from the past. • We first see Mr. Parsons as a more haughty person, evidenced by him being “somewhat annoyed and embarrassed” • Diction: o “Embarassed” gives off a feeling of rudeness in Mr. Parsons towards Markwardt due to being visibly put off by Markwardt. o “Annoyed”: Mr. Parsons seems like a stuck-up person, who sees Markwardt in a condescending manner. • The reader wants Mr. Parsons to pity Markwardt. o “Reminiscence” helps show that markwardt has not forgotten the chemical explosion. o “Sudden” shows that we have a natural impulse to pity those similar to Markwardt. o “Foolish” Indicates that we are holding Markwardt and other beggars back by pitying them. o Markwardt’s pride in his story of the explosion is “Insane” because he has taken pride in an event that he cannot change. • It seems crazy to pride oneself in something that elicits pity. • The predetermination of Mr. Parsons and Markwardt is the blindness form the chemical explosion. o Blindness is a form of handicap. o The chemical explosion is outside of the protagonist’s control. Or is it? o Both Markwardt and Mr. Parsons were given the same predetermined fate to be blind, but they both dealt with that fate in different ways. • The difference between the two characters is that Markwardt depends on pity in himself and others while Mr. Parsons does not depend on pity. • The story takes place fourteen years after the chemical explosion. o Markwardt still pities himself even after fourteen years, because he is still stuck in the tragedy of the past, and has not moved on. • Markwardt has “an insane sort of pride” in the tragedy of his past, using • The full theme: Do not pity yourself or others, and move on from the past. o “Ah, yes…” indicates that Mr. Parsons has forgotten about the chemical explosion. • What changes? o Our view on Mr. Parsons and Markwardt changes. • In what way does it change? o We go from pitying Markwardt to regarding Markwardt as someone not deserving of our pity. o We are blind to Parsons’ blindness as well, by having the third-person omniscient narrator shroud Mr. Parsons’ blindness until he says, “So am I”. • What makes it change? o We find out that Mr. Parsons is blind as well, when he states, “So am I”. • We have evidence that Mr. Parsons is blind. o Mr. Parsons does not see Markwardt approach, but hears the approach. o “Successful, respected… and… done it alone…” “Struggling beneath his handicaps” • This passage shows that Mr. Parsons is successful without pitying himself. • There is a paradox in Markwardt’s and Parsons’ predetermination. • Mr. Parsons feels a “sudden and foolish pity for blind creatures” because he does not see himself as blind, having moved on from the past explosion. • The imagery of the day in the story helps show the contrast between Mr. Parsons and Markwardt. • Plot: o Protagonists: Markwardt and Mr. Parsons o External conflict question: Can Parsons and Markwardt overcome their blindness and be successful? o External conflict antagonist: The blindness (The handicap) o Setting: Fourteen years after the explosion, on the street outside. • The time setting shows how Markwardt has not moved on from the past, and see the consequences that result in his dependence on pity. • The story takes place on the street outside because people look and stare at the two blind men when Mr. Parsons catches Markwardt’s lies. In response, Markwardt tries to appeal to the pity of those around him, but fails. o Exposition: Markwardt is “a beggar… a blind beggar”. Parsons is a respected, unaided businessman. o Complications in the rising action: o Climax: Markwardt cannot overcome his self-pity, while Mr. Parsons is able to move on from the past. o Internal conflict question: Can Mr. Parsons and Markwardt overcome their self-pity? o Internal conflict resolution: • Markwardt fails his internal conflict question by asking if Mr. Parsons would not mind “helping a poor guy out”. Markwardt has not moved on, saying that people in the explosion “Don’t forget”. • Mr. Parsons has moved on, saying “ah yes” when he is told of the explosion that he was a part of but since became successful businessman and has forgotten about the accident. o External conflict resolution: “So am I” reveals that Mr. Parsons is blind and managed to become successful. o Denouement: Our own lessons learned from the story.
Monday, April 16, 2018
English 9 Honors A Man Who Had No Eyes Notes 04/16/18 • Today’s assignment: o Re-read A Man Who Had No Eyes. o Check the blog notes below and flesh out your own notes. o Prewrite as needed. • Writing advice: o You cannot just say things in your essay. Explain the statements and examples you use to prove the thesis opinion. o Remember that in formal writing, one must not use second or first person when writing. o As a formal writer, one cannot use contractions such as “don’t” or “can’t” unless directly quoting the material. o For use in topic sentences: The reasons for character and plot are what happen in the story. o It is okay to ask rhetorical questions in the essays, but is not necessary. • A Man Who Had No Eyes • How the story made us feel: o We feel a kind of pity for the blind man, but humored at the end because the other man was also blind. o We feel mad that Markwardt made himself out to be the victim when he held others back in the escape. o We felt encouraged by Mr. Parsons not letting his blindness hold him back and striving for success. o We feel satisfied that Markwardt got what was coming to him for hurting others for personal gain but ending up being hurt in the end. o We feel surprised that Mr. Parsons is blind, even though both him and Markwardt came out of the same situation and they both ended up on opposite ends of life. • Markwardt is wrapped up in his disability and tries to get pity from others, wallowing in self-pity. However, Mr. Parsons does not express the same self-pity, and becomes a successful businessman. o Markwardt’s belief that Mr. Parsons died shows how Markwardt left Mr. Parsons behind whilst expecting Parson’s death. o The story shows a division between the go-getter mentality and a mentality of self-pity. o How do we feel about Markwardt after learning about his actions towards Mr. parsons? How do we feel before learning about Markwardt’s actions towards Mr. Parsons? • We feel like Markwardt is an awful person, and are filled with disgust and disappointment towards his selfish actions and self-pity. • We feel like Markwardt got what he deserved for trying to kill Mr. Parsons to escape. • We feel angry that Markwardt pushed Mr. Parsons down and tried to escape without harm, only to end up blinded anyways. • At the beginning of the story, we feel bad for Markwardt because of his blindness, but we begin to feel annoyed and disinterested in Markwardt’s self-pitying requests for charity. • At the end of the story, we feel that Markwardt is a bad person for his actions in the past in combination with his self-pity. • We stop feeling sorry for Markwardt, because we see that he did not move on and wallowed in his self-pity, becoming a beggar. o We feel happy for Mr. Parsons for being willing and able to move on and succeed in life. o We see a comparison between predetermination versus free will, with both Markwardt and Parsons being predetermined to be blind. • Parsons chose to change his fate, not letting his blindness prevent him from becoming a businessman.